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Fuji
Fuji International Speedway
Location Oyama, Suntō District, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan
Active from N/A - present
Major events Japanese Grand Prix, JLMC, Japan GT
Surface N/A
Length 2.835 mi (4.563 km)
Turns 16
Lap record 1:18.426 (25px-Brazilflag Felipe Massa, Ferrari F2008, 2008, class)

Fuji Speedway (富士スピードウェイ Fuji Supīdowei) is a race track standing in the foothills of Mount Fuji, in Oyama, Suntō District, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. It was built in the early 1960s and hosted the first Formula One race in Japan in 1976. In the 1980s, Fuji Speedway was used for the FIA World Sportscar Championship and national racing. Originally managed by Mitsubishi, Fuji Speedway was acquired by Toyota Motor Corporation in 2000. The circuit hosted the Formula One Japanese Grand Prix in 2007, after an absence of 30 years, replacing the Suzuka Circuit.[1] After Fuji Speedway hosted the 2008 race, the Japanese Grand Prix returned to Suzuka for the 2009–2011 races. Fuji Speedway is known for having one of the longest straights in motorsport tracks, at 1.5 km (0.93 mi) in length.[2]

HistoryEdit

1963–79: F1 launches in Japan Edit

Fuji Speedway Corporation was established in 1963, as Japan NASCAR Corporation. At first, the circuit was planned to hold NASCAR-style races in Japan. Therefore, the track was originally designed to be a 4 km (2.5 mi) high-banked superspeedway, but there was not enough money to complete the project and thus only one of the bankings was ever designed. Mitsubishi Estate Co. invested in the circuit and took the management right on October 1965.

Converted to a road course, the circuit opened in December 1965 and proved to be somewhat dangerous with the banked turn regularly resulting in major accidents. Vic Elford recalls:

Template:Quote

A new part of track was built to counteract the problem, and the resultant 4.359 km (2.709 mi) course proved more successful. In 1966, the track hosted a USAC Indy Car non-championship race, won by Jackie Stewart. The speedway brought the first Formula One race to Japan at the end of the 1976 season. The race had a dramatic World Championship battle between James Hunt and Niki Lauda, and in awful rainy conditions, Hunt earned enough points to win the title. Mario Andretti won the race, with Lauda withdrawing due to the dangerous conditions.

There was less celebration after the second race in 1977 as Gilles Villeneuve was involved in a crash that killed two spectators on the side of the track, leading to Formula One leaving the speedway. When Japan earned another race on the F1 schedule ten years later, it went to Suzuka instead. F1 didn't return to Fuji until 2007.

1980–2000: National racing venueEdit

FujiSpeedway

Fuji Speedway former layouts: Red 1965–1985, Green 1986–2004

Fuji remained a popular sports car racing venue and FIA World Sportscar Championship visited the track between 19821988 and it was often used for national races. Speeds continued to be very high, and two chicanes were added to the track, one just past the first hairpin corner, the second at the entry to the very long, very fast final turn (300R). But even with these changes the main feature of the track remained its approximately 1.5 km (0.93 mi) long straight, one of the longest in all of motorsports.

The long pit straight has also been utilised for drag racing. NHRA exhibitions were run in 1989, and in 1993 Shirley Muldowney ran a 5.30 on the quarter-mile strip at Fuji. Local drag races are common on the circuit.

The track continues to be used for Japanese national races, but plans to host a CART event in 1991 were abandoned and it was not until the autumn of 2000 that the majority of the stocks of the track was bought by Toyota from Mitsubishi Estate,[3] as part of its motor racing plans for the future.

On May 3, 1998 there was a serious multi-car crash during a parade lap before a JGTC race. The cause was a pace car going twice over the recommended speed in torrential rain. Ferrari driver Tetsuya Ota suffered serious burns over his entire body after being trapped in his car for almost 90 seconds.[4] Porsche driver Tomohiko Sunako fractured his right leg.[4] For further information see 1998 JGTC Fuji incident.

2001–present: renovationsEdit

In 2003 the circuit was closed down to accommodate a major reprofiling of the track, using a new design from Hermann Tilke. The track was reopened on April 10, 2005. The circuit hosted its first Formula One championship event in 29 years on September 30, 2007. In circumstances similar to Fuji's first Grand Prix in 1976, the race was run in heavy rain and mist and the first 19 laps were run under the safety car, in a race won by Lewis Hamilton.

The circuit has always hosted the NISMO Festival for historic Nissan racers, since the takeover and refurbishment in 2003, the event took place at TI Circuit. When the festival returned in 2005, the organisers allowed the circuit owner to bring in their Toyota 7 CanAm racer to re-enact the old Japanese GP battle. Toyota also hosts its own historic event a week before the NISMO festival called Toyota Motorsports Festival. Close to the circuit is a drifting course, which was built as part of the refurbishment under the supervision of "Drift King" Keiichi Tsuchiya. The short course nearby was built under the supervision of former works driver and Super GT team manager Masanori Sekiya and there is a Toyota Safety Education Center, a mini circuit. In addition to motorsports, Fuji also hosts the Udo Music Festival.

