The Chase for the Sprint Cup, originally known as "The Chase for the Championship" during its creation, and then "The Chase for the Nextel Cup" (from 2004 to 2007) is the championship system used in NASCAR's top division, the Sprint Cup Series, akin to the postseason in American professional sports leagues. The Chase was announced on January 21, 2004, and first used during the 2004 Nextel Cup season. The format used from 2004 to 2006 was modified slightly starting with the 2007 season. Beginning with the 2008 Sprint Cup Series, the Chase became known by its new name as a result of the merger of Nextel Communications with Sprint Corporation. A major change to the qualifying criteria was instituted in 2011, along with a major change to the points system. As of 2011, the 10-race Chase pits the 10 drivers with the highest "regular season" points, plus the two drivers ranked between 11th and 20th in regular season points who have the most race wins, against each other, while racing in the standard field of 43 cars. The driver with the most points after the final 10 races is declared the champion.
Cup champions (under Chase system)Edit
|Year||Champion||Team||Wins||Top 5||Top 10|
|2004||Kurt Busch||Roush Racing||1||6||9|
|2005||Tony Stewart||Joe Gibbs Racing||5||8||10|
|2006||Jimmie Johnson||Hendrick Motorsports||2||7||8|
|2007||Jimmie Johnson||Hendrick Motorsports||4||6||7|
|2008||Jimmie Johnson||Hendrick Motorsports||3||5||7|
|2009||Jimmie Johnson||Hendrick Motorsports||4||7||9|
|2010||Jimmie Johnson||Hendrick Motorsports||1||7||9|
|2011||Tony Stewart||Stewart-Haas Racing||5||6||8|
|2012||Brad Keselowski||Penske Racing||2||3||8|
|2013||Jimmie Johnson||Hendrick Motorsports||2||7||9|
Seeding and scoringEdit
The current version of the Chase was announced by NASCAR chairman and CEO Brian France on January 26, 2011. The current format marks a major change from the previous format announced January 22, 2007, which in turn modified the original Chase format announced on January 21, 2004. The 2011 change marks the 13th time since 1949 that the point system has been changed.
2004 – 2006Edit
Starting in the 2004 season, after the first 26 races of the season, all drivers in the Top 10 and any others within 400 points of the leader will earn a berth in the Chase. All drivers in the Chase will have their point total adjusted. The first-place driver in the standings begins the chase with 5,050 points; the second-place driver starts with 5,045, etc. Incremental five-point drops continue through the list of title contenders.
2007 – 2010Edit
In 2007, NASCAR expanded the field of contenders to the top 12 drivers in the points standings after the first 26 races. Each drivers' point total reset to 5,000 points, with a ten point bonus for each race won. The provision letting all drivers within 400 points of the leader was dropped.
Brian France explained why NASCAR made the changes to the chase:
"The adjustments taken [Monday] put a greater emphasis on winning races. Winning is what this sport is all about. Nobody likes to see drivers content to finish in the top 10. We want our sport – especially during the Chase – to be more about winning."
2011 – presentEdit
The Chase format was again modified for the 2011 season, as was the point system for winnings. After 26 "regular season" races, the top 10 drivers, as determined by points accumulated during the season, automatically advance to contend for the Cup championship. These drivers are joined by two "wild card" qualifiers, specifically the two drivers ranked from 11th through 20th in drivers' points who have the most regular-season race wins. The 12 drivers' championship points are reset to a base of 2,000 per driver. Each of the 10 automatic qualifiers receives a bonus of 3 points for each win during the regular season, while the two wild card qualifiers receive no bonus. Normal scoring applies during the Chase, with race winners earning 43 base points plus 3 bonus points, all drivers who lead a lap earning 1 bonus point, and the driver who leads the most laps earning 1 bonus point in addition to any other points earned.
As in all previous Chases, the driver with the highest point total at the conclusion of the 10-race Chase is the Sprint Cup champion.
