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2015 FIA Formula One World Championship season
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Index: Races by country | Races by season
Lewis Hamilton October 2014

Lewis Hamilton, the defending World Drivers' Champion

Lewis Hamilton 2014 China Race

Mercedes, the defending World Constructors' Champion

The 2015 Formula One season was the 66th season of the Formula One World Championship, a motor racing championship for Formula One cars which is recognised by the sport's governing body, the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), as the highest class of competition for open-wheel racing cars. Twenty-two drivers representing eleven teams will contest twenty Grands Prix,[1] starting in Australia on 15 March and ending in Abu Dhabi on 29 November as they compete for the World Drivers' and World Constructors' Championships. Lewis Hamilton is the defending Drivers' Champion after securing his second title at the 2014 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix.[2] Mercedes will begin the season as the defending Constructors' Champion, having secured its first championship title at the 2014 Russian Grand Prix.[3]

Signed teams and driversEdit

The following teams and drivers are signed to take part in the 2015 Formula One World Championship.[4][5]

Team Constructor Chassis Power unit Tyre No. Race drivers Rounds No. Free Practice drivers
22px-Flag of Italy Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari SF15-T Ferrari 059/4[6] P 5
7
Flag of Germany Sebastian Vettel
22px-Flag of Finland Kimi Räikkönen
1–5
1–5
n/a
22px-Flag of India Sahara Force
India F1 Team
Force India-
Mercedes
VJM08 Mercedes PU106B
Hybrid
P 11
27
25px-Mexicoflag Sergio Pérez
Flag of Germany Nico Hülkenberg
1–5
1–5
n/a
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Lotus F1 Team Lotus-
Mercedes
E23
Hybrid
Mercedes PU106B
Hybrid
P 8
13
22px-Flag of France Romain Grosjean
22px-Flag of Venezuela Pastor Maldonado
1–5
1–5
30 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Jolyon Palmer
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Manor Marussia
F1 Team[5]
Marussia-
Ferrari
MR03[7] Ferrari 059/3[8][9] P 28
98
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Will Stevens
22px-Flag of Spain Roberto Merhi
2–5
2–5
n/a
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom McLaren Honda McLaren-
Honda
MP4-30 Honda RA615H
Hybrid
P 20
14
22
22px-Flag of Denmark  Kevin Magnussen
22px-Flag of Spain Fernando Alonso
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Jenson Button
1
2–5
1–5
n/a
Flag of Germany Mercedes AMG
Petronas F1 Team
Mercedes F1 W06
Hybrid
Mercedes PU106B
Hybrid
P 6
44
Flag of Germany Nico Rosberg
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
1–5
1–5
n/a
22px-Flag of Austria Infiniti
Red Bull Racing
Red Bull-
Renault
RB11 Renault Energy
F1-2015
P 3
26
25px-AustraliaFLAG Daniel Ricciardo
25px-Flag of Russia Daniil Kvyat
1–5
1–5
n/a
20px-Flag of Switzerland   Sauber F1 Team Sauber-
Ferrari
C34 Ferrari 059/4[6] P 9
12
22px-Flag of Sweden Marcus Ericsson
25px-Brazilflag Felipe Nasr
1–5
1–5
36 22px-Flag of Italy Raffaele Marciello
22px-Flag of Italy Scuderia
Toro Rosso
Toro Rosso-
Renault
STR10 Renault Energy
F1-2015
P 33
55
22px-Flag of the Netherlands Max Verstappen
22px-Flag of Spain Carlos Sainz Jr.
1–5
1–5
n/a
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Williams
Martini Racing
Williams-
Mercedes
FW37 Mercedes PU106B
Hybrid
P 19
77
25px-Brazilflag Felipe Massa
22px-Flag of Finland Valtteri Bottas
1–5
1–5
41 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Susie Wolff
Sources:[4][5][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]

Team changesEdit

Ayrton Senna 1991 USA 2

McLaren renewed their relationship with Japanese manufacturer Honda, twenty-three years since they last competed together. Pictured is the McLaren MP4/6, one of the last cars built by McLaren to use a Honda engine, racing at the 1991 United States Grand Prix.

