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Template:Infobox motorsport championship

The British Formula Three Championship is an international motor racing series that takes place primarily in the United Kingdom with a small number of events in mainland Europe. It is a junior-level feeder formula that uses small single seater Formula Three chassis. Its current official title is the Cooper Tires British Formula 3 International Series. Notable former champions include Jim Clark, Nelson Piquet, Mika Häkkinen, Ayrton Senna, Emerson Fittipaldi, Rubens Barrichello and Sir Jackie Stewart.

HistoryEdit

The first Formula Three championship to take place in the UK was the Autosport F3 championship held in 1951, which was won by Eric Brandon. By 1954, it had evolved into a national-level series and was organised by the British Racing and Sports Car Club (BRSCC).[1] This was the 500cc period of Formula Three, which was active in the UK and other countries until 1959, at which point Formula Three was adapted into Formula Junior. In this period, there were often two or three series running concurrently and a single national series had yet to be firmly established.[2] The FIA reintroduced Formula Three in 1964, and there were two F3 championships held in the UK that year, won by Jackie Stewart and Rodney Banting. This was not the last occasion of two or more F3 championships running concurrently in the post-1964 era: from 1970 to 1973, there were three regional series (the Lombard North, John Player, and Forward Trust championships) and there were normally two series between then and 1978.[1] In 1984, the series adopted a B class for competitors with older chassis, which is now known as the National class.[3] From 2011 the National class will be renamed Rookie Championship. In 2011 Formula Three in the United Kingdom celebrated its 60th anniversary season.

EquipmentEdit

Like most Formula Three championships, competitors in British F3 are permitted to use any eligible chassis. The minimum and maximum age of a chassis specification is dictated by the class in which its driver competes: International class entrants must use a chassis that meets the FIA's technical regulations as applicable to 2009, while National class entrants are restricted to cars that meet the 2007 FIA regulations.[4] In practice, this means that class A cars must have been designed for the current three-year model cycle and class B cars must date from the previous cycle.

Dallara has been dominant since the mid-1990s – in both results and numbers – but the chassis of some of its main competitors have been adopted in small numbers. The Lola B06/30 and the Mygale M07/F3 are each represented by two-car teams and the older Dome F106 is used by a two-car team in the Scholarship class.[5] In the interests of parity, identical tyres are supplied by Cooper Tire.

Three engine manufacturers – AMG-Mercedes (tuned by H.W.A), Volkswagen and Mugen-Honda (tuned by Neil Brown Engineering) – are currently represented on a full-time basis.[5] The Opel-Spiess was used by Swiss Racing Team in a one-off appearance at Monza only. The regulations demand that all class B entrants must use Mugen-Hondas of an identical specification, prepared and sealed by Neil Brown Engineering Limited.[6]

All entrants in the series must use control tyres from a single supplier. Since 1982, these have been manufactured by Avon Tyres, which from the 2009 season onwards were re-branded as Cooper Tires, as Cooper became the championship's official title sponsor. The company recently signed an extension until the end of 2014. Tyres are limited to 60 sets per season per team and three sets of tyres per weekend per team. Two sets of wet-weather tyres are allowed per race weekend, but their use is allowed in the case of a ‘Wet Race’ only. Tyres are to be filled with environmental air or nitrogen; chemical or mechanical treatment is prohibited. Tyre dimensions: 180/550 R 13 front, 240/570 R 13 rear. Tyre heaters are not allowed.

SpecificationsEdit

  • Chassis: Dallara F308, Lola B06/30, Dome F106 and Mygale M07/F3 Carbon Fibre sandwich with AL/Nomex honeycomb.
  • Engine: Mugen-Honda, Volkswagen and Mercedes Benz.
  • Engine Displacement: Template:Convert/L (122 in³) DOHC Inline-4.
  • Gearbox: 6 Speed manual paddle shift gearbox (must have reverse).
  • Weight: Template:Convert/kg including driver and ballast.
  • Power: 210 bhp @ 6000rpm (approx).
  • Fuel: Sunoco 100 RON, no refuelling.
  • Fuel tank: Single FT3 homologated rubber safety tank.
  • Fuel Delivery: Fuel injection.
  • Aspiration: Naturally aspirated.
  • Length: 4188 mm.
  • Height: 950 mm.
  • Width: 1825 mm (72.8") maximum.
  • Wheelbase: 2000 mm (78.75") minimum.
  • Track: 1200 mm (47") minimum.
  • Steering: 2-wheel steering with rack and pinion, power-steering.
  • Drivetrain: 2WD only.
  • Brakes: Performance Friction Brakes.
  • Tires: Cooper Tires limited to 60 sets of tyres per season per team. Three sets of tyres per weekend per team. Two sets of wet-weather tyres per race weekend, but their use is allowed in the case of a ‘Wet Race’ only. Tyres to be filled with environmental air or nitrogen; chemical or mechanical treatment is prohibited. Tyre dimensions: 180/550 R 13 front, 240/570 R 13 rear. Tyre heaters are not allowed.
  • Springs: Koni.
  • Wheel rims: ATS maximum width 11.5", maximum Ø 13".
  • Probitings: Active suspension, Telemetry, and Traction Control.

