The CTS is Cadillac's entry-level luxury sports sedan. It was first introduced in 2002 as a 2003 model, replacing the Cadillac Catera. Among its rivals include/d the Audi A4, BMW 3 Series, Jaguar X-Type and the Mercedes-Benz C-Class. The CTS range was further bolstered by the introduction of the V-series in 2004 with the CTS-V. The V-series has since become a Cadillac mainstay expanding to the STS and XLR models. In 2009, the range was expanded to include a Sport Wagon version followed by the introduction of the Coupe a year later.
See Autopedia's comprehensive Cadillac CTS Review.
- Cadillac completes its CTS performance lineup with the introduction of the CTS-V Sport Wagon at the 2010 New York Auto Show. Like its sedan and coupe siblings, the Sport Wagon is powered by a 556-horsepower 6.2 liter LSA V8. It is aimed directly at the likes of the M5 Wagon, E63 AMG Wagon and RS6 Avant. 
- At the 2008 Pebble Beach Concours d' Elegance, Cadillac revealed the 2010 CTS Sport Wagon. The station wagon CTS will be notable for introducing a diesel option in the form of a 2.9 litre DOHC 4-valve V6 which produces 250hp (184 kW) and 406lb-ft (550Nm) of torque. The downside is that the oil-burner will only be available in non-US markets. 
- For Halloween 2007, Cadillac unveiled the 2008 CTS Sport at SEMA. Motivation will come from a production-spec 304hp 3.6L direct-injection V6 that exhales through a Corsa high-flow exhaust system with 3.5in tailpipes while stopping will be handled by uprated brakes with painted calipers and drilled and slotted rotors. Inside, the car will include amenities such as sporty Recaro seats, BlueConnect Bluetooth system and carbon-fiber interior trim pieces. 
- Cosmetically, the CTS hasn't changed much since it was introduced in 2003. For 2007, this remains true, but notably, the addition of a "Sport" model with a Cadillac Sixteen style mesh grill.
Styles and Major OptionsEdit
The CTS comes in a base model, a Sport trim, and the V-Series CTS-V. While the Base model comes in a choice of either a 2.8L 210hp V6 or a 3.6L 255hp V6, the Sport only comes in the latter, and the CTS-V is equipped with a more powerful 6.0L 400hp V8. All are equipped with a standard 6-speed manual transmission and rear wheel drive. There is no automatic transmission option for the CTS-V, and none of them is available in four wheel drive. Some of the standout features include:
- 16" painted alloy wheels
- 8-way power driver (4-way passenger) front seat
- Leather seating
- Genuine wood dashboard insert and shift knob
- Dual zone front automatic air conditioning
- 7-speaker Delphi AM/FM/XM/CD audio system w/automatic equalizer
- Cruise control
Adds to or replaces Base features with:
- Engine upgrade
- Sport suspension
- StabiliTrak electronic stability control
- 18" polished alloy wheels
- Rocker panel extensions
- Body colored grille moldings w/stainless steel insert
Adds to or replaces Sport features with:
- Engine upgrade
- Heated front seats with driver memory
- Simulated suede/leather interior trim
- Leather/metal-look shift knob and steering wheel
- Express open/close sunroof
- 8-speaker Bose AM/FM/XM NavTraffic/in-dash 6CD audio system
- Homelink Wireless Control System
- Entertainment system w/DVD
- Navigation system
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|CTS Sedan Trims|
|Base RWD Sedan||Base AWD Sedan||Luxury RWD Sedan||Luxury AWD Sedan||Performance RWD Sedan||Performance AWD Sedan||3.6L Base RWD Sedan||3.6L Base AWD Sedan||Premium RWD Sedan||Premium AWD Sedan|
|CTS Sport Wagon Trims|
|Base RWD Sport Wagon||Base AWD Sport Wagon||Luxury RWD Sport Wagon||Luxury AWD Sport Wagon||Performance Collection RWD Sport Wagon||Performance Collection AWD Sport Wagon||Performance RWD Sport Wagon||Performance AWD Sport Wagon||Premium RWD Sport Wagon||Premium AWD Sport Wagon|
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As seen on the FuelEconomy.gov website, the City/Highway MPG averages are as follows:
Engine and TransmissionEdit
Specifications, details, graphs, pictures and other information regarding the powertrain is placed in this section.
Please make sure to write information of the vehicle's performance in a third-person point of view. This section should include information about the car's acceleration figures, handling, braking, etc.
