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The Toyota Grand Prix of Long Beach is an open-wheel race held on a street circuit in Long Beach, California. Christopher Pook is the founder and promoter which began as a vision while working at a travel agency in downtown Long Beach. It was the premier circuit in the Champ Car from 1996, and was the first event in the World Series each year from 2004. The 2008 race was the last race for Champ Cars as the series merged with the Indy Racing League,[1][2] and is now an event on the Verizon IndyCar Series calendar.

The Long Beach Grand Prix in April is the single largest event in the city of Long Beach. Attendance for the weekend regularly reaches or exceeds 200,000 people.

The Long Beach Grand Prix is the longest running major "street" race held on the North American continent. It started in 1975 as a Formula 5000 race on the streets of downtown, and became a Formula One event in 1976. Incredibly, in an era when turbocharged engines were starting to come to prominence in Formula One, Long Beach remains one of the few circuits used from the time Renault introduced turbos in 1977 until the last Long Beach Grand Prix in 1983 that never once saw a turbo powered car take victory.

John Watson's win for McLaren in the final race at Long Beach holds the F1 record for the lowest ever starting position for a race winner. In a grid consisting of 26 cars, Watson started 22nd in his McLaren-Ford. That same race also saw Watson's team mate (and 1982 Long Beach winner) Niki Lauda finish second after starting 23rd on the grid. René Arnoux, who finished third in his Ferrari 126C2B, was the only driver to ever finish on the Formula One podium at Long Beach using a turbocharged car.

From 1984 to 2008 it was a CART Indycar/Champ Car event. Other popular events during the Grand Prix week include a Firestone Indy Lights race, a Tudor United SportsCar Championship race, and the Toyota Pro/Celebrity Race.

The Long Beach Grand Prix has been announced since 1978 by Bruce Flanders (and his assorted guest announcers).

CircuitEdit

Mark Smith Long Beach Grand Prix 1993 Indy car race CART

Mark Smith driving in the 1993 race

The current race circuit is a 1.968 mile (3.167 km) temporary road course carved out of the city streets surrounding the Long Beach Convention Center which actually doubled as the pit paddock during the days of Formula One. The circuit also goes primarily over the former location of The Pike historic amusement zone. It is particularly noted for its last section, which sees a hairpin turn followed by a long, slightly curved front straightaway which runs the length of Shoreline Drive. The circuit is situated on the Long Beach waterfront, and is lined with palm trees (especially along the front straightaway), making for a scenic track.

EventsEdit

Although the Verizon IndyCar Series race is the main event, a number of other races are also held. On April 8, 2006, the Grand-Am Daytona Prototypes took to the streets, replacing the suspended Trans-Am Series. Beginning in 2007, the American Le Mans Series replaced Grand-Am. Other races include Indy Lights (which replaced the Atlantic Championship in 2009) and the popular Toyota Pro/Celebrity Race. Starting in 2013, the circuit has also held the Stadium Super Trucks.[3] Additionally, a week of fairs, music, and promotional activities is held.

2008 and the Long Beach/Motegi "split weekend"Edit

During negotiations which led to the merging of the Champ Car World Series and the IRL IndyCar Series, a problem came in the form of a scheduling conflict between the Champ Car race scheduled at Long Beach and the IndyCar race held at Twin Ring Motegi the same weekend. Honda, who owns the Motegi complex and also supplies equipment to the IndyCar Series, could not change their scheduled race date of April 19. Likewise, Long Beach could not change their race weekend (with the Champ Car race scheduled for April 20), such change being a difficult task considering the civil and infrastructural preparations required for a temporary street circuit.

However, all problems were resolved when the two open wheel series agreed to merge in February 2008. Tony George (president of the Indy Racing League), with Kevin Kalkhoven and Gerald Forsythe (the former co-owners of Champ Car) planned an unprecedented "split weekend" of races at Twin Ring Motegi and Long Beach. This compromise allowed all IRL drivers to race in Japan, while ex-Champ Car drivers raced at Long Beach. Both races counted towards the 2008 IndyCar Series Championship. The Long Beach Grand Prix allowed all Champ Car drivers to race with their turbocharged Panoz-Cosworth Champ Cars that would have been used had the merger not taken place. Long Beach/Motegi was the only split weekend of the 2008 IndyCar Series.

