In 1945 was founded in Sao Paulo in the neighborhood of Ipiranga, the Studebaker Automobile Distributor Ltda., To build brand cars Studebaker.
In 1951 starts to assemble trucks Scania Vabis until 1957. In 1954, Ferguson tractors.
In 1952 the company name is changed to Vehicles and Farm Machinery SA, after the merger of the Distributor Studebaker Cars and Elit Farming Equipment and Agricultural Machinery.
On June 16, 1956, President Juscelino Kubitschek signs the decree n.39412 creating the GEIA, Executive Group of the Automotive Industry, which provided incentives to industries involved in the manufacture of automobiles and auto parts.
On November 19, 1956, brings to market the truck DKW F-91 Universal German sedan derived from the F-91 and its woodwagon produced by Auto Union. This truck, however, was assembled in Brazil with parts imported from Germany, but constituted a laboratory for effective local production of automobiles DKW-Vemag, to start in 1958.
In July 1958 he was presented the jeep Candango, derived from the German Munga Jeep and Jeep sold initially as DKW, and months after the sedan are presented (the "Great DKW-Vemag") and Coach (the "wagon DKW"), derived from German F-94, with greatdomestic content. These models were equipped with an engine of 900 cc. The blocks of these engines, fused by Sofunge, constituted the first blocks cast iron castings for automobile engines in Brazil.
In 1963 the production of Candango is closed, mainly because the military showed no interest in their acquisition. Is launched Caiçara, a popular version of the truck Vemaguet, with one-piece rear door opening to the left.
1964 is finally released into the market DKW-Fissore and Vemag Lubrimat. The Vemag had 4,013 employees and an area of just over 87,000 m². Their vehicles already had almost 100% nationalizated.
This year's models Belcar and Vemaguet have changed their doors, they begin to open in the conventional way and not more unlike. The opening mode instead earned them the nickname "suicide doors". This opening mode also gave the models the nickname "dechavê".
In 1965 it launched the series River, in honor of the four hundred years of the founding of the city of Rio de Janeiro. In Europe, the German Volkswagen acquires control of Auto Union, transforming it into an Audi. In Brazil, they settle rumors about the end of production of vehicles and DKW plant closing.
In 1966 he closed the production Caiçara Pracinha replaced by another popular truck-based Vemaguet. The main difference of Caiçara and Pracinha are the doors that now open in the usual sense.
In September 1967, Volkswagen Brazil acquires Vemag promising not to shut down production of its vehicles. In December, however, following a global trend of withdrawal of the two-stroke engine market, the production line is closed.
Sale of VemagEdit
Following the sale of Vemag for Volkswagen in 1967 its former president Lélio Toledo Piza (1913-2008) was appointed by former governor of São Paulo Abreu Sodré for the presidency Banespa - Banco do Estado de São Paulo. Back in 1968, Florianópolis Lélio came to pay a visit to the agency Banespa city. To catch him at the airport Hercílio Light, was designated by the Agency manager to an employee who had recently purchased a 1967 Vemaguet 0 Km tramandaí blue color, very light blue. On landing Lelio and the employee went to the car to keep the bags in the trunk of Vemaguet. Arriving in Vemaguet, Lelio was very embarrassed and smiled embarrassed. Embarked on Vemaguet and headed to the center of Florianópolis. Lelio shyly took the initiative to start a conversation:
- Beautiful Vemaguet!
To which the officer replied:
- Because of you Lelio, I believed in Vemag and bought this Vemaguet 0 Km recently, shortly after you sold the Vemag for Volkswagen and promised that the manufacturing DKW would continue. Now, I have a semi-new devalued car that nobody wants.
