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Bruce Leslie McLaren (30 August 1937 – 2 June 1970), born in Auckland, New Zealand, was a race-car designer, driver, engineer and inventor.

His name lives on in the McLaren team which has been one of the most successful in Formula One championship history, with McLaren cars and drivers winning a total of 20 world championships. McLaren cars totally dominated CanAm sports car racing with 56 wins, a considerable number of them with him behind the wheel, between 1967 and 1972 (and five constructors’ championships), and have won three Indianapolis 500 races, as well as 24 Hours of Le Mans and 12 Hours of Sebring.

Early lifeEdit

Born in Auckland, McLaren attended Meadowbank Primary School. As a nine-year-old, he contracted Perthes disease in his hip which left his left leg shorter than the right. He spent two years in traction, but later often had a slight limp.

His parents, Les and Ruth McLaren, owned a service station and workshop in Remuera Rd, Remuera, Auckland.[1] Bruce spent all of his free hours hanging around the workshop.

CareerEdit

Les McLaren restored an aging Austin 7 Ulster which 14-year-old Bruce used in 1952 when he entered his first competition, a hillclimb. Two years later he took part in his first real race and showed promise. He moved up from the Austin to a Ford 10 special and an Austin-Healey, then an F2 Cooper-Climax sports. He immediately began to modify and improve — and master - it, so much so that he was runner-up in the 1957–8 New Zealand championship series.

Driving careerEdit

Grand Prix Edit

His performance in the New Zealand Grand Prix in 1958 was noted by Australian driver Jack Brabham (who would later invite McLaren to drive for him). Because of his obvious potential the New Zealand International Grand Prix organisation selected him for its 'Driver to Europe' scheme designed to give a promising Kiwi driver year-round experience with the best in the world. McLaren was the first recipient, to be followed by others later including Denny Hulme.

McLaren went to Cooper and stayed seven years. He raced in F2 and was entered in the German Grand Prix at the Nürburgring in which F2 and F1 cars competed together. He astounded the motor racing fraternity by being first F2, and fifth overall, in a field of the best drivers in the world.

McLaren joined the Cooper factory F1 team alongside Jack Brabham in 1959 and won the 1959 United States Grand Prix at age 22 years 80 days, becoming the youngest ever GP winner up to that time. He followed that with a win in the Argentine Grand Prix, the first race of the 1960 Formula One season, and he would finish runner-up that season to Brabham. (Forty three years later, another Kiwi racer, Scott Dixon, would become the youngest ever winner in any major open-wheel racing formula anywhere in the world when he won the CART Nazareth (Pennsylvania, USA) 225 when 20 years, 9 months and 14 days old.)

McLaren won the 1962 Monaco Grand Prix, eventually finishing a fine third in the championship that year. The next year he founded Bruce McLaren Motor Racing Ltd, which remains in the Formula One championship simply as Team McLaren. McLaren continued to race and win in Coopers (including the New Zealand GP in 1964).

McLaren left Cooper at the end of 1965, and announced his own GP racing team, with co-driver and fellow Kiwi Chris Amon. Amon left in 1967 to drive for Ferrari. In 1968, McLaren was joined by another fellow Kiwi Denny Hulme, who had become world champion in 1967 with Brabham. McLaren took his fourth career win racing his own McLaren car at Spa in 1968, achieving the team's first Grand Prix win. Hulme won twice in the McLaren-Ford. The 1969 championship was also a success, with McLaren finishing 3rd in the standings despite taking no wins. In tribute to his homeland, McLaren's cars featured the "speedy Kiwi" logo.

Can-Am Series Edit

It was in powerful sports car racing where McLaren's design flair and ingenuity were graphically demonstrated. Just as the Can-Am began to become very popular with fans in Canada and the U.S., the new McLaren cars finished second twice, and third twice, in six races.

In 1967 they won five of six races and in 1968, four of six. The following year McLarens proved unbeatable, winning 11 of 11 races. In two races, they finished 1-2-3. (McLaren, Hulme and Mark Donohue).