EventsEdit

The championship comprises ten rounds, each with three races. The scoring system arranged as follows:

 1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th   6th   7th   8th   9th   10th 
Race 1 & 3  25   18   15   12   10   8   6   4   2   1 
Race 2  12   9   8   7   6   5   4   3   2   1 

A bonus point is awarded for the fastest race lap in each class for all three races. The event schedule takes place over three days (normally Friday to Sunday) with testing or free practice sessions on the first day, a 30' qualifying session and race 1 of 30' on the second day. The third day has two races, race 2 of 20' and race 3 of 40'. The qualifying session determines the starting order for races 1 and 3, where the driver's fastest time determines the grid for race 3, and the second fastest time the grid for race 1.

ChampionsEdit

Season Series Name Champion Team Chassis/engine National Class Champion
1951 Autosport F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Eric Brandon Cooper-Norton
1952 Autosport F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Don Parker Kieft-Norton
1953 Autosport F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Don Parker Kieft-Norton
1954 BRSCC National F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Les Leston Cooper-Norton
1955 BRSCC National F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Jim Russell Cooper-Norton
JAP F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Henry Taylor Cooper-JAP
1956 BRSCC National F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Jim Russell Cooper-Norton
1957 BRSCC National F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Jim Russell Cooper-Norton
1958 BRSCC National F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Trevor Taylor Cooper-Norton
1959 BRSCC F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Don Parker Cooper-Norton
1960 BRSCC F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Jack Pitcher Cooper-Norton
John Davy Formula Junior 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Jim Clark Lotus-Ford
BRSCC Formula Junior 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Jack Pitcher Alexis-BMC
Motor Racing Formula Junior 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Jim Clark
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Trevor Taylor
Lotus-Ford
1961 BRSCC F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Mike Ledbrook Cooper-Norton
John Davy Formula Junior 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Bill Moss Gemini-Ford
BRSCC Formula Junior 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Mike Ledbrook Lotus-Ford
Motor Racing Formula Junior 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Trevor Taylor Lotus-Ford
1962 John Davy Formula Junior 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom John Fenning Lotus-Ford
1963 Express & Star Formula Junior 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Peter Arundell Lotus-Ford
BARC Formula Junior 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Peter Arundell Lotus-Ford
1964 Express & Star F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Jackie Stewart 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Tyrrell Racing Cooper-BMC
BRSCC F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Rodney Banting Lotus-BMC
SMRC F3 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias ISL22x20px}}|Template:Country alias ISL]] Sverrir Thoroddsson Lotus-Ford-Cosworth
1965 BRSCC F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Tony Dean Brabham-Ford-Cosworth
BARC F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Roy Pike Brabham-Ford-Cosworth
1966 Les Leston F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Harry Stiller Brabham-Ford-Cosworth
1967 Les Leston F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Harry Stiller Brabham-Ford-Cosworth
1968 Lombank F3 25px-AustraliaFLAG Tim Schenken Chevron-Ford-Lucas
1969 Lombank F3 25px-Brazilflag Emerson Fittipaldi Lotus-Ford-Holbay
1970 Lombank F3 25px-AustraliaFLAG Dave Walker Lotus-Ford-Holbay
Shellsport F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Tony Trimmer Brabham-Ford-Holbay
Forward Trust F3 25px-Brazilflag Carlos Pace Lotus-Ford-Holbay
1971 Lombard North F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Roger Williamson March-Ford-Holbay
Shellsport National F3 25px-AustraliaFLAG Dave Walker Lotus-Ford-Vegantune
Forward Trust BARC F3 25px-AustraliaFLAG Dave Walker Lotus-Ford-Vegantune
1972 Forward Trust BARC F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Roger Williamson GRD-Ford-Holbay
Lombard North F3 22px-Flag of Liechtenstein Rikky von Opel Ensign-Ford-Vegantune
Shellsport National F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Roger Williamson GRD-Ford-Holbay
1973 Forward Trust BARC F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Ian Taylor March-Ford-Holbay
Lombard North F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Tony Brise March-Ford-Holbay
John Player European F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Tony Brise March-Ford-Holbay
1974 Forward Trust BARC F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Brian Henton March-Ford-Holbay
Lombard North F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Brian Henton March-Ford-Holbay
1975 BP Super Visco F3 22px-Flag of Sweden Gunnar Nilsson March-Toyota
1976 Shellsport F3 22px-Flag of Italy Bruno Giacomelli March-Toyota
BP Super Visco F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Rupert Keegan March-Toyota
1977 Vandervell F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Stephen South March-Toyota
BP F3 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias IRE22x20px}}|Template:Country alias IRE]] Derek Daly [[Image:Template:Country flag alias IRE22x20px}}|Template:Country alias IRE]] Derek McMahon Racing Chevron-Toyota
1978 Vandervell F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Derek Warwick Ralt-Toyota
BP F3 25px-Brazilflag Nelson Piquet Ralt-Toyota
1979 Vandervell British F3 25px-Brazilflag Chico Serra 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Project Four Racing Ralt-Toyota
1980 Vandervell British F3 22px-Flag of Sweden Stefan Johansson 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Project Four Racing March-Toyota
1981 Marlboro British F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom West Surrey Racing Ralt-Toyota
1982 Marlboro British F3 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias IRE22x20px}}|Template:Country alias IRE]] Tommy Byrne 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Murray Taylor Racing Ralt-Toyota
1983 Marlboro British F3 25px-Brazilflag Ayrton Senna 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom West Surrey Racing Ralt-Toyota