Lelio seeing non conformed owner of Vemaguet asked him to pull over and said:
- I'll tell you what happened my son. In 1964 he went to Germany to talk to the president of the German Volkswagen Heinz Nordhoff, since VW had bought the Daimler Benz Group Auto Union, who was the one who gave us the license to produce the DKW in Brazil for 10 years. Arriving there, he warned us that the production of DKW would be closed in Germany that Volkswagen would not renew the lease for the Vemag, grant that ended last year (1967). He offered us a grant of Audi cars, but Vemag was too indebted and DKW cars no longer sold in Brazil, we had working capital to adapt the machinery of the factory for the manufacture of the Audi, so the Vemag was commercially inviable. Then one Sunday I was at the 1966 Jockey Club de São Paulo where he also was the President of Volkswagen of Brazil. Circulating among the guests stood a columnist important social city of São Paulo who came to greet me and asked me if I had any news on the outcome of negotiations with Volkswagen Vemag. I replied that negotiations with Fiat were completed and the entire industrial park Vemag from 1967 would produce Fiat cars in Brazil under the command of FIAT. At the same time this columnist was telling the President of Volkswagen turned white because they are very afraid that FIAT install in Brazil and undermine their hegemony in the Brazilian market. In the 2nd Monday he called and called for a conversation that made a great offer by Vemag, because with the amount we would pay all debts of Vemag and still came out with some money to the company's shareholders. If I had not done that, they would have made a ridiculous proposal by Vemag. During the negotiations they promised would maintain for a period DKW online in Brazil, as well as their spare parts, but unfortunately did not honor their word. Then my son this is what happened.In fact, Volkswagen acquired the Argentine subsidiary that assembled the DKW in Argentina to produce spare parts and delivered to third parties manufacturing products from DKW in Brazil, but the pieces were of poor quality and this eliminated more quickly DKWs of Brazilian streets. The FIAT settled in Brazil in the 70s, in Betim - MG, and in 1977 released his 1st car in Brazil the FIAT 147 that would compete with the Volkswagen Beetle, Volkswagen's flagship in Brazil until the late 70s. And then on the latest automotive history tells the rest, the FIAT sales overcame Volkswagen, and is the market leader for many years in Brazil with innovative cars and well finished. After purchasing the Vemag in 1966, Volkswagen bought Chrysler from Brazil in 1980 and drew the 'Dodge National line : The Polara and Dart line in 1981.
The DKW cars produced by VemagEdit
The Vemag produced a sedan, originally named "Grande DKW-Vemag" and was later baptized as Belcar, a van, which was earlier known only as "van DKW" and that the time was named Vemaguet, derivatives "popular, "the Caiçara and Pracinha, a jeep and a coupe with bodywork designed by Fissore of Italy. These models are described below.
The "Great DKW-Vemag" and BelcarEdit
The sedan model produced by Vemag was released as "Big DKW Vemag" in 1958. He had DKW engine with three-cylinder two-stroke cycle, with a volume of 900 cm ³. It was a relatively comfortable vehicle with four doors and seating for up to six people. Was named "Belcar," whereby all of sedans Vemag are currently known, regardless of their year of production, only in 1961 and was produced until 1967. It is believed that the name "Belcar" derives from the English phrase: beautiful car.It was the first vehicle to be tested by the magazine Quatro Rodas, in 1961, having been tested in 1965 and again in 1967.
The "wagon DKW-Vemag" and VemaguetEdit
The van was also produced between 1958 and 1967, but an earlier version was assembled from 1956. This first version had two rear doors that opened to the sides. The 1958 truck, in turn, had two doors that opened up and down, geometry remained until his last model, Vemaguet S, the last months of 1967. Aesthetically, always followed the sedan and, together, sedan and station wagon, the main products formed Vemag.
The Caiçara and PracinhaEdit
Derivatives "popular" of Vemaguet were produced between 1963 and 1966. The Caiçara had "suicide doors" and was a stripped-down version without the chrome or the finishes of Vemaguet. The Caiçara was sold in only two colors: beige and light blue, with red plastic interior trim. The Pracinha had opening doors "normal" and was produced in much larger quantities. The major difference outer Caiçara and Pracinha with Vemaguet was at the back door, which was made in one piece, opening to the left and had a knob placed on the right side.
The DKW-Vemag CandangoEdit
Jeep Candango was produced between 1958 and 1963, mainly targeting the military market. Munga was based on the Jeep produced by Auto Union in Europe, and its name was chosen in honor of the "candangos", workers who worked on the construction of Brasilia. It was initially offered with permanent four-wheel drive, but after 1960 also had a version with only front wheel drive. Was provided with hardtop, steel, and soft top. The Vemag came to offer it as the "Jeep DKW-Vemag" but had problems with the Willys Overland do Brasil, which holds at the time of the Jeep brand in Brazil.