DriftingEdit

Beginning in 2005 the event included a demonstration by participants in the Formula D drifting series. Since 2006 Formula D has held the first round of their pro series on Turns 9-11 on the weekend prior to the Grand Prix. In 2013 the Motegi Super Drift Challenge, a drifting competition, was added on the GP weekend, using the same Turn 9-11 course as Formula D. The Motegi Super Drift Challenge is the only event during the GP that runs at night, under floodlights.

FutureEdit

Promoters of the IndyCar Long Beach Grand Prix have announced plans to bid for the race to return to Formula One.[4] The race was original run as a round of the World Championship under the name United States West Grand Prix from 1976 until 1983 before joining the IndyCar series in 1984.

WinnersEdit

Season Date Driver Team Chassis Engine Race Distance Race Time Average Speed
(mph)
Report
Laps Miles (km)
Formula 5000
1975 Sept 28 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Brian Redman Boraxo Lola Lola Chevrolet 50 101 (162.543) 1:10:12 86.325 Report
Formula 1
1976 March 28 20px-Flag of Switzerland Clay Regazzoni Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 312T2 Ferrari 80 161.6 (260.069) 1:53:18 85.572 Report
1977 April 3 USAflagsmall Mario Andretti John Player Team Lotus Lotus 78 Ford
Cosworth
80 161.6 (260.069) 1:51:35 82.925 Report
1978 April 2 25px-ARGENntina Carlos Reutemann Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 312T3 Ferrari 80 161.6 (260.069) 1:52:01 86.555 Report
1979 April 8 25px-Canadaflag Gilles Villeneuve Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 312T4 Ferrari 80 161.6 (260.069) 1:50:25 87.812 Report
1980 March 30 25px-Brazilflag Nelson Piquet Parmalat Brabham Racing Team Brabham BT49 Ford
Cosworth
80 161.6 (260.069) 1:50:18 87.899 Report
1981 March 15 25px-AustraliaFLAG Alan Jones Albilad Williams Racing Team Williams FW07B Ford
Cosworth
80 161.6 (260.069) 1:50:41 87.601 Report
1982 April 4 22px-Flag of Austria Niki Lauda Marlboro McLaren International McLaren MP4/1B Ford
Cosworth
75 159.75 (257.092) 1:58:25 80.939 Report
1983 March 27 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom John Watson Marlboro McLaren International McLaren MP4/1C Ford
Cosworth
75 152.55 (245.505) 1:53:34 80.624 Report
CART Indycar/Champ Car
1984 March 31 USAflagsmall Mario Andretti Newman/Haas Racing Lola Cosworth 112 187.04 (301.011) 2:15:23 82.898 Report
1985 April 14 USAflagsmall Mario Andretti Newman/Haas Racing Lola Cosworth 90 150.3 (241.884) 1:42:50 87.694 Report
1986 April 13 USAflagsmall Michael Andretti Kraco Racing March Cosworth 95 158.65 (255.322) 1:57:34 80.965 Report
1987 April 5 USAflagsmall Mario Andretti Newman/Haas Racing Lola Chevrolet-
Ilmor
95 158.65 (255.322) 1:51:33 85.33 Report
1988 April 17 USAflagsmall Al Unser, Jr. Galles Racing March Chevrolet-
Ilmor
95 158.65 (255.322) 1:53:47 83.655 Report
1989 April 16 USAflagsmall Al Unser, Jr. Galles Racing Lola Chevrolet-
Ilmor
95 158.65 (255.322) 1:51:19 85.503 Report
1990 April 22 USAflagsmall Al Unser, Jr. Galles/Kraco Racing Lola Chevrolet-
Ilmor