If using information gathered from Road Test articles from a reputable automotive source, then please make sure to cite the quote.
According to Consumer Reports, "reliability is average" for the CTS. Automotive Information Systems, however, in assessing long-term reliability of the 2004 model, granted the CTS its highest mark with an overall Green rating, indicating minimal problems in all categories.
- RECALL ALERT: On November 25, 2007, GM issued a recall for 9,648 MY 2007 Cadillac CTS' due to lack of compliance with the requirements of Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 118, 'Power Operated Window, Partition, and Roof Panel Systems.' 
- RECALL ALERT: On December 23, 2010, Cadillac issued a recall affecting 95,927 Cadillac CTS sedans from the MY2005 to MY2007 over faulty passenger sensing systems in the front passenger seat. According to NHTSA, repeated flexing of this sensor mat can cause it to kink, bend or fold, which can sever the connections of the mat's sensors to safety devices within the car. Most specifically, a damaged sensor may not be able to detect the presence of a front seat passenger and could disable the air bag, increasing the risk of injury in a crash. GM has not yet notified NHTSA of when the recall is expected to ramp up, but owners may contact the automaker with any questions prior to receiving the official notice. Dealerships will replace the passenger sensing system free of charge. 
The 2007 CTS fared well in safety tests carried out by the NHTSA. In tests for front-impact, front seat side-impact, and rollover, it received 4-Star ratings, and for rear seat side-impact crash tests, it received a 5-Star rating. Some of the standard safety equipment found on the CTS includes:
- Traction control
- Front and rear anti-roll bars
- Four wheel anti-lock brakes
- Driver/passenger front-impact airbags
- Driver/passenger seat mounted airbags
- 1st/2nd row overhead airbags
- Occupancy sensors
- Side impact bars
CTS Sport Wagon
Available colors will vary by trim, and a complete list is viewable at CarsDirect.com. Some of the available choices include:
- Black Raven
- Blue Chip
- Gold Mist
- Light Platinum
- Thunder Gray
- White Diamond
- Light Gray
- Light Gray/Ebony
There are no hybrid models of the CTS currently in production.
According to Kelley Blue Book, "as for long-term value, the CTS is making gains but overall resale figures remain below those of competitors such as the Audi A4, BMW 3 Series, Infiniti G35, Lexus ES and Mercedes-Benz C-Class."
The following comment has to dated/old, and surely not for 3.6L model. 3.6L has 256 foot-pounds of torque at 3250 rpm.
- "However, with only 220 horsepower on tap, not reachable until 6000 rpm, and 218 foot-pounds of torque available at best, it will not thrill any driver who has had previous experience in a German or Japanese V6 of the same displacement." - New Car Test Drive
- "If Cadillac wants to steal customers away from BMW and Audi, it's going to need a more polished cabin than this." - Edmunds.com
- "The CTS' edgy, angular styling may not appeal to you if you've become accustomed to Cadillac cars over the last 30 years. Ditto its taut handling and controlled ride. Unlike many of its competitors, the CTS does not offer the option of all-wheel drive." - Kelley Blue Book
2008 models recently announced availability of AWD.
- "Its steering felt a bit slow to turn in, and the shifter was sloppy to operate." - Autoweek
None of the recent reviews mentioned this. Seems the comment is dated.
Current Generation - (2014-Present)Edit
On March 26, 2013, Cadillac unveiled the third generation of the CTS. The 2014 CTS uses the 2.0L turbocharged I4 and 3.6L V6 from the ATS and also offers an all-new twin turbocharged V6 producing 420 horsepower (313 kW) and 430 lb·ft (583 N·m) of torque. The twin turbocharged engine is only available in the CTS Vsport, a new trim that serves as a step between the 3.6L V6 and the high-performance CTS-V.
Despite carrying the CTS name, the third generation model is actually closer in size and market position to the former STS.
Bob Boniface and Robin Krieg designed the exterior of the third generation CTS. Eric Clough designed the interior.
General Motors began assembling 2014 CTS sedans intended for sale to customers on 16 September 2013. Sales began in October 2013.
Motor Trend named the third-generation CTS its 2014 Car of the Year. As customary with award winners, the magazine acquired a CTS (in Vsport trim) for a long-term test. Its verdict lauded the car's driving dynamics and reliability but criticized its CUE multi-media interface.