The only time the circuit is run on a reverse direction is during the D1 Grand Prix round as Keiichi Tsuchiya felt the new layout meant reduced entry speed, making it less suitable for drifting.[5] The series has hosted its rounds since Template:D1, with the exception of the 2004 closure, the circuit became the first to take place on an international level racetrack[5] and the first of the three to take place on an F1 circuit. The course starts from the 300R section, slide through the hairpin, then through 100R and ends past the Coca Cola curve. With the reprofiling, as cars no longer run downbank, entry speeds have since been reduced, the hill at the exit making acceleration difficult.[5] As part of the 2003 renovations, most of the old banked section of track was demolished. Only a small section remains to this day.

Following both poor ticket sales and even worse weather it was decided by FOM that the FIA Japanese Grand Prix would be shared between Fuji Speedway and Suzuka on alternate years with Suzuka holding the next race on Sunday, October 4, 2009. After the global recession and its own operational deficit, Toyota decided to discontinue the hosting of Japanese Grand Prix since 2010.[6]

RecordsEdit

Category Record Driver Car Date
1974–1984[7]
WSC 1:10.02 Flag of Germany Stefan Bellof Porsche 956 October 1, 1983
Formula One 1:12.23 USAflagsmall Mario Andretti Lotus 78-Ford October 22, 1977
Formula Two 1:12.62 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Geoff Lees March 832-Honda/Mugen August 14, 1983
1984–1992[8]
JSPC 1:14.088 Flag-of-japansmall Kazuyoshi Hoshino Nissan R92CP May 2, 1992
Formula Two 1:18.31 Flag-of-japansmall Satoru Nakajima March 842-Honda/Mugen April 15, 1984
Fuji Grand Champion Series 1:21.800 Flag-of-japansmall Masanori Sekiya March 89GC Mugen October 29, 1989
1993–2003[8]
Formula 3000 1:14.854 Flag-of-japansmall Takuya Kurosawa Lola T92 April 10, 1993
Formula Nippon 1:15.304 Flag-of-japansmall Kazuyoshi Hoshino Lola T96/52 October 19, 1996
Le Mans Prototype 1:16.349 Flag-of-japansmall Ukyo Katayama Toyota GT-One TS020 November 6, 1999
JGTC (GT500) 1:23.886 Flag-of-japansmall Yuji Tachikawa Toyota Supra May 3, 2003
Formula Three 1:26.344 Flag-of-japansmall Tatsuya Kataoka Dallara F302 Toyota April 6, 2003
JTCC (Group A) 1:31.131 Flag-of-japansmall Kazuyoshi Hoshino Nissan Skyline GT-R R32 October 31, 1993
JGTC (GT300) 1:31.356 Flag-of-japansmall Suga Ichijo Mosler MT900R May 3, 2003
JTCC (Super Touring) 1:33.035 Flag-of-japansmall Naoki Hattori Honda Accord November 1, 1997
Super Taikyu 1:35.173 Flag-of-japansmall Kasuya Shunji Nissan Skyline GT-R R33 November 7, 1998
2005–[9]
Formula One 1:17.287 25px-Brazilflag Felipe Massa Ferrari F2008 October 11, 2008
Formula Nippon 1:25.525 22px-Flag of France Benoit Treluyer Lola FN06-Toyota March 31, 2007
Le Mans Prototype 1:31.065 Flag-of-japansmall Daisuke Ito Courage LC70-Mugen June 2, 2007
Super GT (GT500) 1:33.066 Flag-of-japansmall Takashi Kogure Honda NSX May 3, 2007
JLMC (LMP1) 1:33.117 Flag-of-japansmall Shinsuke Yamazaki Zytek 04S June 2, 2007
Formula Three 1:35.173 Flag-of-japansmall Kazuya Oshima Dallara F306-Toyota March 3, 2007
Super GT (GT300) 1:40.682 Flag-of-japansmall Haruki Kurosawa Honda NSX May 3, 2005
Super Taikyu (ST-1) 1:46.304 Flag-of-japansmall Masataka Yanagida BMW Z4 Coupé August 4, 2007

The new cornersEdit

This is the official listing of the new twelve corners. Only some corners have Japanese names, most of which are a result of sponsorship agreements. The rest are named after the radius of the corner in meters.

  1. First Corner 27R
  2. 75R
  3. Coca Cola Corner 80R
  4. 100R
  5. Hairpin Corner 30R
  6. 120R
  7. 300R
  8. Dunlop Corner 15R
  9. 30R
  10. 45R
  11. Netz Corner 25R
  12. Panasonic Corner 12R

The Dunlop corner differs with the configuration used. In the full configuration, it consists of a tight right hairpin turn followed by a left-right flick. In the GT course it is a medium speed right-hander, bypassing turns 11 and 12.

Fuji Speedway in videogamesEdit

The Fuji circuit is well known to fans of the arcade racing game Pole Position, as cars raced on the circuit in the popular loop. Fuji Speedway (renamed "Namco Circuit" in the Namco Museum ports and "Blue Speedway" in Namco Museum: Virtual Arcade) was thus the first circuit ever to be featured in a video game.

