The Cosmo series is a line of sports coupes produced by Mazda and powered by rotory engines. The various Mazda Cosmoes are known for their forward-looking technology, style, and performance. Although the Cosmoes have not had great sale success internationally, they have achieved somewhat of a cult following and there are many owners and clubs throughout the world.
See Autopedia's comprehensive Mazda_Cosmo Review.
Styles and Major OptionsEdit
First Generation (1967-1972)Edit
See also Mazda Cosmo 110S for more information
Second Generation (1975–1981)Edit
See also Mazda CD Cosmo for more information
The second generation CD Cosmo appeared in 1975 and lasted until 1981. It was known as the Cosmo AP in Japan, and sold internationally as the Mazda RX-5, though in some export markets its piston powered counterpart was called the Mazda 121 (a name later applied to Mazda's subcompact model). Mazda America used the Mazda Cosmo name and offered it from 1976 through 1978. The CD Cosmo/RX-5 series was a flop internationally as Mazda tried too hard to "Americanize" the car. It was however an enormous success in Japan where over 55,000 where sold in the first year alone. Due to its poor sales as an export, the series-II version from 79-81 was not exported and remained on domestic sale only.
Thrid Generation (1982-1989)Edit
See also Mazda HB Cosmo for more information
The Mazda HB Cosmo was a luxury coupe and hardtop version of the 1981 Mazda Luce sedan, and was powered by a range of rotary engines. After the Luce was updated to the HC platform in 1986 the hardtop Cosmo was dropped, but the Cosmo coupe continued on with the HB platform until 1989.
Neither the Cosmo coupe, or the Luce sedan that it was based on were imported to the United States because of the American dislike for rotary engines. However, the piston-engined version of the Luce, the Mazda 929, was imported and sold starting in 1988.
This generation of the Cosmo came with three different rotary engines, the 12A-SPI, the 12A-Turbo, and the 13B RE-SI.
Fourth Generation (1990-1995)Edit
See also Mazda JC Cosmo for more information
A truly modern Eunos Cosmo (roughly based on the 1985 MX-03 concept car) started production in 1990 on the new JC platform. The Eunos Cosmo was the top-line touring flagship of the Eunos luxury channel. It is the only Mazda to use a triple-rotor engine. The car was a 2+2 coupe and was loaded with power amenities. An electronically controlled 4-speed automatic transmission was mandatory.
Mazda Cosmo 21Edit
See also Mazda Cosmo 21 for more information
Design quirks and odditiesEdit
Historic: Mazdago · R360 · Familia/323/Protegé · Luce/RX-4 · Sentia · Cosmo · RX-2/Capella · Savanna/RX-3 · Roadpacer · RX-5 · GLC · RX-7 · Demio/121 · MX-6/Mystère · Navajo · Millenia · Revue/121 · 626 · Cronos · Xedos 9 · 929 · MX-3 · REPU · Proceed · Persona · Luce · RX-8 · Tribute
Concept: Ryuga · Nagare · Kabura · Senku · Kusabi · Ibuki · Hakaze · Cosmo 21 · Taiki · Motonari RX Concept · 2018 Mazda3 Concept · Furai Concept · Atenza MAZDASPEED Concept · Kazamai Concept · Kiyora City Car Concept · KAAN Concept · MX-5 Miata Superlight Concept · RX-500 Concept · Shinari Concept · MX-0 Concept · Mazda2 Evil Track Concept · Mazda2 Street Concept · MX-5 Super20 Concept · Mazda3 Redline Time Attack Concept · Mazda3 Turbo Sedan Concept · RX-8 Grand-Am GT Concept · MX-5 Cup Car Concept ·
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