In a four-way comparison in the December 2013 issue of Car and Driver the 2014 CTS 3.6 placed second overall. The article praised the handling of the CTS stating "[The CTS] is the only car in this group that didn't just put up with hard driving, it indeed goaded its driver to go faster." and praised the stopping ability, stiff structure and light weight of the car. The article criticized the engine for being "coarse in the upper ranges", the acceleration times, the fuel economy and the CUE entertainment system.
Consumers were less enthusiastic about the car due in part to its notably higher sticker price versus the previous generation CTS sedan. Sales concerns forced Cadillac to apply significant rebates to the 2014 models and lower sticker prices on the 2015 models.
All engines available in the 2014 CTS are constructed from cast aluminum blocks and heads and utilize direct injection and variable valve timing.
For the 2016 model year, the 6-speed 6L45 automatic transmission was replaced by the new 8-speed 8L45 automatic transmission, with the 8L45 also taking over duties with the naturally aspirated 3.6L V6 from the 8-speed Aisin TL-80SN automatic transmission. V-Sport models will continue to use the 8-speed Aisin TL-80SN. A new 3.6L V6, the LGX, replaced the 3.6L V6 LFX.
|2014 Cadillac CTS Powertrains|
|Displacement||Fuel||GM Type||Configuration||Aspiration||Power||Torque||Layouts||Transmissions||Model Years|
|Gasoline||LTG||I-4||Turbocharged||272 hp (203 kW) @ 5500 rpm||295 lb·ft (400 N·m) @ 1700–5500 rpm||FR, F4 (optional)||6-speed automatic||2014–|
|Gasoline||LFX||V6||Natural||321 hp (239 kW) @ 6800 rpm||274 lb·ft (371 N·m) @ 4800 rpm||FR, F4 (optional)||6-speed automatic,|
8-speed automatic (optional – RWD only)
|Gasoline||LGX||V6||Natural||335 hp (250 kW) @ 6800 rpm||285 lb·ft (386 N·m) @ 5300 rpm||FR, F4 (optional)||8-speed automatic||2016–|
|Gasoline||LF3||V6||Twin turbocharged||420 hp (310 kW) @ 5750 rpm||430 lb·ft (583 N·m) @ 3500–4500 rpm||FR||8-speed automatic||2014–|
2nd generation (2008–2013) Edit
On April 2, 2006, in a 60 Minutes interview with Bob Lutz, part of a prototype Cadillac was revealed to audiences. The car featured interior and exterior design influences from the 2003 Cadillac Sixteen concept car.
GM revealed the all-new 2008 CTS at the North American International Auto Show in January 2007. The base model featured a 3.6 L variable valve timing V6 with 258 hp (192 kW) and 252 lb·ft (342 N·m) of torque. A second engine, a new 3.6 L LLT direct-injection V6 VVT engine with 304 hp (227 kW) and 274 foot-pounds force (371 N·m) of torque was also offered. The new car came with a six-speed manual transmission as standard equipment, with GM's six-speed Hydra-matic 6L50 automatic transmission available as an option on all variants. On-demand all-wheel drive was offered with both engines when equipped with an automatic transmission. Suspension, braking, and steering improvements from the previous generation CTS-V were designed into the new standard CTS.
The second generation was wider and longer than the original, measuring 191.6 inches (4866 mm) long, 72.5 inches (1841 mm) wide and 58 inches (1472 mm) in height. Wheelbase remained unchanged at 113.4 inches (2880 mm), but with a wider front/rear track of 61.8 / 62.0 inches (1575 / 1585 mm), donated by the larger STS. Other changes included a revamped exterior, with a new, larger grille, slimmer headlights and taillights, side air extractor vents located forward of the front doors, and new nine-spoke 18-inch wheels, surrounding larger high-performance brake calipers and rotors. Available features on the second-gen CTS included a Bose 5.1 surround sound system, GM's Stabilitrak ESC system, a tire pressure monitoring system, a navigation system with real-time traffic and weather data, an integrated 40 GB hard drive for music storage, swiveling headlights, and remote starting.
In 2008, the CTS was selected as the car that would re-launch the Cadillac brand in Australia and New Zealand.
First Generation/Origins: (2003–2007)Edit
Introduced in 2002 for the 2003 model year, the CTS rode on General Motors' new Sigma rear wheel drive architecture. It was a return to rear wheel drive, as well as being the first Cadillac with a manual transmission since the 1988 Cimarron. It replaced the compact rear wheel drive Catera. The CTS was nominated for the North American Car of the Year award for 2002. The CTS is built at Cadillac's Lansing Grand River plant in Lansing, Michigan.
