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EN590 describes the physical properties that all automotive diesel fuel must meet if it is to be sold in the European Union, Iceland, Norway and Switzerland.

It allows the blending of up to 7% fatty acid methyl ester with 'conventional' diesel - a 93/7 mix.

Generally applicable requirements and test methodsEdit

Property Unit lower limit upper limit Test-Method
Cetane index 46,0 - EN ISO 4264
Cetane number 51,0 - EN ISO 5165
Density at 15°C kg/m³ 820 845 EN ISO 3675, EN ISO 12185
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons  %(m/m) - 11 EN ISO 12916
Sulphur content mg/kg - 350 (until 2004-12-31) or 50,0 EN ISO 20846, EN ISO 20847, EN ISO 20884
10,0 (on the 01-01-2009)EN ISO 20846, EN ISO 20884
Flash point °C Above 55 - EN ISO 2719
Carbon residue (on 10% distillation residue)%m/m - 0,30 EN ISO 10370
Ash content % (m/m) - 0,01 EN ISO 6245
Water content mg/kg - 200 EN ISO 12937
Total contamination mg/kg - 24 EN ISO 12662
Copper strip corrosion (3 hours at 50 °C) rating Class 1 Class 1 EN ISO 2160
Oxidation Stability g/m3 - 25 EN ISO 12205
Lubricity, corrected wear scar diameter (wsd 1,4) at 60 °C μm - 460 EN ISO 12156-1
Viscosity at 40 °C mm2/s 2,00 4,50 EN ISO 3104
Distillation recovered at 250 °C, 350 °C %V/V 85 <65 EN ISO 3405
95%(V/V) recovered at °C - 360
Fatty acid methyl ester content % (V/V) - 7 EN 14078

GOST R 52368-2005Edit

Property Unit Value
Cetane index 46,0
Cetane number 51,0
Density at 15°C kg/m³ 820-845
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons  %(m/m) 11
Sulphur content - type 1 mg/kg 350
Flash point °C 55
Carbon residue (on 10% distillation residue)%m/m 0,30
Ash content % (m/m) 0,01
Water content mg/kg 200
Total contamination mg/kg 24
Copper strip corrosion (3 hours at 50 °C) rating Class 1
Stability g/m3 25
Lubricity, corrected wear scar diameter (wsd 1,4) at 60 °C μm 460
Viscosity at 40 °C mm2/s 2,00-4,50
Distillation recovered at 250 °C, 350 °C %V/V 65,85
95%(V/V) recovered at °C 360
Fatty acid methyl ester content % (V/V) 5

See also Edit

External links Edit

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