The Chase field has always consisted of 12 drivers since the 2007 rule changes. An exception to this rule was in 2013, where the Chase field was expanded to 13 drivers for that season only as the result of the Singapore Sling match fixing scandal. With seven laps remaining in the Federated Auto Parts 400 at Richmond International Raceway, Clint Bowyer went into a spin, forcing a caution. After the race, rumors abounded that Bowyer had deliberately forced a caution in an attempt to manipulate the finish of the race so as to help his Michael Waltrip Racing (MWR) teammate Martin Truex, Jr. clinch the second of the two Wild Card spots (Kasey Kahne had already clinched the first spot) over Ryan Newman, who had been leading at the moment of caution. That Bowyer's spin had been deliberate had been further suggested by several things: the first was radio communications on Brian Vickers' team with his spotter, MWR general manager Ty Norris, telling him to pit under green on the restart, and that the audio on Bowyer's radio showed crew chief Brian Pattie pointing out Newman taking the lead and then asking a suspicious string of questions mere seconds before Bowyer spun. Furthermore, when interviewed by Dr. Jerry Punch post-race, Dale Earnhardt, Jr., who was directly behind Bowyer, said that Bowyer "just spun out. It was the craziest thing I saw," and that the behavior of Bowyer's car was inconsistent with Bowyer's claim that a right front tire blew out. Vickers' pitting on the restart forced Newman to the back of the pitting cycle, costing him several positions. He ended up finishing third to Carl Edwards and Kurt Busch. By finishing third, Newman was tied with Truex in both wins (one) and final points for the second Wildcard spot. Truex won the tiebreaker on top-five finishes.
The following Monday, September 9, NASCAR issued some of the most severe penalties imposed on a team in Sprint Cup history. MWR was placed on probation for the rest of the season, and Norris was suspended indefinitely. All three MWR teams were docked 50 owner/driver points for "actions detrimental to stock car racing." As this penalty was applied to pre-Chase point totals, it knocked Truex out of the Wildcard spot and put Newman in in his place. NASCAR was unable to find solid evidence that Bowyer's spin was deliberate, but did determine that Norris's order to have Vickers pit was a deliberate attempt to manipulate the Chase standings in Truex's favor. Had the ruse not happened, Newman was on point to win the race, automatically becoming the second wild card and bumping Truex.
The ruse also resulted in a second controversy when radio transmissions were discovered suggesting that Front Row Motorsports and Penske Racing had struck a deal for David Gilliland to give up a spot on the track for Joey Logano, allowing Logano to race his way into the final lock-in position by one point over Jeff Gordon. A second NASCAR inquiry resulted in both teams being placed on probation for the remainder of the year. This ruse was found to have been directly caused by the Safety Car. Had the Safety Car situation for Bowyer's intentional spin not occurred, Gordon would have finished ahead of Logano by one point and Logano would have been bumped by Newman winning the race since Newman would have taken the first Wild Card. Although Logano was allowed to keep his Chase berth, the field was expanded to 13 with the addition of Gordon on September 13. NASCAR chairman Brian France has always had the power to expand the Chase field in exceptional circumstances, and decided to invoke it in this case. In France's view, Gordon had been put at an "unfair disadvantage" due to Penske and Front Row's collusion, as well as MWR's improper instructions to have Vickers pit. Had this not happened, France said, Gordon would have been in the Chase by taking the last lock-in position, while Logano would have received one Wild Card position due to him being ahead of Truex and Newman in points, and Kasey Kahne would have taken the other Wild Card regardless of the race outcome as he had two wins entering Richmond.
Origins of the ChaseEdit
The publicly stated purpose for the NASCAR Chase system was to make the NASCAR mid-season more competitive, and increase fan interest and television ratings. The timing coincides with the commencement of the college and National Football League seasons. Prior to the Chase format, the Cup champion was often determined mathematically long before the end of the NASCAR season; a situation that still exists in the NASCAR Nationwide Series, which does not have a Chase system.
By resetting and compressing the scoring of the top 10 drivers, the chances of each of those ten drivers winning the championship was increased, while not precluding anyone with a legitimate chance of winning (based on the historical analysis that no driver outside the top 10, with 10 races remaining in the season, has ever gone on to win the Championship).