95 158.65 (255.322) 1:53:00 84.227 Report
1991 April 14 USAflagsmall Al Unser, Jr. Galles/Kraco Racing Lola Chevrolet-
Ilmor
95 158.65 (255.322) 1:57:14 81.195 Report
1992 April 12 USAflagsmall Danny Sullivan Galles/Kraco Racing Galmer Chevrolet-
Ilmor
105 166.95 (268.679) 1:48:56 91.945 Report
1993 April 18 25px-Canadaflag Paul Tracy Penske Racing Penske Chevrolet-
Ilmor
105 166.95 (268.679) 1:47:36 93.089 Report
1994 April 17 USAflagsmall Al Unser, Jr. Penske Racing Penske Ilmor 105 166.95 (268.679) 1:40:53 99.283 Report
1995 April 9 USAflagsmall Al Unser, Jr. Penske Racing Penske Mercedes-Benz-Ilmor 105 166.95 (268.679) 1:49:32 91.422 Report
1996 April 14 USAflagsmall Jimmy Vasser Chip Ganassi Racing Reynard Honda 105 166.95 (268.679) 1:44:02 96.281 Report
1997 April 13 22px-Flag of Italy Alex Zanardi Chip Ganassi Racing Reynard Honda 105 166.53 (268.004) 1:46:17 93.999 Report
1998 April 5 22px-Flag of Italy Alex Zanardi Chip Ganassi Racing Reynard Honda 105 165.27 (265.976) 1:51:29 88.946 Report
1999 April 18 22px-Flag of Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya Chip Ganassi Racing Reynard Honda 85 155.04 (249.512) 1:45:48 87.915 Report
2000 April 16 25px-Canadaflag Paul Tracy Team Green Reynard Honda 82 161.376 (259.709) 1:57:11 82.626 Report
2001 April 8 25px-Brazilflag Hélio Castroneves Penske Racing Reynard Honda 82 161.376 (259.709) 1:52:17 86.223 Report
2002 April 14 USAflagsmall Michael Andretti Team Green Reynard Honda 90 177.12 (285.047) 2:02:14 86.935 Report
2003 April 13 25px-Canadaflag Paul Tracy Forsythe Racing Lola Ford-
Cosworth
90 177.12 (285.047) 1:56:01 91.59 Report
2004 April 18 25px-Canadaflag Paul Tracy Forsythe Racing Lola Ford-
Cosworth
81 159.408 (256.542) 1:44:12 91.785 Report
2005 April 10 22px-Flag of France Sébastien Bourdais Newman/Haas Racing Lola Ford-
Cosworth
81 159.408 (256.542) 1:46:29 89.811 Report
2006 April 9 22px-Flag of France Sébastien Bourdais Newman/Haas Racing Lola Ford-
Cosworth
74 145.632 (234.371) 1:40:07 87.268 Report
2007 April 15 22px-Flag of France Sébastien Bourdais Newman/Haas/Lanigan Racing Panoz Cosworth 78 153.504 (247.04) 1:40:43 91.432 Report
2008 April 20 25px-AustraliaFLAG Will Power KV Racing Panoz Cosworth 83 163.344 (262.876) 1:45:25 92.964 Report
Verizon IndyCar Series
2009 April 19 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Dario Franchitti Chip Ganassi Racing Dallara Honda 85 167.28 (269.211) 1:58:47 84.491 Report
2010 April 18 USAflagsmall Ryan Hunter-Reay Andretti Autosport Dallara Honda 85 167.28 (269.211) 1:47:13 93.619 Report
2011 April 17 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Mike Conway Andretti Autosport Dallara Honda 85 167.28 (269.211) 1:53:11 88.676 Report
2012 April 15 25px-AustraliaFLAG Will Power Penske Racing Dallara Chevrolet 85 167.28 (269.211) 1:54:02 88.021 Report
2013 April 21 Flag-of-japansmall Takuma Sato A. J. Foyt Enterprises Dallara Honda 80 157.44 (253.375) 1:50:09 85.763 Report
2014 April 13 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Mike Conway Ed Carpenter Racing Dallara Chevrolet 80 157.44 (253.375) 1:54:42 82.362 Report