  • Honda returned to Formula One as an engine supplier, providing McLaren with a V6 engine and Energy Recovery System package, ending the team's 20-year partnership with Mercedes-Benz.[18] Honda had previously supplied McLaren from 1988 until 1992, when they ended their involvement in Formula One. Honda returned to the sport in 2000, again as an engine supplier, providing British American Racing and Jordan Grand Prix with engines until they purchased the former in 2006 and competed as a constructor until 2008.
  • Lotus changed engine suppliers, ending their association with Renault in favour of a deal with Mercedes.[19] This ended a 20-year involvement of Renault with the Enstone based team, after being an engine supplier to Benetton since 1995, and being the owner of the team from 2002 to 2010.
  • Following the 2014 Russian Grand Prix, Marussia went into administration, missing the final three races of the 2014 season. In November 2014, administrators announced that the Marussia team would cease trading and close down,[20] but the team was saved from liquidation in February 2015 when new investment was secured and the team left administration after an agreement with creditors was reached.[21] The team re-entered as Manor Marussia.
  • The assets of the Caterham team were auctioned off by the company's administrators during the opening rounds of the season,[22][23][24] and the team was not included on the final entry list published ahead of the opening race.[5]

Driver changesEdit

Sebastian Vettel 2012 Bahrain GP

Sebastian Vettel left Red Bull Racing—the team he won four World Drivers' Championships with—at the end of the 2014 season to join Ferrari.

Season calendarEdit

The following twenty Grands Prix are currently scheduled to take place in 2015.[1][43]

Round Grand Prix                          Circuit                      Date
1 Australian Grand Prix 25px-AustraliaFLAG Melbourne Grand Prix Circuit, Melbourne 15 March
2 Malaysian Grand Prix 22px-Flag of Malaysia.svg Sepang International Circuit, Kuala Lumpur 29 March
3 Chinese Grand Prix 22px-Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Shanghai International Circuit, Shanghai 12 April
4 Bahrain Grand Prix 22px-Flag of Bahrain.svg Bahrain International Circuit, Sakhir 19 April
5 Spanish Grand Prix 22px-Flag of Spain Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya, Barcelona 10 May
6 Monaco Grand Prix 25px-Monacoflag Circuit de Monaco, Monte Carlo 24 May
7 Canadian Grand Prix 25px-Canadaflag Circuit Gilles Villeneuve, Montreal 7 June
8 Austrian Grand Prix 22px-Flag of Austria Red Bull Ring, Spielberg 21 June
9 British Grand Prix 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Silverstone Circuit, Silverstone 5 July
10 Hungarian Grand Prix 22px-Flag of Hungary Hungaroring, Budapest 26 July
11 Belgian Grand Prix 22px-Flag of Belgium (civil) Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, Stavelot 23 August
12 Italian Grand Prix 22px-Flag of Italy Autodromo Nazionale Monza, Monza 6 September
13 Singapore Grand Prix 22px-Flag of Singapore.svg Marina Bay Street Circuit, Singapore 20 September
14 Japanese Grand Prix Flag-of-japansmall Suzuka Circuit, Suzuka 27 September
15 Russian Grand Prix 25px-Flag of Russia Sochi Autodrom, Sochi 11 October
16 United States Grand Prix USAflagsmall Circuit of the Americas, Austin, Texas 25 October
17 Mexican Grand Prix 25px-Mexicoflag Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez, Mexico City 1 November
18 Brazilian Grand Prix 25px-Brazilflag Autódromo José Carlos Pace, São Paulo 15 November
19 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix 22px-Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg Yas Marina Circuit, Abu Dhabi 29 November
Source:[1][43]