Short track racing, the grassroots of NASCAR, began experimenting with ideas to help the entry-level racer. In 2001, the United Speed Alliance Racing organization, sanctioning body of the USAR Hooters Pro Cup Series, a short-track stock car touring series, devised a five-race system where the top teams in their Hooters ProCup North and Hooters ProCup South divisions would participate in a five-race playoff, the Four Champions, named for the four Hooters Racing staff members (including 1992 NASCAR Winston Cup Series champion Alan Kulwicki) and pilot killed in an April 1, 1993 plane crash in Blountville, Tennessee. The system organized the teams with starting points based on the team's performance in their division (division champions earn a bonus), and the teams would participate in a five-race playoff. The five races, added to the team's seeding points, would determine the winner. The 2001 version was four races, as one was canceled because of the September 11 terrorist attacks; however, NASCAR watched as the ProCup's Four Champions became a success and drivers from the series began looking at NASCAR rides. The idea was to give NASCAR, which was becoming in many areas the fourth-largest sport (after Major League Baseball, the NFL, the NBA and surpassing in some regions the NHL) attention during baseball's road to the World Series and the outset of the pro and college football, NHL and NBA seasons.
"The Matt Kenseth rule"Edit
The Chase has been referred to as "the Matt Kenseth Rule" as a result of Kenseth's championship in the final year of the series with Winston sponsorship in 2003, the year prior to NASCAR adopting the Chase system and Nextel becoming the namesake sponsor. In 2003, Kenseth won the then-Winston Cup series championship despite winning only one race (that being the third race of the year in Las Vegas Motor Speedway) but ending the season with 25 top-ten finishes. In contrast, Ryan Newman won eight races that year (22% of the 36 races run in 2003), but finished sixth in points due to DNFs from crashes. In truth, "the Matt Kenseth Rule" more properly refers to the NASCAR numerical scoring system also implemented for the 2004 season, which increased the points awarded to race winners, thus emphasizing winning in addition to consistency. NASCAR acknowledged that the 2003 championship outcome was not the driving factor in establishment of the Chase, as NASCAR had been researching methods to adjust the points system to put more emphasis on winning races since 2000. However, the coincidence of the commencement of the new format in 2004 and Kenseth's 2003 championship linked the issues, and were even referred to by NASCAR officials in the interviews and press releases following the announcement of the new format.
Chase for the Sprint Cup tracksEdit
The following are the ten race tracks at which the final ten Chase for the Sprint Cup races are run. Texas Motor Speedway (Fort Worth, Texas) was added in 2005 as a result of outcome of the Ferko lawsuit. Prior to this suit, the final three races of the NASCAR season, and thus, the final three race tracks for The Chase, were held at Phoenix International Raceway (Avondale, Arizona), Darlington Raceway (Darlington, South Carolina, eliminated by NASCAR as a result of the lawsuit), and Homestead-Miami Speedway (Homestead, Florida). Also, by way of a 3-way track change, Talladega Superspeedway moved to a later date, Atlanta Motor Speedway moved to the Labor Day weekend date, and Auto Club Speedway moved to a later date inside the Chase (starting 2009).
In 2011, as part of a substantial schedule realignment, a number of further changes occurred in the Chase:
- Auto Club Speedway lost its Chase date.
- Chicagoland Speedway became host of the Chase opener. To accommodate this move, the races at Loudon, Dover, and Kansas all moved back one week.
- Talladega and Martinsville swapped dates.
