The Belcar is a Brazilian automobile produced by Vemag under license from the German DKW factory between 1958 and 1967. Were produced 51072 unidades.1 was derived from the DKW F94 sedan, and in his time, was hailed for offering good stability, interior comfort and space for up to six passengers, plus a very robust and fair to poor mechanical Brazilian roads.
Initially it was simply known as "Great DKW-Vemag", receiving the name Belcar, "beautiful car", only in 1961. It was released in 1958, along with the restyling of "turkey DKW-Vemag" both reaching just over 50% by weight of nationalization in the wake of the GEIA activities, the Executive Group of the Automotive Industry. When their production ended, had virtually all of its components nationalized.
In 1958 Vemag launches the "Great DKW - Vemag" and the "Perua DKW - Vemag", derived from the German DKW F -94 and produced under license by Auto Union. Both are equipped with an engine of 900 cc. In 1959 , shall be equipped with 1000 cc engine .
In 1961 the "Great DKW - Vemag " shall be called Belcar, "beautiful car". In addition, the beads were removed from the portamalas lid and bumpers and hubcaps are redrawn.
It is the first car to pass a test by Quatro Rodas magazine .
In 1963 the wheels now have twelve windows for ventilation for the brakes, which would last until the end of production .
In 1964, the second production series now has opening doors in the traditional sense , in favor of safety , and the door handles were redesigned .
In 1965 it launched the Rio series in tribute to the four hundred years of foundation of the city of Rio de Janeiro. The Belcar Vemaguet and shall be equipped with Lubrimat, released months before along with Fissore.
In 1967 Belcar passes aesthetic changes that give four headlights and involves a grid from one side to the other lead. The installation and electrical equipment shall operate on 12V. In September it launched the S series, which gets the engine S, Fissore, and in December its production is terminated.
The presented features correspond to Belcar 67., approximately the same for all units equipped with the 1000cc engine. Models until 1966 had installation and electrical equipment in 6V. The features are identical, except for dimensions and weights and performance characteristics of Vemaguet. Performance information was obtained primarily with tests performed by Quatro Rodas Magazine.
Engine and TransmissionEdit
DKW - Vemag with two-stroke cycle , water cooled by thermo -siphon (no water pump ), three -cylinder with 74mm diameter and 76mm stroke , volume of 981 cc ( 1000cc ) , compression ratio of 7 , 1:1 to 7,3:1 , power 50CV SAE to 4500rpm , 2250rpm torque 8.5 kg.ma with Lubrimat automatic greasing system .
Descending carburetor Brosol 40 CIB with main gicleur 132.5 , gicleur of idle fuel g - 50 , broker idle air 1.7 , page 110 air corrector , gicleur fuel choke 160 , realtor air 3.5 choke , venturi 32 , 46 emulsifier , and 1.5 float needle adjusting screw mix of open march 3-4 half turns .
One of the characteristics of this engine , it has 7 moving parts , as follows , 3 pistons , connecting rods and 3 1 crankshaft and has no water pump ( siphon uses ) .
Gearbox with 4 forward gears , all synchronized , one aft with freewheel releasable cable under the dash .
Dry single disc clutch type , with semi - automatic clutch optional Saxomat . Off the clutch at butterfly adjustment of approximately 4 mm , not applicable to the semi - automatic clutch Saxomat .
The Belcar Vemaguet S and S ( Last series 1967 ) used the same engine supplied to Fissore , two-stroke cycle , water cooled by thermo -siphon (no water pump ), three -cylinder with 74mm diameter and 76mm of course , volume of 981 cc ( 1000cc ) , compression ratio of 8:1 , power ( declared ) of the 60CV SAE 4500rpm , 2500rpm torque 9 kg.ma with Lubrimat automatic greasing system . Despite the controversy about the real power ( and even on the actual existence ) of " S motor ," The Belcar S tested by the magazine Quatro Rodas had much higher than normal performance.
Chassis built in a closed box profiles .
Front suspension with transverse spring with polyethylene tape above and triangular suspension arms below;
rear suspension floating axis of Auto Union .
Transverse springs with polyethylene tape together with two telescopic double action, one in front and one in rear bumpers .
Steering rack and pinion , with the union of two parts bar ;
19,2:1 steering ratio ;
turning diameter of 11.5 m .