Calendar changesEdit

  • The German Grand Prix was set to return to the Nürburgring, in accordance with the event-sharing agreement established between the Nürburgring and the Hockenheimring in 2008.[44] The Nürburgring had previously hosted the race in 2013 and so was scheduled to host it again in 2015, but the provisional calendar left the event-sharing agreement unresolved.
  • The Korean Grand Prix was scheduled to return to the Formula One calendar after being removed in 2014, at an unconfirmed venue.[43] However, on 6 January 2015, the race was dropped from the 2015 calendar.[45]
  • The Mexican Grand Prix is scheduled to return to the Formula One calendar for the first time since 1992. The race is to be held at the Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez circuit located in the center of Mexico City, which also was the location of all of the Mexican Grands Prix in previous decades.[46] The circuit will be substantially reconfigured to accommodate the sport's return.[47]

Regulation changesEdit

Technical regulationsEdit

  • The number of power units that a driver may use in a season will be reduced from five in 2014 to four in 2015.[48]
  • The rules regarding engine development that were introduced in 2014 will change, with the manufacturers allowed to perform half the development permitted in 2014; the development will be halved again in 2016.[49]
  • Following the backlash over "ugly" nose designs in 2014, the FIA moved to amend the rules surrounding nose designs for the 2015 season. Noses will now be lower than in 2014, retaining a minimum cross section, but they must taper to a point at a fixed linear rate, effectively outlawing the dramatic finger shapes seen in 2014 in favour of a more gradual shape. Furthermore, the design of the nose must be symmetrical and consistent with the centreline of the car, thereby banning the more exotic designs, such as the "twin-tusk" approach used by Lotus on the E22 chassis.[50]
  • The minimum weight of the cars at all times during an event was increased to 702 kg (1,544.4 lbs).[43]
  • The ban on Front-and-Rear Interconnected suspension systems (FRIC) implemented in the middle of the 2014 season was formalised, with the regulations stating that the front and rear suspension must be designed in such a way that any change in performance must be a direct result of a change in load applied solely to them.[43]
  • The anti-intrusion panels on both sides of the survival cell have been extended upwards to the rim of the cockpit and alongside the driver's head.[43]
  • Following the financial struggles faced by Marussia and Caterham in 2014, the FIA approved the use of 2014-specification chassis in 2015 provided that teams showed cause and received an individual dispensation to compete with their old chassis.[51]

Sporting regulationsEdit

  • The partial ban on pit-to-car communication introduced at the 2014 Singapore Grand Prix will be extended to include a blanket ban on sharing technical data between team and driver, such as specific fuel consumption settings.[52]
  • Double points will no longer be awarded at the final event of the championship.[43]
  • Following the serious accident of Jules Bianchi during the 2014 Japanese Grand Prix a new procedure called virtual safety car (VSC) will be introduced, obliging drivers to reduce their speed to match the one indicated on their displays on their steering wheels. The procedure may be initiated when double waved yellow flags are needed on any section of a circuit where competitors and officials may be in danger, but the circumstances are not as such to warrant deployment of the actual safety car.[43]
  • The safety car procedure was amended. Once the last lapped car will have passed the safety car, it will return to the pits at the end of the following lap. This is a change of the previous practice which required the unlapped cars to have caught up with the back of the pack before the safety car could return to the pits.[43]
  • If a race is suspended, the cars will no longer line up on the grid but will slowly proceed to the pit lane instead. Pit exit will be closed and the first car to arrive in the pit lane will proceed to the exit with the other lining up behind the first one.[43]
  • If any team personnel or team equipment remain on the grid after the fifteen-second signal has been shown before the start of the formation lap, the driver of the car concerned must start the race from the pit lane. If the driver concerned fails to obey this, they will receive a ten second stop-and-go penalty.[43]
  • The replacement of a complete power unit will no longer result in a penalty. Instead, penalties will be applied cumulatively for individual components of the power unit. If such a grid place penalty is imposed and the driver's grid position is such that the full penalty cannot be applied, then the remainder of the penalty will no longer be carried over to the next race, but will instead be applied in the form of a time penalty during the race corresponding to the number of grid spaces remaining in the penalty.[43]
  • In addition to the existing five-second penalty that may be served during a driver's scheduled pit stop, a new ten-second penalty that will have to be served in the same manner, will be introduced.[43]
  • If a car is deemed to have been released from its pit stop in an unsafe manner, the driver will receive a ten second stop-and-go penalty. Further penalties will be applied if the stewards believe that the driver is aware of this and attempts to drive the car regardless.[43]
  • The qualifying procedure has been further clarified to cater to different sizes of starting grids: if twenty-four cars are entered for the race, seven will be eliminated after the each of the first two qualifying segments; if twenty-two are entered, six will be eliminated after each qualifying segment and so on if fewer cars are eligible.

FootnotesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "World Motor Sport Council 2014 – Beijing". FIA.com (Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile). 12 September 2014. http://www.fia.com/news/world-motor-sport-council-2014-beijing. Retrieved 12 September 2014. 
  2. Benson, Andrew (23 November 2014). "Lewis Hamilton wins world championship in Abu Dhabi". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Cöorporation.Plc). http://www.bbc.com/sport/0/formula1/30168481. Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  3. Allen, James (12 October 2014). "Hamilton wins, Rosberg errs, Mercedes clinch constructors' title in Sochi". James Allen on F1 (James Allen). http://www.jamesallenonf1.com/2014/10/hamilton-wins-rosberg-errs-mercedes-clinch-constructors-title-in-sochi/. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "2015 FIA F1 World Championship — Entry List". Federation Internationale de l'Automobile. 6 February 2014. http://www.fia.com/2015-fia-f1-world-championship-entry-list-0. Retrieved 22 December 2014. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "2015 FIA F1 World Championship - Updated Entry List". FIA.com (Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile). 10 March 2015. http://www.fia.com/2015-fia-f1-world-championship-updated-entry-list-0. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Nagnes, Franco (17 July 2014). "Ferrari test 059/4 Power Unit". Omnicourse (Franco Nagnes). http://translate.google.co.uk/translate?hl=en&sl=it&u=http://www.omnicorse.it/magazine/40093/f1-gp-germania-ferrari-la-power-unit-059-4-va-al-banco-prova&prev=search. Retrieved 11 April 2015. 
  7. Collantine, Keith (12 March 2015). "Manor F1 car appears in Australia". F1 Fanatic (Keith Collantine). http://www.f1fanatic.co.uk/2015/03/12/manor-f1-car-appears-in-australia/. Retrieved 12 March 2015. 
  8. "Manor F1 Team on provisional 2015 entry list". ESPN Sport UK. 5 November 2014. http://www.espn.co.uk/fia/motorsport/story/182485.html. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  9. Anderson, Ben; Noble, Jonathan (20 February 2015). "Manor F1 team agrees to use 2014 Ferrari engines". Autosport (Haymarket Publications). http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/117752. Retrieved 20 February 2015. 
  10. "Renault Energy F1-2015: Media Guide" (PDF). Renault Sport. Renault. http://www.renaultsportf1.com/IMG/pdf/rsf1-presskit-2015-en_v6.pdf. Retrieved 29 January 2015. 
  11. "Mercedes provide early look at 2015 car". Grand Prix 247. http://www.grandprix247.com/2015/01/29/mercedes-provide-early-look-at-2015-car/. Retrieved 29 January 2015. 
  12. "McLaren". formula1.com. Formula One Administration. http://www.formula1.com/content/fom-website/en/championship/teams.html. Retrieved 28 February 2015. 
  13. "2015 Australian Grand Prix - Entry List" (PDF). FIA.com (Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile). 12 March 2015. http://www.fia.com/sites/default/files/championship/documents/20150312/Formula%20One%20Australian%20Grand%20Prix%202015%20Document%20-%205_0.pdf. Retrieved 12 March 2015. 
  14. "Grid overview: Formula 1 teams of 2015". GP Update (GP Update). 7 March 2015. http://www.gpupdate.net/en/f1-news/322001/grid-overview-formula-1-teams-of-2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015. 
  15. "2015 Malaysian Grand Prix - Entry List" (PDF). FIA.com (Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile). 26 March 2015. http://www.fia.com/sites/default/files/entry_list.pdf. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  16. "2015 Chinese Grand Prix - Entry List" (PDF). FIA.com (Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile). 9 April 2015. http://www.fia.com/sites/default/files/formula_one_chinese_grand_prix_2015_document_-_5.pdf. Retrieved 9 April 2015. 