|Chicagoland Speedway||Joliet, IL||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||1||1||1|
|New Hampshire Motor Speedway||Loudon, NH||1||1||1||1||1||1||1||2||2||2|
|Dover International Speedway||Dover, DE||2||2||2||2||2||2||2||3||3||3|
|Kansas Speedway||Kansas City, KS||4||4||3||3||3||3||3||4||6||4|
|Charlotte Motor Speedway||Concord, NC||5||5||5||5||5||5||5||5||5||5|
|Talladega Superspeedway||Talladega, AL||3||3||4||4||4||7||7||6||4||6|
|Martinsville Speedway||Ridgeway, VA||6||6||6||6||6||6||6||7||7||7|
|Texas Motor Speedway||Fort Worth, TX||-||8||8||8||8||8||8||8||8||8|
|Phoenix International Raceway||Avondale, AZ||8||9||9||9||9||9||9||9||9||9|
|Homestead-Miami Speedway||Homestead, FL||10||10||10||10||10||10||10||10||10||10|
|Atlanta Motor Speedway||Hampton, GA||7||7||7||7||7||-||-||-||-||-|
|Auto Club Speedway||Fontana, CA||-||-||-||-||-||4||4||-||-||-|
|Darlington Raceway||Darlington, SC||9||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
- The North Carolina track was known as Lowe's Motor Speedway from 1999 to 2009. After the 2009 season, Lowe's chose not to renew its sponsorship contract, causing the track to revert to its original name of Charlotte Motor Speedway.
Comparisons of formats of the ChaseEdit
The Chase for the Nextel Cup was created in 2004 by NASCAR when Nextel started to sponsor the series. In the original version of the Chase, following the 26th race of the season, all drivers in the top 10 and any others within 400 points of the leader got a spot in the 10-race season conclusion. Like the current system, drivers in the Chase had their point totals adjusted. However, it was based on the number of points at the conclusion of the 26th race. The first-place driver in the standings led with 5,050 points; the second-place driver started with 5,045. Incremental five-point drops continued through 10th place with 5,005 points. In addition, drivers received 180 points for winning a race, 5 bonus points for leading the most laps, and 5 bonus for leading a single lap.
The current points system implemented in 2011 determines The Chase by selecting the top 10 drivers points positions followed by 2 additional drivers with the most wins in points positions 11 through 20 after 26 races. These 12 drivers have their points set to 2000; the top 10 drivers are given 3 bonus points for each win they had during the first 26 races.
2004 to 2010 results under the 2011 systemEdit
Actual Winner in Bold.
2006 Chase contenders and seedings in 2006 and 2007 systemsEdit
Old Points System – 2006 Pre Chase Seedings
Old Points System – 2006 Pre Chase Seedings, using 2007 format
The most evident shift in the Chase seeding which reflects the emphasis on winning of the 2007 format, is Kasey Kahne who, under the 2006 system entered the Chase in 10th place, with 5000 points. Had the 2007 format been in place in 2006, Kahne's 5 wins would have placed him first in the Chase seeding.
Non-Chase system championsEdit
- 2004: Jeff Gordon would have his 5th career title and the 6th title for car owner Rick Hendrick.
- 2005: Tony Stewart, first driver in NASCAR history to win both old points format and Chase system, would win either way.
- 2006: Jimmie Johnson would win the title either way in 2006.
- 2007: Jeff Gordon would have won his 6th career title – the 8th title for Hendrick and three of the last four. Wins by over 350 points.
- 2008: Carl Edwards would have dethroned Johnson by 16 points for first title.
- 2009: Jimmie Johnson would get second title beating Gordon by 66 points. 4 of the last 6 for Hendrick.
- 2010: Kevin Harvick dominated the entire season beating Johnson by over 200 points.
- 2011: With the new 2011 season's points format, Carl Edwards takes 2nd title in four seasons after clinching title at Phoenix after finishing 2nd to Kasey Kahne.
- 2012: Brad Keselowski beats Greg Biffle by 19 points, while Jimmie Johnson still finishes third, 28 points behind.
- 2013: Jimmie Johnson wins his third championship by 41 points over Kevin Harvick and 56 points over Matt Kenseth.
