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Caddy Deville 2005
Cadillac Deville
Cadillac
aka Type aka here, not up there
Production 1949–2005
Class Full-size luxury car
Body Style 2-door coupe
2-door convertible
4-door sedan
Length length - type here
Width Width - type here
Height Height - type here
Wheelbase wheelbase - type here
Weight Weight - you get the point
Transmission transmission + drive
Engine engine
Power N/A hp @ N/A rpm
N/A lb-ft of torque @ N/A rpm
Similar Chrysler New Yorker
Lincoln Continental
Designer Designer (lead designer if it was a team effort)

The DeVille (also De Ville and de Ville) name has been used on many of Cadillac's luxury car models. After the Fleetwood was dropped from the Cadillac lineup the DeVille became the largest Cadillac sedan. The DeVille name was replaced by DTS (DeVille Touring Sedan) for the 2006 model year.

HistoryEdit

The name "DeVille" (Town Car in English) derives its name from its body styling, which featured an open chauffeur's compartment and enclosed passenger compartment. This configuration elevated the vehicle from mere transportation to a bona fide status symbol. "Town Car" was first used by Lincoln in 1922 to describe a one-off vehicle built for Henry Ford. (see http://www.lincoln.com/about/ ) The first Cadillac to bear the name was the 1949 Coupe De Ville, with a 4-door hardtop version appearing in 1956. Both cars were based on the Series 62. Beginning in 1965, DeVille denoted Cadillac's mainstream model, falling between the Calais and the Fleetwood.

For 1968, the DeVille gained slight exterior changes to comply with new federal safety and emissions legislation, and as with the rest of the Cadillac lineup, a new 472 in³ (7.7 L) V8 engine rated at 375 hp (sae gross).

In November 1971, a showroom-stock 1971 Coupe deVille placed third in the annual coast-to-coast Cannonball Run, posting the highest average speed of the event, 84.6 mph (excluding stops) and averaging 8.9 miles per gallon.

1977–1984Edit

In 1977, the first generation of downsized Cadillacs included mechanically similar DeVilles and Fleetwoods, with the latter still occupying the top of the lineup. The models differed in minor trim, interior upholstery & equipment levels. These were the first DeVille models to be marketed without fender skirts over the rear wheels.

The big 500 in³ V8 was gone, replaced by a 425 in³ engine. This engine was replaced by the 368 in³ V8-6-4 for 1980, and the 350 in³ LF9 diesel V8 was now an option. Reliability problems with the V8-6-4 engine's computer controls prompted Cadillac to rush their new aluminum-block HT series engine into production for 1982.

1985–1993Edit

In 1985, the second generatioanded to 4.5 L for 1988. A 4.9 L version, the largest of this type, was introduced in 1991.

From 1986 through 1992, Fleetwood was an option package on the DeVille. The Coupe de Ville was dropped after this generation.

The sedan version lasted through one more redesign in 2000 before being replaced by the DTS (stands for DeVille Touring Sedan) for 2006.

1994–1999Edit

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Width {{{Width}}}
Height {{{Height}}}
Wheelbase {{{Wheelbase}}}
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For 1994, the DeVille was redesigned to share the K-body platform with the Seville. The body was redesigned and the wheelbase grew to 113.8 in rather than the 111 in used on the Seville. Production moved to Hamtramck, Michigan.

The DeVille Concours was available with the new 270 hp (201 kW) LD8 Northstar V8, while lesser models retained the HT-4900 until 1996. That year, the base model took on the lower-output Northstar while the Concours moved up to the high-output L37 Northstar, with 300 hp. The DeVille Concours replaced the 1993-only Cadillac Sixty Special.

The DeVille received a minor redesign for the 1997 model year, while it got the d'Elegance trim line to replace the Cadillac Fleetwood. New headlights and a new grille were added, the rear wheel skirts were removed, and the black/chrome trim was replaced by a double chrome trim in the base Deville, chrome and gold trim in the d'Elegance and chrome and body colored trim in the Concours. The name was shortened from Sedan deVille to DeVille. The interior gained a new dashboard design that hid the passenger airbag seams and new door panels with front side-airbags and the availability of OnStar system.