  17. "2015 Spanish Grand Prix - Entry List" (PDF). FIA.com (Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile). 7 May 2015. http://www.fia.com/file/27454/download?token=5Fditt66. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  18. Collantine, Keith (16 May 2013). "Honda confirm F1 return with McLaren in 2015". F1 Fanatic (Keith Collantine). http://www.f1fanatic.co.uk/2013/05/16/honda-confirm-f1-return-mclaren-2015/. Retrieved 16 May 2013. 
  19. Anderson, Ben (9 October 2014). "Lotus confirms Mercedes engine switch". Autosport.com (Haymarket Publications). http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/116239. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  20. Noble, Jonathan (7 November 2014). "Marussia Formula 1 team closes doors, staff made redundant.". Autosport.com (Haymarket Publications). http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/116664. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  21. Benson, Andrew (4 February 2015). "Marussia team could make Formula 1 return this season". BBC Sport. http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/formula1/31127165. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  22. "Caterham Formula 1 team's assets put up for sale by administrators". Autosport. http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/117602. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  23. Benson, Andrew (5 February 2015). "Caterham hopes fade as team's remaining assets go up for sale". BBC Sport. http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/formula1/31144177. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  24. "Caterham assets to be auctioned off". GPUpdate. GPUpdate. 5 February 2015. http://www.gpupdate.net/en/f1-news/321731/caterham-assets-to-be-auctioned-off/. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  25. "McLaren-Honda announces Fernando Alonso and Jenson Button for 2015". McLaren.com (McLaren). 11 December 2014. http://www.mclaren.com/formula1/team/mclaren-honda-announces-fernando-alonso-and-jenson-button-for-2015/. Retrieved 11 December 2014. 
  26. Galloway, James (11 December 2014). "McLaren retain Jenson Button as partner for returning Fernando Alonso in 2015". skysportsf1.com (BSkyB). http://www1.skysports.com/f1/news/24180/9601051/mclaren-retain-jenson-button-as-partner-for-returning-fernando-alonso-in-2015. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  27. Elizalde, Pablo (3 March 2015). "Alonso to miss Australian Grand Prix". Motorsport.com (Motorsport.com, Inc.). http://www.motorsport.com/f1/news/alonso-to-miss-australian-grand-prix/. Retrieved 3 March 2015. 
  28. "Welcome Sebastian – Vettel and Raikkonen 2015 driver pairing". Ferrari (Ferrari). 20 November 2014. http://formula1.ferrari.com/news/sebastian-vettel-raikkonen-2015. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  29. "New Team Driver Line Up For 2015". Infiniti Red Bull Racing. 4 October 2014. http://www.infiniti-redbullracing.com/article/new-team-driver-line-2015. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  30. "Jean-Eric Vergne becomes test driver for the Scuderia". Ferrari.com. 19 December 2014. http://formula1.ferrari.com/news/jean-eric-vergne-test-driver-scuderia. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 
  31. Freemann, Glenn (28 November 2014). "Carlos Sainz Jr joins Max Verstappen at Toro Rosso for F1 2015". Autosport.com (Autosport.com). http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/116973. Retrieved 28 November 2014. 
  32. "Verstappen to race for Toro Rosso in 2015". GPUpdate.net. 18 August 2014. http://www.gpupdate.net/en/f1-news/314888/verstappen-to-race-for-toro-rosso-in-2015/. Retrieved 18 August 2014. 