Originally powered by a 3.2 L LA3 V6 producing 220 hp (164 kW), the CTS received a 3.6 L DOHC V6 with variable valve timing in 2004, producing 255 hp (190 kW) and 252 ft·lbf (342 N·m) of torque. The 3.2 L engine went out of production in 2005, when a new 2.8 L version of the DOHC 3.6 debuted in an entry-level version of the CTS. In Europe, the 2.8 L replaces the previous entry level 2.6 L.
|2003–2004||CTS||3.2 L (3175 cc) LA3 V6||220 hp (164 kW) at 6000 rpm||220 ft·lbf (298 N·m) at 3400 rpm|
|2004–||3.6 L (3564 cc) LY7||255 hp (190 kW) at 6200 rpm||252 ft·lbf (342 N·m) at 3100 rpm|
|2005–||2.8 L (2792 cc) LP1 V6||210 hp (157 kW) at 6500 rpm||194 ft·lbf (263 N·m) at 3300 rpm|
|2004–2005||CTS-V||5.7 L (5710 cc) LS6 V8||400 hp (298 kW) at 6000 rpm||395 ft·lbf (536 N·m) at 4400 rpm|
|2006–||CTS-V||6.0 L (5970 cc) LS2 V8||400 hp (298 kW) at 6000 rpm||395 ft·lbf (536 N·m) at 4400 rpm|
The CTS-V will be updated for 2007 with a revised suspension under a wider body.
Design quirks and odditiesEdit
The CTS was featured extensively in the car chase sequence of the film The Matrix Reloaded (2003), along with the Cadillac Escalade EXT. The first public photographs of the car were actually smuggled off the set of this film.
- 2003 J.D. Power Initial Quality Study 2nd winner (Entry luxury)
- 2008 Motor Trend Car of The Year
- 2008 Car and Driver's 10Best Cars list
- 2009 Car and Driver 10 Best cars list for a second consecutive year
- 2010 Car and Driver 10 best list for a third consecutive year
- It has been revealed that the next-generation CTS-V will have the internal codename GMX322 V S/C.
|Cadillac road car timeline, 1930s-present edit|
|Full-size||Coupe de Ville/Sedan DeVille||DTS|
|60S||Sixty Special Fleetwood||Flwd60S||Fleetwood||Fleetwood Brougham|
|Limousine||355||72/75/85||Series 75||6700||Fleetwood 75||FL||FB||Brougham|
- Cadillac CTS Homepage
News & References
- Leaked: 2009 Cadillac CTS-V
- Pebble Beach 2008: Cadillac unveils 2010 CTS Sport Wagon
- Cadillac reveals 2010 CTS ‘Sport Wagon’ at Pebble Beach Concours d’Elegance, confirms diesel option
- 2010 Cadillac CTS Sport Wagon Shows Off Hot Rear End Ahead Of Pebble Beach Reveal
- New 556 HP Cadillac CTS-V Price To Start At $59,995
- Cadillac CTS Sport Wagon: New Photo Gallery
- Fast Connection: Cadillac adds WiFi to CTS options list
- Officially Official: 2011 Cadillac CTS Coupe debuts
- Cadillac CTS Coupe: The Cadillac Of Coupes
- 2011 Cadillac CTS Coupe: First Official Photos of GM's BMW 3-Series Coupe Rival
- 2011 Cadillac CTS-V Coupe muscles in with a quickness and a thickness
- 2011 Cadillac CTS-V Coupe with 556HP Supercharged V8 Unveiled Ahead of Detroit Show
- Report: Cadillac lowers price on CTS Sport Wagon to give it more breathing room from SRX
- Cadillac CTS gets Recaro seats just like V model
- New York Show: Cadillac's 2011 CTS-V Wagon puts the Germans on Alert
- 2011 Cadillac CTS gets Optional 19-inch All-Season Tires with Carbon-Fiber Sidewalls
- 2011 Cadillac CTS-V Wagon priced from $62,990
Enthusiast Sites & Community Forums
- the Caddy Edge
- Lincoln vs Cadillac
- Cadillac eBrochures
- Caddyinfo.com - Cadillac Discussion and Technical Information
|This page uses some content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Cadillac CTS. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Autopedia, the text of Wikipedia is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.|