Model Year Engine Power Torque
Base1994–19954.9 L HT-4900 V8200 hp (149 kW)
1996–19994.6 L LD8 Northstar V8275 hp (205 kW) at 5750 rpm275 ft·lbf (373 N·m) at 4750 rpm
Concours19944.6 L LD8 Northstar V8270 hp (201 kW)300 ft·lbf (407 N·m)
1995275 hp (205 kW) at 5750 rpm275 ft·lbf (373 N·m) at 4750 rpm
1996–19994.6 L L37 Northstar V8300 hp (224 kW) at 6000 rpm295 ft·lbf (400 N·m) at 4400 rpm

2006Edit

See Cadillac DTS

For the 2006 model year the Cadillac DeVille nameplate, but not the car itself, was replaced by the Cadillac DTS. This is in fact an abbreviation of "DeVille Touring Sedan", a name that dates back to 1985 when it was used for the optional touring package that eventually became its own model. This follows the same naming pattern as the CTS ("Catera Touring Sedan"), STS ("Seville Touring Sedan") and ETC ("Eldorado Touring Coupe"), although the ETC is no longer produced. The last DeVille rolled off the Detroit/Hamtramck Assembly line on June 23, 2005.

TechnologyEdit

As GM's top of the line sedan, DeVilles feature class leading automotive technology. For example, it was one of the first cars to feature airbags, night-vision technology, XM Satellite Radio, OnStar roadside assistance, etc.

The DeVille's Raytheon night vision system was particularly notable. It was the first thermal imaging night vision system offered as original equipment by an auto manufacturer. It was introduced in the 2000 model and sold well with over 7,000 buyers. Sales fell quickly, however, and only 600 systems were sold for 2004. It was dropped in September of that year with just 145 units installed in 2005 vehicles before its demise.

DeVilles are also a popular conversion chassis, most commonly as limousines and hearses, however the Lincoln Town Car is more commonly used as a limousine chassis due to its rear wheel drive and body on frame architecture, which provides a more rigid chassis for a long car. Additionally, a conventional rear wheel drive car is cheaper to maintain in fleets.

Trivia Edit

Massachusetts Governor Deval Patrick has the DeVille as his official car. The choice of car was recommended by the Massachusetts State Police for use, security system, and the exterior color. The controversy was spurred over the $38,000 choice than former Governor Mitt Romney's Ford Crown Victoria. The excuse was "...they don't make that model anymore." He is currently paying half the lease personally as reimbursement. Lt. Gov. Tim Murray is using Kerry Healey's old Crown Vic for Greater Boston travel and rides the MBTA Commuter Rail to and from work and his Worcester home.


AwardsEdit

  • 2003 J.D. Power Initial Quality Study 4th winner (Mid luxury)

See alsoEdit


07cadillacdts2
CADILLAC

General Motors Company


Buick | Cadillac | Chevrolet | GMC | Holden | Hummer | Opel | Vauxhall | Daewoo


Current

UDSM: CTS · STS · SRX · Escalade · Escalade Hybrid · ATS

(Europe/Asia): SLS (Asia only) · STS (Europe Only) · CTS · SRX · Escalade

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CTS-V · STS-V · XLR-V

Historic

XLR · BLS (Europe only) · Deville · Seville · Cimarron · Eldorado · Fleetwood · V16 · Type 57 · Brougham · Series 60 · Series 75 · Sixty Special · Fleetwood Brougham · Catera · Model A · Allanté · Model 30 · Eldorado Brougham · Seville Elegante · Calais · Series 62 · Eldorado Seville · Model B · Model F · Series 341 · Series 70 · Series 61 · Series 355 · 355-A · Series 63 · Type 59 · Type 61 · Type V-63 · Series 314 · Castilian · Fleetwood Eldorado · Series 67 · Series 90 · Series 72 · Series 65 · Series 85 · DTS · · ·

Concept

EcoJet · Sixteen · Cien · Evoq · Vizon · Cyclone · Le Mans · Orleans · Debutante Concept · V16 Aero Coupe · Caribbean · Coupe de Ville · El Rancho · Embassy · Debutante · Bill Boyer Custom Roadster · Eldorado Concept · Townsman · El Camino · La Espada · Park Avenue · Celebrity · XP-38 Eldorado Brougham · La Salle II · Eldorado St. Moritz · Westchester · Castilian · Gala · Maharani · Palomino · Eldorado Brougham (1956) · Eldorado Brougham Town Car · Director · "Rain Car" · Eldorado Seville · Phaeton · Florentine · Aurora · CART-PPG · Voyage · Solitaire · Imaj · Eldorado Brougham Jacqueline · Starlight · Ghia Coupe · Osceola · Provoq Concept · CTS Coupe Concept · Converj · XTS Platinum Concept · Aera Concept · Urban Luxury Concept

Racing

Northstar LMP · CTS-V Coupe SCCA


Cadillac V-Series · Cadillac One


William Murphy and Lemuel Bowen Corporate website A division of General Motors


External linksEdit


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