In 1966 he and co-driver Chris Amon won the prestigious 24 Hour race at Le Mans in a Ford GT40.

Career as a Constructor Edit

Bruce was a competitive driver but in many ways his legacy, the McLaren Racing Team, is testimony to his abilities as an analyst, engineer and manager that contributed much to the success of the cars that bore his name. In the early days of the McLaren sports cars Bruce was testing and as he drove out of the pits he noticed the fuel filler access door was flapping up and down as he drove. The current aerodynamic thinking was that it should have been pressed more firmly in place as the speed of the car increased. Instead, it bounced more vigorously as the speed increased. Instantly his frustration at the sloppy work changed and he had an insight. Stopping in the pits he jumped from the car, ran to a mechanics tool box, grabbed a pair of shears and started cutting the bodywork away behind the radiator. Climbing back in the car he immediately began turning lap times faster than before.

Later he explained,

I was first angry that the filler door hadn't been properly closed but then I began to wonder why it wasn't being pressed down by the airflow. The only answer was that there had to be a source of higher pressure air under it than over it.
From that session came the "nostrils" that have been a key McLaren design feature, even in the McLaren F1 road car, since that day.



Bruce McLaren noted that his team's cars were marginally less innovative than the Chaparral Cars of rival driver/designer Jim Hall but their superior reliability was rewarded by race and championship victories. Long after his death that culture prevailed and when Ron Dennis bought the team was reinforced by the lessons learned in his early career as a race mechanic.

DeathEdit

Bruce McLaren died (aged 32) when his Can-Am car crashed on the Lavant Straight just before Woodcote corner at Goodwood Circuit in England on 2 June 1970. He had been testing his new M8D when the rear bodywork came adrift at speed. The loss of aerodynamic downforce destabilized the car, which spun, left the track and hit a bunker used as a flag station.

Motorsport author Eoin Young has noted that Bruce McLaren had "virtually penned his own epitaph" in his 1964 book From the Cockpit. Referring to the death of team mate Timmy Mayer, McLaren had written:

Template:Bquote

LegacyEdit

  • Bruce McLaren Intermediate School in West Auckland was named after him shortly after his death. It was originally going to be called Henderson South Intermediate.
  • In 2000 Motorsport NZ and the Prodrive Trust created The Bruce McLaren Scholarship to help up and coming New Zealand racing drivers.
  • Inducted into the New Zealand Sports Hall of Fame in 1990.
  • Inducted into the International Motorsports Hall of Fame in 1991.
  • Inducted into the Motorsports Hall of Fame of America in 1995.
  • The Bruce McLaren Trust, based in Auckland, New Zealand, perpetuates his memory and runs a small museum from the flat where Bruce grew up (above a petrol station in Remuera)
  • On 20 January 2007, at New Zealand's round of the A1 Grand Prix series, it was announced that there is to be a movie made about Bruce McLaren.[2]
  • The University of Auckland Formula SAE team use Bruce's racing number 47 as their car number in memory of Bruce.

Complete Formula One World Championship resultsEdit

(key) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 WDC Pts.

[3]