Wheels 4 ½ J x 15 , 560 x 15 tires with four plies with shoulder safety ;
Front tire pressures 19-21 psi Rear tire pressures 19-24 psi .
Wheelbase 2.45 m ;
front track 1.29 m , back gauge , 1.35 m .
Convergence ( loaded) 0 to 2mm .
Hydraulic foot brake , effective on all four wheels , with the front wheels Duplex and Simplex rear wheel . Mechanical hand brake , effective on rear wheels .
Diameters of brake drums front and rear 230mm ;
width of brake pads front and rear 50mm ;
active surface of the foot brake 715 cm ² ;
active surface of the handbrake 339 cm ² .
Motor Oil SAE 20, API Service MS-DG, for the engine, engine oil SAE 40 or 30, for the air purifier; pure mineral SAE 90 for the gearbox, fluid grease for gears for direction; grease multi use for the chassis, the joint traction and bearings, grease FT Bosch 1 V-4 or other heat-resistant grease to the crankshaft of platinum.
Installation and electrical equipmentEdit
- Battery 12V, 35AH;
- Alternator 12V, 30/35A;
- Starter motor 12V, 0.4 hp;
- Ignition Auto Union battery, firing order 1-2-3, advance auto ignition centrifugal balance, dependent on engine speed;
- Point gap, 0.4 mm;
- Spark plug (1) Bosch M-145 M-175 T1 or T1, (2) Beru 175, (3) Champion K11 or KI13, or (4) NGK A7;
- Headlights power, low 80W, 180W high.
Dimensions and weightsEdit
Length, 4,402 m;
wide, 1,695 m;
height, 1,488 m, ground clearance, 20.7 cm.
Weight empty 940 kg;
payload, 410 kg.
Gross vehicle weight on the front axle, 620 kg;
total allowable weight on the rear axle, 730 kg;
permissible grand total weight 1350 kg.
The fuel tank has a capacity of about 45 liters, including about 8 liters to reserve. The Lubrimat reservoir holds approx 3.5 liters. The gearbox has the capacity to 2.5 liters, 2.25 liters in refueling. The cooling system has a capacity of about 8 liters of water
Belcar until 1st Series 1967 (Engine 1000):
Estimated maximum speed 120-125 km / h.
Acceleration 0-80 km / h in 17.1 s;
Acceleration 0-100 km / h in 31.3 s.
Belcar S (Last Series 1967 engine with 60 HP 1000S):
Maximum speed 128 km / h (better passage to 133 km / h) Acceleration 0-100 km / h in 25.5 s.
Fuel consumption in the city average of 6.7 km / l; consumption on the road, averaging 8.5 km / l;
consumption of 11.9 km / l at constant speed of 40 km / h in third gear and 12.9 km / l in fourth gear;
consumption of 13.3 km / l at constant speed of 60 km / h;
consumption of 11.8 km / l at constant speed of 80 km / h;
consumption of 9.5 km / l at constant speed of 100 km / h;
consumption of 8.5 km / l at constant 120 km / h.
A very great curiosity, is that simply lowering the head, the engine can go more than 130 km / h.
- Sandler, Paulo César. DKW, a grande história da pequena maravilha. São Paulo: Alaúde Editorial, 2006. 384p. ISBN 85-98497-44-4.
- Manual de instruções do Belcar e da Vemaguet. Vemag Veículos e Máquinas Agrícolas: São Paulo, 1967.
- Marazzi, Expedito. Teste do DKW-Vemag 1000. Revista Quatro Rodas, n.13, p.80-93, 1961.
- Marazzi, Expedito. Teste do Belcar Rio, maior por dentro do que por fora. Revista Quatro Rodas, n.63, p.39-45, 1965.
- Marazzi, Expedito. DKW testado de novo, teste do Belcar de 1967. Revista Quatro Rodas, n.81, p.112-116, 1967.
- Marazzi, Expedito. Teste do Belcar S. Revista Quatro Rodas, n.87, p.97-102, 1967.
- Blue Cloud. Site do Clube DKW Vemag do Brasil, que organiza o Blue Cloud, um encontro anual de colecionadores de DKWs que teve sua quinta edição em setembro de 2007, em Pouso Alto, em Minas Gerais.
- Best Cars Web Site, DKW e Vemag. Site dedicado aos automóveis da DKW e à Vemag, com várias informações históricas e técnicas, várias fotografias sobre os modelos mais comuns no Brasil e ainda com algumas curiosidades.
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