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The GT Malzoni is a Brazilian sports car produced between 1964 and 1966, originally designed only for competitions , using chassis and drivetrain DKW (represented in Brazil by Vemag) and body in fiberglass . This vehicle was produced in two versions : a Spartan , to the race tracks , and another tour , which led to Puma GT (also known as " Puma DKW " ) and brand Puma. It is estimated that approximately 35 copies have been produced .

Usually the GT name , which means " Grand Tour " or " grand touring " appears after the name of the car, but was treated as Malzoni GT " GT Malzoni " ( or as " DKW GT Malzoni " ) in some reports of specialized magazines of his time. Moreover, the emblem has its name, on the rear of the vehicle, has a triangular shape and it appears the " GT " above the name " Malzoni " .

Copies of drive version and some copies of the Spartan version were produced in fiberglass . The first models were however produced with metallic body. When the designer, Rino Malzoni, offered one of the first copies, even metallic, for testing by a specialist magazine, he was designated as " DKW Vemag GT " .

HistoryEdit

During the 1960s the automobile manufacturers in Brazil used as part of your marketing strategy races. The DKW-Vemag for these events had modified Belcar, which showed a good performance in spite of its high weight. 

From this Jorge Lettry scenario (department competitions Vemag), Genaro "Rino" Malzoni (who had experience in using existing chassises own bodies), Anísio Fields (designer and pilot), and others have created a small sports prototype metal (the following examples were made of fiberglass) with Italian-inspired design. 

In 1964 premiere in competition. [1]

In 1965, [2] the model wins five races and its main competitor is the Interlagos (Brazilian version of the Renault Alpine A-108) produced by Willys. 

In 1966 he was replaced by the Puma DKW [3]

The Lumimari company, later renamed Puma Vehicles & Motors Ltda., Was established to produce the vehicle.

Techinical CharacteristicsEdit

The presented features correspond to Vemag DKW GT and GT Malzoni, tested by the brazilian magazine Quatro Rodas.

DKW Vemag GTEdit

Engine and Transmisson

DKW Vemag, two-stroke cycle, three cylinder in line with 74mm diameter and 76mm stroke, volume of 981 cc (1000cc), compression ratio 7,25:1, power 50CV SAE to 4500rpm, torque of 8.5 kg. ma 2250rpm. 

One of the characteristics of this engine, it has 7 moving parts, they are 3 pistons, connecting rods and 3 1 crankshaft and not use water pump (siphon is used). 

Rates with four forward gears, synchronized, and aft, with command on the floor with a single dry clutch disc and identical to the free-wheeling vehicles Vemag, driven by cable under the dashboard. The reduction ratios are 3.82, 2.22, 1.31 and 0.915 to 1. The ratio of the gear is 4,58:1 and differential is 5,14:1.

ChassisEdit

Identical to the Vemag vehicles, while being shortened to provide smaller wheelbase, suspension by transverse semi elliptic springs with shock absorbers and polyethylene separators. 

Directed by rack and pinion. 

Drum brakes, with an area of ​​active braking the brakes of 715 cm ² service. 5.5 inch wheels and tires 560x15.

Dimensions and weightsEdit

Wheelbase, 2.45 m;


front track, 1.29 m,

back gauge, 1.35 m;


ground clearance, 15 cm;


Weight empty 915 kg;


payload, 410 kg;


total length 4.08 m, width 1.69 m, height 1.28 m.


The fuel tank has a capacity of about 45 liters, including about 8 liters to reserve. The reservoir has a capacity of Lubrimat little less than 2 liters. The gearbox has the capacity to 2.5 liters, 2.25 liters in refueling. The cooling system has a capacity of about 8 liters of water.

PerformanceEdit

Estimated top speed of 145 km / h, 

velocity obtained in the test performed by Four Wheels, 138 km / h, 

fuel consumption (according to DIN 70030) equal to 11.43 km / l.

Malzoni GTEdit

Engine and Transmisson

DKW - Vemag S , using the Fissore engine  ;

two-stroke cycle , three cylinder in line with 74mm diameter and 76mm stroke , volume of 981 cc ( 1000cc ) , compression ratio of 8:1 , the power 60CV SAE 4500rpm , 2500rpm torque 9 kg.ma with carburetor Brosol 40 CIB descending , Lubrimat system for automatic lubrication ( with a double aclopada pulley to the alternator ) .

One of the characteristics of this engine , it has 7 moving parts , they are 3 pistons , connecting rods and 3 1 crankshaft and not use water pump ( siphon is used ) .

The versions for racing pistons had larger diameter , 77.5 mm in diameter , with a volume of 1080 cm ³ .


Rates with four forward gears , synchronized , and aft, with command on the floor with a single dry clutch disc. The reduction ratios are 3.82 , 2.22 , 1.39 and 0.97 to 1. These relationships are traditional boxes of Vemag , with the second " short " . Optionally , were provided appropriate boxes the engine installed . The freewheel is identical to the Vemag of vehicles , but is permanent , because it is a sports vehicle . 

ChassisEdit

Identical to the vehicles Vemag, while being shortened to provide smaller wheelbase, suspension by transverse semi elliptic springs with shock absorbers and polyethylene separators. 

Directed by rack and pinion with ratio of 19.2 to 1. 

Drum brakes with a front disc brakes optional. The active area of ​​the brake service brakes is 715 cm ². 5.5 inch wheels and Pirelli tires 560x15 Spalla.

Dimensions and weightsEdit

Wheelbase, 2.22 m; 

front track, 1.29 m, back gauge, 1.35 m; 

ground clearance, 17 cm; 

Weight in running conditions, 800 kg in the drive version, 720-750 kg in the Spartan version; 

total length 3.85 m, maximum width 1.6 m, height 1.2 m .

PerformanceEdit

Estimated top speed of 145 km / h.

The different models of the Malzoni GTEdit

Four models of Malzoni GT can be identified. The Malzoni I was the first car manufactured by Rino Malzoni. It was a coupe metallic three volumes built on the chassis of the vehicle Vemag. Test target was the Quatro Rodas magazine then termed as "DKW GT-Vemag". The Malzoni II in turn was a Berlineta more streamlined and suitable ways of racetracks. The Malzoni III was an evolution of this second model, also in steel, and served as a template for the model in fiberglass molds, the Malzoni IV. The latter, in time, was termed as Malzoni GT (also tested by the magazine Quatro Rodas) and gave the Puma DKW.

See AlsoEdit

Automobile


DKW


Auto Union


Vemag


DKW-Vemag Belcar

DKW-Vemag Vemaguet

DKW-Vemag Caiçara

DKW-Vemag Pracinha

DKW-Vemag Candango

DKW-Vemag Fissore

Puma DKW

Puma Veículos e Motores

Carrocerias Fissore

Combustion engines

four-stroke engine

Automobile Industry in Brazil

List of automobile manufacturers

List of Brazilian cars

List of technologies in the automotive

Two-stroke engine

ReferencesEdit

Sandler, Paulo César. DKW, a grande história da pequena maravilha. São Paulo: Alaúde Editorial, 2006. 384p. ISBN 85-98497-44-4. Bernik, Vladimir. Grá Turismo nasce no campo. Revista Quatro Rodas, n.36, p. 106-111, 1963. Marazzi, Expedito. Peso pluma em curvas de todos os pesos, impressões ao dirigir o GT Malzoni. Revista Quatro Rodas, n.69, p. 93-96, 1966. Blue Cloud, Clube DKW Vemag do Brasil. [4]. Acesso em 12 de março de 2007.

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