Template:Unreferenced section The Chase format has taken some criticism. First, manyTemplate:Who are upset that the driver leading the points before the re-adjustment often loses the points lead with the most recent format. SomeTemplate:Who would like to see the "regular season champion" get some kind of reward. Also, many have criticized the tracks of which the Chase is held, most notably the fact that four of the ten races are held at intermediate (1.5 mile) tracks, yet no races are held at the road courses of Sonoma and Watkins Glen. SomeTemplate:Who also criticize the inclusion of Talladega in the chase; as a restrictor plate track, Talladega is too unpredictable and too dangerous for inclusion in the chase. Others have noted that the current races (with a couple exceptions due to NASCAR Realignment and a lawsuit) only got Chase races as they were the ten races at the end of the schedule when the format was adopted (the original format had two classic races, Atlanta in the fall and the prestigious fourth major, the Mountain Dew Southern 500, moved to November, instead of new races in Fontana and Texas as currently on the schedule). Another criticism was that most of the tracks were the tracks that Jimmie Johnson had the best finishing record (even though Johnson was only a third-year driver when the Chase began, of Johnson's Chase wins, he has won nine different Chase races since the Chase began – Dover, Kansas, Fontana, Charlotte, Martinsville, Texas, Phoenix, and former Chase races in Atlanta and Darlington), thus giving Johnson an unfair advantage. Critics would like to see the races rotate year-to-year, similar to the Super Bowl venue.
Driver appearances in the ChaseEdit
- As of the 2013 Ford EcoBoost 400
- Green = In the 2013 Chase
- Bold = Retired or no longer a full-time competitor
- Make, number and team in most recent Chase appearance
|Rank||Driver||Times||Best Finish||First Year||Manufacturer||Template:Tooltip||Team||Template:Tooltip||Top 5||Top 10||Races|
|1||Jimmie Johnson||10||1st||2004||Chevrolet||48||Hendrick Motorsports||24||56||74||100|
|2||Jeff Gordon||9||2nd||2004||Chevrolet||24||Hendrick Motorsports||5||37||60||100|
|3||Matt Kenseth||9||2nd||2004||Toyota||20||Joe Gibbs Racing||6||35||47||100|
|4||Tony Stewart||8||1st||2004||Chevrolet||14||Stewart Haas Racing||11||26||46||90|
|5||Kurt Busch||7||1st||2004||Chevrolet||78||Furniture Row Racing||3||20||42||98|
|6||Carl Edwards||7||2nd||2005||Ford||99||Roush Fenway Racing||8||32||51||99|
|7||Denny Hamlin||7||2nd||2006||Toyota||11||Joe Gibbs Racing||6||24||42||87|
|8||Kevin Harvick||7||3rd||2006||Chevrolet||29||Richard Childress Racing||5||20||56||100|
|9||Greg Biffle||6||2nd||2005||Ford||16||Roush Fenway Racing||7||28||43||100|
|10||Kyle Busch||6||4th||2006||Toyota||18||Joe Gibbs Racing||1||27||41||92|
|11||Dale Earnhardt, Jr.||6||5th||2004||Chevrolet||88||Hendrick Motorsports||2||18||35||98|
|12||Clint Bowyer||5||2nd||2007||Toyota||15||Michael Waltrip Racing||5||17||44||80|
|13||Ryan Newman||5||6th||2004||Chevrolet||39||Stewart Haas Racing||2||16||38||100|
|14||Mark Martin||4||2nd||2004||Chevrolet||5||Hendrick Motorsports||2||20||33||88|
|15||Kasey Kahne||4||4th||2006||Chevrolet||5||Hendrick Motorsports||2||24||36||100|
|16||Jeff Burton||4||6th||2006||Chevrolet||31||Richard Childress Racing||2||15||34||100|
|17||Brad Keselowski||2||1st||2011||Dodge||2||Penske Racing||3||9||20||48|
|18||Jeremy Mayfield||2||9th||2004||Dodge||19||Evernham Motorsports||0||1||5||27|
|19||Martin Truex, Jr.||2||11th||2007||Toyota||56||Michael Waltrip Racing||0||8||28||85|
|20||Rusty Wallace||1||8th||2005||Dodge||2||Penske Racing||0||1||6||20|
|21||Juan Pablo Montoya||1||8th||2009||Chevrolet||42||Earnhardt Ganassi Racing||0||6||11||71|
|22||Joey Logano||1||8th||2013||Ford||22||Penske Racing||0||9||17||53|
|23||Elliott Sadler||1||9th||2004||Ford||38||Robert Yates Racing||0||1||12||74|
|24||Brian Vickers||1||12th||2009||Toyota||83||Team Red Bull||1||4||12||74|
Non-Chase drivers to win a Chase raceEdit
As of the 2013 season, 100 Chase events have been raced. Of these, 18 of the Chase races were won by drivers who were not in the Chase for the Sprint Cup that year (drivers shown in pink have never been Chase participants).