Fuji is also featured in Top Gear, in the 1986–1992 layout, and Gran Turismo 4 (four layouts with the Konami logo visible on the 80s layout), as well as Gran Turismo 5: Prologue, where the circuit is available in its current post-2003 layout in two versions (with or without turns 11 and 12), the faster 1974–85 layout, and the chicane-ridden 1986–92 layouts; and in TOCA Race Driver, in its 1993–2004 layout. For F1 Challenge '99–'02, Grand Prix Legends, rFactor, GTR - FIA GT Racing Game 2, GT Legends and RACE 07 - The Official WTCC Game the track is available as free downloadable add-on. The circuit was not featured in either TOCA Race Driver 2 or TOCA Race Driver 3. There is a scratch built version of Fuji for Grand Prix 4, in which it nearly always rains.

Fuji Speedway in televisionEdit

  • The Fuji circuit is featured prominently in the Japanese television drama Engine as the main setting for the racing scenes, as well as the home of the (fictional) "Regulus Cup".
  • Jeremy Clarkson injured his neck while driving a Nissan GT-R on the course.

2007–2008 Japanese Grand PrixEdit

Main article: 2007 Japanese Grand Prix#Problems with the Circuit

During the 2007 Japanese Grand Prix, Fuji Speedway met with a lot of problems such as the paralysis of the transportation network provided by the shuttle buses, poor facilities including some reserved seats without a view, lack of organization, and expensive meals that meant a simple lunch-box was sold for 10,000 yen (US$87) at the circuit.[10][11]

Newspaper accounts of the event also alleged problems with Toyota bias and control. During the 2007 Japanese Grand Prix, the circuit prohibited the spectators from setting up the flags and banners to support the teams and drivers,[12][13] with the exception of the Toyota F1 team whose owner also owned the circuit.[14] Therefore, there were very few flags and banners in the event compared with other Grand Prix events.[15][16]

For the 2008 Japanese Grand Prix race, organizers responded to lessons learned the previous year by reducing the total number of spectators allowed at the event. Compared to 140,000 persons allowed for Sunday events in 2007, attendance was restricted to 110,000.[17] Additionally, walkways and spectator facilities were improved, along with larger screens.[18] However, the race was also affected by rainy weather, which has historically interfered in a number of past races at the circuit.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Fuji signs deal for 2007—March 14, 2006
  2. Fuji: Duval, Couto weekend summary
  3. Suzuka responds to Fuji pressure – December 23, 2000
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Super GT: AUTOBACS CUP GT Championship 1998 Round 2 – Race Review, Fog Bank Ends 2nd Round of GTC". http://www.supergt.net/jgtc/ex/gtc_cham/1998e/cha98_2/982race.htm. Retrieved December 25, 2009. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 JDM Option Vol.21
  6. "Toyota to pull out of hosting 2010 Japan GP". Mainichi Daily News. July 7, 2009. Retrieved July 7, 2009
  7. After abolishing the high-banking in 1974
  8. 8.0 8.1 The chicanes were added in 1984 and 1987.
  9. Reprofiled by Hermann Tilke in 2003
  10. "富士スピードウェイ:コース見えず、トイレやバスは大渋滞 30年ぶりF1に課題 (Fuji Speedway: Can't see the course, and the rest rooms and the shuttle buses are crowded. There is a problem in F1 has not held for 30 years)" (in Japanese). Mainichi Shimbun. October 1, 2007. Archived from the original on May 14, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070514030407/http://mainichi.jp/enta/car/graph/20071001/. Retrieved October 3, 2007. 
  11. "F1 Grand Prix lunch-box – \10,000". www.kansenzyuku.com/. September 28, 2007. http://www.kansenzyuku.or.tv/circuit_photo/data/1190949269.jpg. Retrieved October 3, 2007. 
  12. "Notes on the reserved seat" (in Japanese). kansenzyuku.com. September 28, 2007. http://www.kansenzyuku.or.tv/circuit_photo/data/1190869319.JPG. Retrieved September 30, 2007. 
  13. "日本GP・横断幕の事 (About banners at the Japanese GP: Q&A with Mr. Ikeya, Fuji Speedway)" (in Japanese). champion-ship. October 1, 2007. http://yaplog.jp/champion-ship/archive/395. Retrieved October 1, 2007. 
  14. "Captured image from the race on Sunday" (in Japanese). Formula One Administration. September 30, 2007. http://www42.atwiki.jp/kusotoyota/?plugin=ref&serial=11. Retrieved September 30, 2007. 
  15. "横断幕はどこ? (Where are banners?)". AUTOSPORT Japan]. September 30, 2007. http://news1.as-web.jp/contents/photonews_page2.php?news_no=12951&cno=1. Retrieved October 2, 2007. 
  16. "Kenji Sawada's Report from circuit" (in Japanese). Kenji Sawada, an official F1 photographer. September 30, 2007. Archived from the original on October 13, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20071013205757/http://i-dea21.jp/kensawa/index.php?d=20070930. Retrieved September 30, 2007. 
  17. Fuji to limit attendance for 2008 GP
  18. Fuji moves to avoid 2007

External linksEdit

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