Atlantics/Indy LightsEdit

Atlantic Championship history
Season Date Driver
1978 April 1 USAflagsmall Howdy Holmes
1979 April 7 USAflagsmall Tom Gloy
1980 March 29
1981 March 14 25px-AustraliaFLAG Geoff Brabham
1982 April 3
1983–1988: No races held
1989 West April 16 Flag-of-japansmall Hiro Matsushita
1990 West April 21 USAflagsmall Mark Dismore
1991 April 14 USAflagsmall Jimmy Vasser
1992 April 10 USAflagsmall Mark Dismore
1993 April 17 25px-Canadaflag Claude Bourbonnais
1994 April 17 USAflagsmall Richie Hearn
1995 April 17 25px-Canadaflag David Empringham
1996 April 13 USAflagsmall Case Montgomery
1997 April 12 25px-Canadaflag Alex Tagliani
1998 April 4 USAflagsmall Memo Gidley
1999 April 17 25px-Canadaflag Alex Tagliani
2000 April 15 USAflagsmall Buddy Rice
2001 April 8 25px-Canadaflag David Rutledge
2002 April 14 25px-Canadaflag Michael Valiante
2003 April 13 USAflagsmall A. J. Allmendinger
2004 April 18 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Ryan Dalziel
2005 April 10 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Katherine Legge
2006 April 9 Flag of Germany Andreas Wirth
2007 April 15 25px-Brazilflag Raphael Matos
2008 April 20 20px-Flag of Switzerland Simona de Silvestro

Indy Lights history
Season Date Driver
1989 April 16 22px-Flag of Ireland Tommy Byrne
1990 April 22 25px-Canadaflag Paul Tracy
1991 April 14 22px-Flag of Belgium (civil) Eric Bachelart
1992 April 12 22px-Flag of France Franck Freon
1993 April 18 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Steve Robertson
1994 April 17
1995 April 9 25px-Canadaflag Greg Moore
1996 April 14 25px-Canadaflag David Empringham
1997 April 13 25px-Brazilflag Hélio Castroneves
1998 April 5 25px-Brazilflag Cristiano da Matta
1999 April 18 22px-Flag of Austria Philipp Peter
2000 April 16 25px-Newzealand flag Scott Dixon
2001 April 8 USAflagsmall Townsend Bell
20022008: No races held
2009 April 19 USAflagsmall J. R. Hildebrand
2010 April 18 25px-Canadaflag James Hinchcliffe
2011 April 17 USAflagsmall Conor Daly
2012 April 15 25px-ARGENntina Esteban Guerrieri
2013 April 20 22px-Flag of Colombia Carlos Munoz
2014 April 13 22px-Flag of Colombia Gabby Chaves