- 2012 Chase for the Sprint Cup
- 2011 Chase for the Sprint Cup
- 2010 Chase for the Sprint Cup
- 2009 Chase for the Sprint Cup
- 2008 Chase for the Sprint Cup
- 2007 Chase for the NEXTEL Cup
- 2006 Chase for the NEXTEL Cup
- 2005 Chase for the NEXTEL Cup
- 2004 Chase for the NEXTEL Cup
- ↑ Sporting News Wire Service (February 7, 2008). "Predicting the 2008 Chase for the Cup champ?". NASCAR.com. http://www.nascar.com/2008/news/headlines/cup/02/07/jgordon.cup.predictions/index.html. Retrieved July 19, 2012.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 "New playoff structure announced". NASCAR.com. January 20, 2004. http://www.nascar.com/2004/news/headlines/cup/01/20/points_revision/index.html. Retrieved July 19, 2012.
- ↑ Changes for 2011 include emphasis on winning – Jan 26, 2011 (Press release). NASCAR. November 28, 2010. http://www.nascar.com/news/110126/nascar-rules-changes/index.html. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
- ↑ "10-race Chase for the Cup crowns series champ". NASCAR 101. NASCAR. January 28, 2011. http://www.nascar.com/news/110128/chase-format/index.html. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
- ↑ "Jeff Gordon added to Chase after NASCAR investigation"
- ↑ AMS to swap dates with Auto Club SpeedwayTemplate:Dead link
- ↑ 2011 NASCAR Schedule (Press release). NASCAR. August 18, 2010. http://www.nascar.com/2010/news/headlines/official/08/18/2011.nascar.cup.nationwide.truck.schedule/index.html. Retrieved September 17, 2010.
- ↑ "Races – Standings". NASCAR.com. http://www.nascar.com/races/cup/2004/data/standings_whatif.html. Retrieved July 19, 2012.
- ↑ "Races – Standings". NASCAR.com. http://www.nascar.com/races/cup/2005/data/standings_whatif.html. Retrieved July 19, 2012.
- ↑ "Nascar.Com". Nascar.Com. http://www.nascar.com/races/cup/2006/data/standings_whatif.html. Retrieved July 19, 2012.
- ↑ "Nascar.Com". Nascar.Com. http://www.nascar.com/races/cup/2007/data/standings_whatif.html. Retrieved July 19, 2012.
- ↑ "Nascar.Com". Nascar.Com. http://www.nascar.com/races/cup/2008/data/standings_whatif.html. Retrieved July 19, 2012.
- ↑ "Nascar.Com". Nascar.Com. http://www.nascar.com/races/cup/2009/data/standings_whatif.html. Retrieved July 19, 2012.
- ↑ "Nascar.Com". Nascar.Com. http://www.nascar.com/races/cup/2010/data/standings_whatif.html. Retrieved July 19, 2012.
- ↑ "2011 Ford 400". Racing-Reference.info. November 20, 2011. http://racing-reference.info/race/2011_Ford_400/W. Retrieved July 19, 2012.
- ↑ "2012 Ford EcoBoost 400". Racing-Reference.info. November 18, 2012. http://www.racing-reference.info/race/2012_Ford_EcoBoost_400/W. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
- ↑ "UNOFFICIAL 2013 Sprint Cup Driver Championship Points Standings without Chase". Jayski. November 17, 2013. http://www.jayski.com/cupnews.htm#classic. Retrieved November 17, 2013.
- NASCAR.com Sprint Cup Series Official Site
- (2004–06) Point system explained – NASCAR.com
- It's a little complicated, but it just might work – NASCAR.com
- (2007) Changes announced to points system and Chase – NASCAR.com
- New points would have affected some title races – NASCAR.com
- The Chase for the Sprint Cup 2010 overview – NASCAR-EUROPE.net