1984 Marlboro British F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Johnny Dumfries 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom David Price Racing Ralt-Volkswagen 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Keith Fine
1985 Marlboro British F3 25px-Brazilflag Maurício Gugelmin 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom West Surrey Racing Ralt-Volkswagen [[Image:Template:Country flag alias JAM22x20px}}|Template:Country alias JAM]] Carlton Tingling
1986 Lucas British F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Andy Wallace 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Madgwick Motorsport Reynard-Volkswagen 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Steve Kempton
1987 Lucas British F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Johnny Herbert [[Image:Template:Country flag alias IRE22x20px}}|Template:Country alias IRE]] Eddie Jordan Racing Reynard-Volkswagen 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Gary Dunn
1988 Lucas British F3 22px-Flag of Finland J.J. Lehto 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Pacific Racing Reynard-Toyota 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Alistair Lyall
1989 Lucas British F3 25px-AustraliaFLAG David Brabham 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Bowman Racing Ralt-Volkswagen 25px-Mexicoflag Fernando Plata
1990 British F3 22px-Flag of Finland Mika Häkkinen 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom West Surrey Racing Ralt-Mugen-Honda 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Charles Rickett
1991 British F3 25px-Brazilflag Rubens Barrichello 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom West Surrey Racing Ralt-Mugen-Honda 22px-Flag of Finland Pekka Herva
1992 British F3 25px-Brazilflag Gil de Ferran 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Paul Stewart Racing Reynard-Mugen-Honda 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Paul Evans
1993 British F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Kelvin Burt 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Paul Stewart Racing Reynard-Mugen-Honda 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Jamie Spence
1994 British F3 22px-Flag of Denmark Jan Magnussen 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Paul Stewart Racing Dallara-Mugen-Honda 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Duncan Vercoe
1995 British F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Oliver Gavin 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Edenbridge Racing Dallara-Vauxhall 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Martin Byford
1996 British F3 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias IRE22x20px}}|Template:Country alias IRE]] Ralph Firman 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Paul Stewart Racing Dallara-Mugen-Honda 25px-Newzealand flag Simon Wills
1997 Autosport British F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Jonny Kane 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Paul Stewart Racing Dallara-Mugen-Honda 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Martin O'Connell
1998 Autosport British F3 25px-Brazilflag Mario Haberfeld 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Paul Stewart Racing Dallara-Mugen-Honda 25px-AustraliaFLAG Phillip Scifleet
1999 Autosport British F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Marc Hynes 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Manor Motorsport Dallara-Mugen-Honda 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Martin O'Connell
2000 Green Flag British F3 25px-Brazilflag Antônio Pizzonia 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Manor Motorsport Dallara-Mugen-Honda 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Gary Paffett
2001 Green Flag British F3 Flag-of-japansmall Takuma Sato 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Carlin Motorsport Dallara-Mugen-Honda 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Robbie Kerr
2002 Green Flag British F3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Robbie Kerr 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Alan Docking Racing Dallara-Mugen-Honda 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Adam Carroll
2003 British F3 International Flag of South Africasmall Alan van der Merwe 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Carlin Motorsport Dallara-Mugen-Honda 22px-Flag of Venezuela Ernesto Viso
2004 British F3 International 25px-Brazilflag Nelson Ângelo Piquet 25px-Brazilflag Piquet Sports Dallara-Mugen-Honda 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Ryan Lewis
2005 British F3 International 22px-Flag of Portugal Álvaro Parente 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Carlin Motorsport Dallara-Mugen-Honda 25px-Mexicoflag Salvador Durán
2006 Lloyds TSB Insurance British F3 International 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Mike Conway 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Räikkönen Robertson Racing Dallara-AMG-Mercedes 22px-Flag of Venezuela Rodolfo Gonzalez
2007 Lloyds TSB Insurance British F3 International 22px-Flag of Estonia Marko Asmer 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Hitech Racing Dallara-AMG-Mercedes 25px-Mexicoflag Sergio Pérez
2008 British F3 International 22px-Flag of Spain Jaime Alguersuari 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Carlin Motorsport Dallara-AMG-Mercedes 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Jay Bridger
2009 Cooper Tires British F3 International Series 25px-AustraliaFLAG Daniel Ricciardo 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Carlin Motorsport Dallara-Volkswagen 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Daniel McKenzie
2010 Cooper Tires British F3 International Series 22px-Flag of France Jean-Éric Vergne 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Carlin Motorsport Dallara-Volkswagen 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Menasheh Idafar
2011 Cooper Tires British F3 International Series 25px-Brazilflag Felipe Nasr 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Carlin Dallara-Volkswagen Flag-of-japansmall Kotaro Sakurai
2012 Cooper Tires British F3 International Series 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Jack Harvey 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Carlin Dallara-Volkswagen 25px-AustraliaFLAG Spike Goddard
2013 Cooper Tires British F3 International Series 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Jordan King 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Carlin Dallara-Volkswagen 22px-Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Sun Zheng