  33. "Sauber F1 team signs ex-Caterham driver Marcus Ericsson for 2015". Autosport (Haymarket Publications). 1 November 2014. http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/116581. Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  34. "Sauber F1 Team announces Felipe Nasr as its driver for 2015". Sauber. 5 November 2014. http://www.sauberf1team.com/en/season/news/detail-view/-/das-sauber-f1-team-gibt-felipe-nasr-fuer-2015-bekannt/. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  35. "Ferrari sign Esteban Gutierrez as test driver". BBC Sport. 15 December 2014. http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/formula1/30479341. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  36. Noble, Jonathan (26 March 2015). "Adrian Sutil becomes Williams Formula 1 reserve driver". Haymarket Media. http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/118209. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  37. "Will Stevens secures Manor Formula 1 race seat". autosport.com. 25 February 2015. http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/117815. Retrieved 25 February 2015. 
  38. Freeman, Glenn (9 March 2015). "Roberto Merhi to race for Manor F1 team in Australian Grand Prix". Autosport.com. Haymarket Media Group. http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/117975. Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  39. "Max Chilton and Alex Buncombe have completed Nissan's squad for the Nissan GT-R LM NISMO". Endurance-info.com. 2 March 2015. http://www.endurance-info.com/en/max-chilton-and-alex-buncombe-have-completed-nissans-squad-for-the-nissan-gt-r-lm-nismo/. Retrieved 2 March 2015. 
  40. "Jules Bianchi's prognosis unclear after F1 crash". Sydney Morning Herald. AFP. 7 October 2014. http://www.smh.com.au/sport/motorsport/jules-bianchis-prognosis-unclear-after-f1-crash-20141008-113d1p.html. Retrieved 7 March 2015. 
  41. Collantine, Keith (7 October 2014). "Bianchi suffered brain injury in crash". F1 Fanatic. Keith Collantine. http://www.f1fanatic.co.uk/2014/10/07/bianchi-suffered-brain-injury-crash/. Retrieved 7 March 2015. 
  42. "Kobayashi joins Japanese Super Formula for 2015". ESPN F1. ESPN. 31 January 2015. http://en.espnf1.com/f1/motorsport/story/189941.html. Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  43. 43.00 43.01 43.02 43.03 43.04 43.05 43.06 43.07 43.08 43.09 43.10 43.11 43.12 43.13 "World Motor Sport Council 2014 – Doha". FIA.com (Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile). 3 December 2014. http://www.fia.com/node/9172. Retrieved 3 December 2014. 
  44. "Hockenheim handed reprieve". PlanetF1.com. 1 October 2009. http://www.planetf1.com/news/3414/5596855/Hockenheim-handed-reprieve. Retrieved 10 March 2010. 
  45. Benson, Andrew (6 January 2015). "Korea dropped from 2015 calendar". BBC Sport (BBC). http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/formula1/30698154. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  46. Noble, Jonathan (23 July 2014). "Mexico to return to Formula 1 calendar in 2015". Haymarket Media. http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/115106. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 
  47. Collantine, Keith (24 July 2014). "Video reveals planned changes to Mexico's F1 track". F1 Fanatic (Keith Collantine). http://www.f1fanatic.co.uk/2014/07/24/video-reveals-planned-changes-mexicos-f1-track/. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  48. Collins, Sam (5 March 2013). "Renault RS34 – the future of Formula 1". Racecar Engineering (Chelsea Magazines Ltd.). http://www.racecar-engineering.com/articles/f1/renault-rs34-the-future-of-formula-1/. Retrieved 1 May 2013. 
  49. Saward, Joe (8 July 2014). "Changing the F1 engines of today". joeblogsf1. WordPress. http://joesaward.wordpress.com/2014/07/08/changing-the-f1-engines-of-today/. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  50. Noble, Jonathan; Scarborough, Craig (20 June 2014). "Formula 1 chiefs move to avoid ugly noses in 2015". Autosport.com (Haymarket Publications). http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/114548. Retrieved 21 June 2014. 
  51. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named never_give_up
  52. "FIA postpones radio clampdown until 2015". SpeedCafe.com. 19 September 2014. http://www.speedcafe.com/2014/09/19/fia-postpone-radio-clampdown-2015/. Retrieved 20 September 2014. 

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

Formula One World Championship seasons

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