1958 Cooper Car Company Cooper T45 F2 Climax Straight-4 ARG
MON
NED
500
BEL
FRA
GBR
GER
5*
POR
ITA
MOR
12
NC 0*
1959 Cooper Car Company Cooper T45 F2 Climax Straight-4 MON
5
500
NED
6th 16.5
Cooper T51 FRA
5
GBR
3
GER
Ret
POR
Ret
ITA
Ret
USA
1
1960 Cooper Car Company Cooper T51 Climax Straight-4 ARG
1
2nd 34 (37)
Cooper T53 MON
2
500
NED
Ret
BEL
2
FRA
3
GBR
4
POR
2
ITA
USA
3
1961 Cooper Car Company Cooper T55 Climax V8 MON
6
NED
12
BEL
Ret
FRA
5
GBR
8
GER
6
ITA
3
USA
4
8th 11
1962 Cooper Car Company Cooper T60 Climax V8 NED
Ret
MON
1
BEL
Ret
FRA
4
GBR
3
GER
5
ITA
3
USA
3
RSA
2
3rd 27 (32)
1963 Cooper Car Company Cooper T66 Climax V8 MON
3
BEL
2
NED
Ret
FRA
12
GBR
Ret
GER
Ret
ITA
3
USA
11
MEX
Ret
RSA
4
6th 17
1964 Cooper Car Company Cooper T66 Climax V8 MON
Ret
7th 13
Cooper T73 NED
7
BEL
2
FRA
6
GBR
Ret
GER
Ret
AUT
Ret
ITA
2
USA
Ret
MEX
7
1965 Cooper Car Company Cooper T73 Climax V8 RSA
5
9th 10
Cooper T77 MON
5
BEL
3
FRA
Ret
GBR
10
NED
Ret
GER
Ret
ITA
5
USA
Ret
MEX
Ret
1966 Bruce McLaren Motor Racing McLaren M2B Ford V8 MON
Ret
USA
5
MEX
Ret
16th 3
Serenissima V8 BEL
DNS
FRA
GBR
6
NED
DNS
GER
ITA
1967 Bruce McLaren Motor Racing McLaren M4B BRM V8 RSA
MON
4
NED
Ret
BEL
14th 3
Anglo American Racers Eagle T1G Weslake V12 FRA
Ret
GBR
Ret
GER
Ret
Bruce McLaren Motor Racing McLaren M5A BRM V12 CAN
7
ITA
Ret
USA
Ret
MEX
Ret
1968 Bruce McLaren Motor Racing McLaren M7A Cosworth V8 RSA
ESP
Ret
MON
Ret
BEL
1
NED
Ret
FRA
8
GBR
7
GER
13
ITA
Ret
CAN
2
USA
6
MEX
2
5th 22
1969 Bruce McLaren Motor Racing McLaren M7A Cosworth V8 RSA
5
3rd 26
McLaren M7C ESP
2
MON
5
NED
Ret
FRA
4
GBR
3
GER
3
ITA
4
CAN
5
USA
DNS
MEX
DNS
1970 Bruce McLaren Motor Racing McLaren M14A Cosworth V8 RSA
Ret
ESP
2
MON
Ret
BEL
NED
FRA
GBR
GER
AUT
ITA
CAN
USA
MEX
14th 6

* McLaren was ineligible to score points in the 1958 German Grand Prix because he was driving a Formula Two car.

Non-Championship resultsEdit

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
1961 LOM GLV PAU BRX
2
VIE AIN
2
SYR
WD
NAP LON SIL
Ret
SOL
4
KAN DAN MOD FLG OUL
3
LEW VAL RAN NAT RSA
1962 CAP BRX LOM LAV
1
GLV
2
PAU AIN
2
INT
5
NAP MAL CLP
3
RMS
1
SOL KAN MED DAN OUL
Ret
MEX
Ret
RAN NAT
1963 LOM
4
GLV
2
PAU IMO SYR AIN
5
INT
2
ROM SOL KAN MED AUT OUL
6
RAN
1964 DMT
3
NWT
Ret
SYR AIN
Ret
INT
15
SOL MED RAN
1965 ROC
5
SYR SMT
4
INT
6
MED RAN
1967 ROC
Ret
SPR
5
INT
5
SYR OUL ESP
1968 ROC
1
INT
2
OUL
1969 ROC
Ret
INT
6
MAD OUL
1970 ROC
Ret
INT
4
OUL

ReferencesEdit

  1. "McLaren Garage (Former)". New Zealand Historic Places Trust. http://www.historic.org.nz/TheRegister/RegisterSearch/RegisterResults.aspx?RID=7656. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  2. "McLaren film is launched". Grandprix.com. 19 January 2007. http://www.grandprix.com/ns/ns17967.html. Retrieved 2007-01-20. 
  3. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named droppedpoints

Related Books:

  • From the Cockpit by Bruce McLaren
  • Bruce McLaren: Racing Car Constructor by George Begg
  • McLaren - The Man, Cars & Team by Eoin Young
  • Eoin Young's McLaren Book
  • The Last Season - The Life of Bruce McLaren by Jeanne Beeching
  • The Golden Era of New Zealand Motor Racing by Graham Vercoe

A list of further such volumes can be viewed at http://www.bruce-mclaren.com/about-bruce-mclaren/historical-books.html.