Multiple ChampionsEdit

Drivers
Driver Championships
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Don Parker || 3 - 1952, 1953, 1959
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Jim Russell || 3 - 1955 (BRSCC National), 1956, 1957
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Trevor Taylor || 3 - 1958, 1960 (Motor Racing Formula Junior), 1961 (Motor Racing Formula Junior)
25px-AustraliaFLAG Dave Walker || 3 - 1970 (Lombank), 1971 (Shellsport National), 1971 (Forward Trust BARC)
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Roger Williamson || 3 - 1971 (Lombard North), 1972 (Forward Trust BARC), 1972 (Shellsport National)
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Jack Pitcher || 2 - 1960 (BRSCC), 1960 (BRSCC Formula Junior)
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Jim Clark || 2 - 1960 (John Davy Formula Junior), 1960 (Motor Racing Formula Junior)
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Mike Ledbrook || 2 - 1961 (BRSCC), 1961 (BRSCC Formula Junior)
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Peter Arundell || 2 - 1963 (Express & Star Formula Junior), 1963 (BARC Formula Junior)
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Harry Stiller || 2 - 1966, 1967
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Tony Brise || 2 - 1973 (Lombard North), 1973 (John Player European)
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Brian Henton || 2 - 1974 (Forward Trust BARC), 1974 (Lombard North)
Teams
Team Championships
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Carlin || 9 - 2001, 2003, 2005, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Paul Stewart Racing || 6 - 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1998
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom West Surrey Racing || 5 - 1982, 1983, 1985, 1990, 1991

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

a. Template:NoteIncludes the Championship class (A) and the National class (B).
b. Template:NoteTeams that are represented in both classes have been counted as single entities.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 British F3 Champions From motorsportsetc.com. Retrieved on 4 September 2007.
  2. Formula 3 Story From clarinet.fi. Retrieved 5 September 2007.
  3. British F3 Champions From clarinet.fi. Retrieved 5 September 2007.
  4. 2007 British F3 Series Sporting Regulations: Article 4.2 pp.14
  5. 5.0 5.1 2007 Entry List From speedsportmag.com. Retrieved 5 September 2007.
  6. 2007 British F3 Series Sporting Regulations: Article 4.5 pp.15

External linksEdit

Template:British F3 Seasons Template:Motorsport in the UK

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