American Le Mans Series / Grand-Am / IMSAEdit

IMSA GT Championship
Year GTO GTU Report
1990 USAflagsmall Dorsey Schroeder
Mercury Cougar
USAflagsmall John Finger
Mazda MX-6
report
1991 25px-Newzealand flag Steve Millen
Nissan 300ZX
USAflagsmall John Fergus
Dodge Daytona
report
Rolex Sports Car Series
Year DP Report
2006 USAflagsmall Scott Pruett
25px-Mexicoflag Luis Díaz
Riley Mk XX-Lexus
report
American Le Mans Series
Year LMP1 LMP2 LMPC GT1 GT2 Report
2007 22px-Flag of Italy Rinaldo Capello
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Allan McNish
Audi R10 TDI
22px-Flag of France Romain Dumas
Flag of Germany Timo Bernhard
Porsche RS Spyder
No LMPC Class in 2007 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Oliver Gavin
25px-Monacoflag Olivier Beretta
Chevrolet Corvette C6.R
22px-Flag of Finland Mika Salo
25px-Brazilflag Jaime Melo
Ferrari F430GT
report
2008 Flag of Germany Marco Werner
Flag of Germany Lucas Luhr
Audi R10 TDI
USAflagsmall Scott Sharp
25px-AustraliaFLAG David Brabham
Acura ARX-01b
No LMPC Class in 2008 USAflagsmall Johnny O'Connell
22px-Flag of Denmark Jan Magnussen
Chevrolet Corvette C6.R
Flag of Germany Dominik Farnbacher
Flag of Germany Dirk Müller
Ferrari F430GT
report
2009 25px-Brazilflag Gil de Ferran
22px-Flag of France Simon Pagenaud
Acura ARX-02a
25px-Mexicoflag Adrián Fernández
25px-Mexicoflag Luis Díaz
Acura ARX-01b
No LMPC Class in 2009 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Oliver Gavin
25px-Monacoflag Olivier Beretta
Chevrolet Corvette C6.R
USAflagsmall Patrick Long
Flag of Germany Jörg Bergmeister
Porsche 911 GT3-RSR
report
Year LMP1 LMP2 LMPC GT GTC Report
2010 25px-AustraliaFLAG David Brabham
22px-Flag of France Simon Pagenaud
HPD ARX-01c
USAflagsmall Elton Julian
USAflagsmall Gunnar Jeannette
Oreca FLM09/Chevrolet
USAflagsmall Patrick Long
Flag of Germany Jörg Bergmeister
Porsche 911 GT3-RSR
25px-Mexicoflag Juan González
USAflagsmall Butch Leitzinger
Porsche 997 GT3 Cup
report
2011 Flag of Germany Klaus Graf
Flag of Germany Lucas Luhr
Lola-Aston Martin B09/60
USAflagsmall Scott Tucker
22px-Flag of France Christophe Bouchut
HPD ARX-03b
USAflagsmall Gunnar Jeanette
25px-Mexicoflag Ricardo Gonzalez
Oreca FLM09/Chevrolet
Flag of Germany Dirk Müller
USAflagsmall Joey Hand
BMW M3
USAflagsmall Tim Pappas
22px-Flag of the Netherlands Jeroen Bleekemolen
Porsche 997 GT3 Cup
report
2012 Flag of Germany Klaus Graf
Flag of Germany Lucas Luhr
HPD ARX-03a
USAflagsmall Scott Tucker
22px-Flag of France Christophe Bouchut
HPD ARX-03b
22px-Flag of Venezuela Alex Popow
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Ryan Dalziel
Oreca FLM09/Chevrolet
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Oliver Gavin
USAflagsmall Tommy Milner
Chevrolet Corvette C6 ZR1
USAflagsmall Peter LeSaffre
22px-Flag of Ireland Damien Faulkner
Porsche 997 GT3 Cup
report
2013 Flag of Germany Klaus Graf
Flag of Germany Lucas Luhr
HPD ARX-03a
USAflagsmall Scott Sharp
USAflagsmall Guy Cosmo
HPD ARX-03b
USAflagsmall Jon Bennett
USAflagsmall Colin Braun
Oreca FLM09/Chevrolet
USAflagsmall Bill Auberlen
22px-Flag of Belgium (civil) Maxime Martin
BMW Z4 GTE
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Sean Edwards
USAflagsmall Henrique Cisneros
Porsche 997 GT3 Cup
report
Tudor United SportsCar Championship
Year Prototype LMPC GT Le Mans GT Daytona Report
2014 USAflagsmall Scott Pruett
25px-Mexicoflag Memo Rojas
Riley DP/Ford
Did Not Participate in 2014 22px-Flag of Spain Antonio García
22px-Flag of Denmark Jan Magnussen
Chevrolet Corvette C7.R
Did Not Participate in 2014 report
  • Overall winners in bold
LBGP05

2005 Long Beach Grand Prix, showing turn 10 and the Long Beach skyline.

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit


External linksEdit



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Smallwikipedialogo.png This page uses some content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Long Beach Grand Prix. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Autopedia, the text of Wikipedia is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.

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