External linksEdit

Preceded by:
None
Tasman Series Champion
1964
Succeeded by:
Jim Clark
Preceded by:
Jochen Rindt
Masten Gregory
Winner of the 24 Hours of Le Mans
1966 with:
Chris Amon
Succeeded by:
Dan Gurney
A.J. Foyt
Preceded by:
John Surtees
Can-Am Champion
1967
Succeeded by:
Denny Hulme
Preceded by:
Dan Gurney
Brands Hatch Race of Champions winner
1968
Succeeded by:
Jackie Stewart
Preceded by:
Denny Hulme
Can-Am Champion
1969
Succeeded by:
Denny Hulme
Records
Preceded by:
Troy Ruttman
22 years, 80 days
(1952 Indianapolis 500)
Youngest Driver to score
Points in Formula One

21 years, 253 days
(1959 Monaco Grand Prix)
Succeeded by:
Ricardo Rodríguez
20 years, 123 days
(1962 Belgian GP)
Preceded by:
Stirling Moss
24 years, 303 days
(1954 British GP)
Youngest driver to set
Fastest Lap in Formula One

21 years, 322 days
(1959 British Grand Prix)
Succeeded by:
Fernando Alonso
21 years, 321 days
(2003 Canadian GP)
Preceded by:
Troy Ruttman
22 years, 80 days
(1952 Indianapolis 500)
Youngest Driver to score a
Podium Position in Formula One

21 years, 322 days
(1959 British Grand Prix)
Succeeded by:
Elio de Angelis
21 years, 307 days
(1980 Brazilian GP)


Mercedes-Benz-SLR-McLaren-Roadster
McLAREN

Daimler AG


Mercedes-Benz | Maybach | Smart | Mitsubishi | GEM | Mercedes-AMG | Freightliner | Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation | OriOn | Setra | Sterling Trucks | Thomas Built Buses | Western Star | McLaren Group


Current

650S · 650S Spider · 675LT · 675LT Spider · 570S · 720S

Historic

M6 GT · P1 . F1 · SLR McLaren · SLR McLaren Roadster · SLR Stirling Moss

McLaren F1 Variants

F1 LM · F1 GTR · F1 GT

Racing

MP4-10 · MP4-23 · MP4-24 · MP4-25 · MP4-12C GT3


Bruce McLaren · Ron Dennis · Gordon Murray · Peter Stevens · McLaren Technology Centre


Ron Dennis Corporate website independent


Template:24 Hours of Le Mans winners Template:12 Hours of Sebring winners Template:Tasman Series Champions



Smallwikipedialogo.png This page uses some content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Bruce McLaren. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Autopedia, the text of Wikipedia is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.

See alsoEdit

Mercedes-Benz-SLR-McLaren-Roadster
McLAREN

Daimler AG


Mercedes-Benz | Maybach | Smart | Mitsubishi | GEM | Mercedes-AMG | Freightliner | Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation | OriOn | Setra | Sterling Trucks | Thomas Built Buses | Western Star | McLaren Group


Current

650S · 650S Spider · 675LT · 675LT Spider · 570S · 720S

Historic

M6 GT · P1 . F1 · SLR McLaren · SLR McLaren Roadster · SLR Stirling Moss

McLaren F1 Variants

F1 LM · F1 GTR · F1 GT

Racing

MP4-10 · MP4-23 · MP4-24 · MP4-25 · MP4-12C GT3


Bruce McLaren · Ron Dennis · Gordon Murray · Peter Stevens · McLaren Technology Centre


Ron Dennis Corporate website independent

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