|Buick Park Avenue|
|Successor||Buick Lucerne (America)|
|Class||Full-Size Luxury Sedan|
|Body Style||4-Door Sedan|
|Weight||3,778 LBS -3,884 LBS|
|Similar|| Mercury Sable|
The Park Avenue was Buick's flagship sedan from 1975 to 1990 as a trim level on the full size Buick Electra and as a distinct model from 1991 to 2005, succeeding the Electra entirely. Its name pays homage to the affluent Park Avenue New York City boulevard of the same name.
Starting in 1989, a new luxury trim level, the Ultra, was introduced and stayed throughout the rest of the Park Avenue's run. The Park Avenue Ultra boasted more standard luxury features (including a 20-way power seat in 1989) and starting in 1992, a more powerful 205hp supercharged V6 engine versus the regular 170hp V6. By the end of the Park Avenue's model run, the supercharged 3.8L engine made 240hp.
The rarest of all factory Buick Park Avenue's is 1975's introduction model, the Electra Park Avenue Deluxe. It was factory-built to include all optional extra features. This special model was expensive and did not sell well. Only 37 were produced, and the Deluxe trim level on the Park Avenue was not carried on for 1976.
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Styles and Major OptionsEdit
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Current Generation: (2007–present)Edit
The Buick Park Avenue is a full-size car, to be manufactured by GM Shanghai for 2008. The vehicle will be loosely based on the Australian-built Holden WM Statesman, which is also sold in South Korea as the Daewoo L4X. The Park Avenue will be manufactured in China, for the Chinese market only, and will be powered by Australian-built versions of the GM High Feature engine. The Park Avenue replaces the Buick Royaum; a rebadged version of the WL Statesman.
Second generation (1997–2005)Edit
An updated Park Avenue was released in 1997. Riding on the Buick Riviera's GM G platform FWD G-body, it was stronger and more substantial than its predecessor. This generation was powered by updated Series II variants of the indomitable 3800 V6 engine. As before, only Ultra models were supercharged. The base trim featured a hood ornament while the Ultra had a less conspicuous tri-shield inset in on the upper edge of the grille. It should be noted that the 2004 Park Avenue base was the last United States market Buick to carry a factory hood ornament.
The Park Avenue went largely unchanged until 2003. Trademark Buick ventiports returned that year along with a bolder grille that carried a larger monochromatic tri-shield badge in the center. For 2005 - its final model year - base Park Avenues received the new grille, and previously Ultra-exclusive ventiports. Also, the rear fascia was redone across the line with a prominent chrome bar above the license plate holder with an embossed PARK AVENUE script and amber turn signal flashers. The last 3000 Park Avenues carried Special Edition badging that featured those words underneath a silhouette of the New York City skyline. 300 of these were painted with a special two-tone black-on-platinum finish.
First Generation/Origins (1991–1996)Edit
The 1991 Park Avenue utilized GM's GM C platform until the C-body was dropped in 1997. The Park Avenue was normally powered by the 3.8L 3800 V6, with a special Ultra model using a supercharged version starting in 1992 a very limited number of 1991 Ultras had the supercharged internal combustion engine as an option.
Inspired in great part by the 1989 Park Avenue Essence show car, the Park Avenue set the pace for Buick's styling in the 1990s. Its elegant, graceful lines lead many to describe it as the 'American Jaguar' and many of its styling cues, including a large 'dollar-grin' grille mounted to the hood, rounded lines, and full-width tail lamps made their way to other restyled Buick models.
The base Park Avenue was available in Europe from 1991 until 1996 and varied from the North American version by featuring revised taillights with amber lenses and larger license plate opening, amber parking lights, front side marker lights relocated from below the cornering lights to behind the front wheels on the front fenders, larger outside mirrors and a flat hood ornament to meet contemporary European regulatory and safety standards.
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Design quirks and odditiesEdit
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|David Dunbar Buick||Corporate website||A brand of General Motors|
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