The DKW-Fissore VemagEdit
The Fissore was launched at the Motor Show 1962, but only came to market in 1964. This delay was mainly due to the characteristics of the project and the improvements in body finish (compared to the initial proposal of Fissore) required by technicians Vemag. Only 2638 copies were produced until 1967. Was considered in his day, the most beautiful domestic car.The engine Fissore left the same production line as the engines of other models. However, as if to give the Fissore a more "sporty", announced that he had the engine S. This engine would 60CV, 50CV instead of the typical engine DKW-Vemag. In fact, the engines passed testing dynamometer and more "able" were selected for Fissore, but usually they yielded little more than 10% above the 50CV announced for the other models.
The Vemag production in NumbersEdit
The following table shows the production of Vemag over the years, restricting the models associated with the DKW. In the first year, 1957, there were only assembled trucks from Germany. This truck was actually released on the market in November 1956. From 1958 began to be produced sedans and vans with reasonable index of nationalization. The year of highest production was 1962 with 15,544 copies delivered. The year with the largest variety of models was 1965 with 15,260 copies and five different models (Belcar, Vemaguet, Fissore and Caiçara popular coaches in the final production, and Pracinha, newly released).
|Year||Sedã (Belcar)||Camioneta (Vemaguet)||Caiçara||Pracinha||Candango||Fissore||TOTAL|
There is controversy regarding the production Fissore. The site of the Club and DKW Vemag the Brazil and own Sandler over your text say 2489 units have been produced, rather than the value shown in this table. Some sources cite two Fissore still delivered in December 1963.It is interesting to note that the production of Vemaguet was greater than the production Belcar the years 1959-1962. If it were added to production Vemaguet the first two years and this number was compared to the production of Belcar in the first year, it could be argued that the production of Vemaguet was greater than the production Belcar until 1962, when the situation was reversed and the sedan was produced year exceeding the truck until the closure of the factory.It is also interesting to note that both the production as the production of Belcar Vemaguet showed increasing annual production by the year 1962, when then ranged close to the values achieved máximoas and began to fall. Began to decline partly because of new models available to (the popular models, first Caiçara and then Pracinha and exquisite Fissore) and partly for the reasons that led to the closure of production.
Other models based on mechanical DKW-VemagEdit
Other Brazilian manufacturers and own Vemag produced sports models or prototypes based on mechanical DKW available in Brazil by Vemag. The Lumimari and then the Puma vehicles and engines offered on the market and Puma GT DKW Malzoni, in addition to releasing a version of Malzoni for competitions. There was also the prototype of the MB, produced by Moldex and presented at the Auto Show in Sao Paulo but was never produced. Finally, the actual produced Vemag Carcará body with a prototype suitable for establishing speed record.
The Malzoni and PumaEdit
The lawyer Rino Malzoni produced in the early 60s, on his farm in São Paulo, one sports car and your taste on the robust mechanical DKW. Berlineta was a two-seater, initially known as DKW-Vemag GT with well suited to the race track and soon received a fiberglass version of the Malzoni GT, and offered for sale in a market that still had few options empolgassem buyers. Over time, the Malzoni received some aesthetic improvements and led to the birth of Puma and Puma DKW Vehicles and Engines. Estimated to have been produced 35 copies of Malzoni GT and 120 copies of DKW Puma.
The Moldex MBEdit
The MB was an automobile produced as a prototype and presented at the Motor Show 1962 in São Paulo. It was a sporty convertible with fiberglass body on the chassis and mechanical DKW-Vemag. He should be provided with an optional hardtop or a soft top or plastic. He had gearshift and center with a radiator but wider and lower, proper body sports. In total, it is estimated that three copies were produced.
The Carcará was designed and built for the sole purpose of establishing a speed record for vehicles with 1000cc engine. He had a streamlined body placed on chassis and mechanical DKW Formula Junior-Vemag. Established the brand of 212.903 km / h on the morning of June 29, 1966, on the road linking the Rio de Janeiro Santos. It was the first brand to Brazilian and South American straight-line speed, in accordance with the regulations of the International Automobile Federation (FIA) and recognized by the Brazilian Automobile. Was produced only one copy
Blue Cloud - page of the Clube DKW Vemag do Brasil, which organizes the Blue Cloud, an annual gathering of collectors DKWs which had its fifth edition in September 2007 in Pouso Alto, Minas Gerais.
Best Cars Web Site, DKW and Vemag, dedicated to the DKW cars and Vemag with various technical and historical information, photographs about the most common models in Brazil and with some curiosities.