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Armstrong Siddeley

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Template:List of Armstrong Siddeley ModelsArmstrong Siddeley was a British company operating during the first half of the 20th century. It had two aspects: motor cars, Armstrong Siddeley Motors Ltd, and aero-engines and aircraft, via the Sir W G Armstrong Whitworth Company. The company was formed as a result of the merger of the interests of two Coventry-based companies, Armstrong-Whitworth and Siddeley-Deasy in 1919.

HistoryEdit

Siddeley Autocars of Coventry, was founded by John Davenport Siddeley (1866-1953) in 1902. Its products were heavily based on Peugeots using many of their parts but fitted with English bodies. This company merged with Wolseley in 1905 and made stately Wolseley-Siddeley motorcars. They were used by Queen Alexandra and the Duke of York, the later King Edward VII.

In 1909 J.D. Siddeley resigned from Wolseley and took over the Deasy Motor Co and the company became known as Siddeley-Deasy. In 1912 the cars used the slogan "As silent as the sphinx" and started to sport a Sphinx as a bonnet ornament.

During World War I the company produced trucks, ambulances, and staff cars. In 1915 airframes and aero-engines started to be produced as well.

In 1919 Siddeley-Deasy was bought by Sir W.G. Armstrong Whitworth & Company and Armstrong Siddeley Motors was made into subsidiary as was the Sir W G Armstrong Whitworth Aircraft Company.

In 1927, Siddeley bought Armstrong Siddeley out of Armstrong Whitworth and both it and the Armstrong Whitworth aero company were in his control.

The companies manufactured automobiles and later aircraft engines up to 1960. J.D. Siddeley retired when in 1936 Armstrong Whitworth aircraft became part of Hawker Siddeley Aircraft. In 1936 Thomas Octave Murdoch (Tommy, later Sir Thomas) Sopwith, another aircraft pioneer, became chairman of Amstrong-Siddeley Motorcars. Armstrong Siddeley remained a separate name although part of Hawker Siddeley until it merged with Bristol Aero Engines to form Bristol Siddeley. Bristol Siddeley and Rolls-Royce merged in 1966.

AutomobilesEdit

The first car produced from the union was a fairly massive machine, a 5-litre 30hp; a smaller 18 appeared in 1922 and a 2-litre 14hp was introduced in 1923. 1928 saw the company's first 15hp six; 1929 saw the introduction of a 12hp vehicle. This was a pioneering year for the marque, during which it first offered the Wilson preselector gearbox as an optional extra; it became standard issue on all cars from 1933. In 1930 the company marketed four models, of 12, 15, 20, and 30hp, the latter costing £1450.

The company's rather staid image was endorsed during the 1930s by the introduction of a range of six-cylinder cars with ohv engines, though a four-cylinder 12hp was kept in production until 1936. In 1933 the 5-litre six-cylinder Siddeley Special was announced, featuring a Hiduminium (aluminum alloy) engine; this model cost £950.

The week that World War II ended in Europe, Armstrong Siddeley introduced its first post-war models; these were the Lancaster four-door saloon and the Hurricane drophead coupe. The names of these models echoed the names of aircraft produced by the Hawker Siddeley Group (the name adopted by the company in 1935) during the war. These cars all used a 2-litre six-cylinder engines, increased to 2.3-litre engines in 1949. From 1953 the company produced the Sapphire, with a 3.4 litre six-cylinder engine.

In 1956 the model range was expanded with the addition of the 234 (a 2.3-litre four cylinder) and the 236 (with the older 2.3 litre six-cylinder engine). The Sapphire 346 sported a bonnet mascot in the shape of a Sphinx with namesake Armstrong Siddeley Sapphire jet engines attached. The 234 and 236 Sapphires were a radical departure from the traditional Armstrong Siddeley appearance. This, coming in a time of conservative auto design, was not well received by the marque's loyal customers. Hence, the "baby Sapphire" brought about the beginning of the end for Armstrong Siddeley.

The last model produced by Armstrong Siddeley was 1958's Star Sapphire, with a 4-litre engine, and automatic transmission. In 1959 Bristol Aero Engines merged with Hawker Siddeley, forming Bristol Siddeley. The Armstrong Siddeley was a casualty of the merger; the last car left the Coventry factory in 1960.

Model ListEdit

Cars produced by Armstrong Siddeley had designations that implied their engine displacement.

Model Name Type Engine From To No. Produced
Thirty Various 4960 cc 1919 1931 2770
Eighteen Various 2400 cc 1921 1925 2500 inc 18/50
18/50 or 18 Mk.II Various 2872 cc 1925 1926 2500 inc Eighteen
Four-Fourteen Various 1852 cc 1923 1929 13,365
Twenty Short and Long chassis 2872 cc 1926 1936 8847
Fifteen Tourer, saloon 1900 cc 1921 1925 7203 inc 15/6
Twelve Tourer, saloon, sports 1236 (1434 cc from 1931) 1929 1937 12500
15/6 Tourer, saloon, sports 1900 cc (2169 cc from 1933) 1928 1934 7206 inc Fifteen
Siddeley Special Tourer, saloon, limousine 4960 cc 1933 1937 253
Short 17 Coupe, saloon, sports saloon 2394 cc 1935 1938 4260 inc Long 17
Long 17 Saloon, tourer, Atlanta sports saloon, Limousine, landaulette 2394 cc 1935 1939 4260 inc Short 17
12 Plus & 14 Saloon, tourer 1666 cc 1936 1939 3750
20/25 Saloon, tourer, Atlanta sports saloon

Limousine, landaulette

3670 cc 1936 1940 884
16 Saloon, Sports saloon 1991 cc 1938 1941 950
Lancaster 16 4 door saloon 1991 cc 1945 1952 12470 inc Hurricane, Whitley, Typhoon and Tempest.
Lancaster 18 4 door saloon 2309 cc 1945 1952 12470 inc Hurricane, Whitley, Typhoon and Tempest.
Hurricane 16 Drophead coupe 1991 cc 1945 1953 12470 inc Lancaster Whitley, Typhoon and Tempest.
Hurricane 18 Drophead coupe 2309 cc 1945 1953 12470 inc Lancaster Whitley, Typhoon and Tempest.
Typhoon Fixed head coupe 1991 cc 1946 1949 12470 inc Lancaster Whitley and Tempest.
Tempest coupe 1991 cc 1946 1949 12470 inc Lancaster Whitley and Typhoon.
Whitley 18 Various 2309 cc 1946 1949 12470 inc Lancaster Hurricane, Typhoon and Tempest.
Sapphire 346 4 door saloon & Limousine 3435 cc 1952 1958 7697
Sapphire 234 4 door saloon 2290 cc 1955 1958 803
Sapphire 236 4 door saloon 2309 cc 1955 1957 603
Star Sapphire Saloon & Limousine 3990 cc 1958 1960 980
Star Sapphire Mk II Saloon & Limousine 3990 cc 1960 1960 1

A feature of many of their later cars was the option of an electrically controlled pre-selector gearbox. Like many British cars of the age there is an active owners club supporting their continued use.

GalleryEdit

External linksEdit


Smallwikipedialogo.png This page uses some content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Armstrong Siddeley. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Autopedia, the text of Wikipedia is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.

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