|Race 15 of 18 in the 2008 Formula One season|
Marina Bay Street Circuit
|Date||September 28, 2008|
|Official name||2008 Formula 1 SingTel Singapore Grand Prix|
|Location||Marina Bay, Singapore|
|Course|| Street Circuit |
5.067 km (3.148 mi)</td></tr>
|Distance||61 laps, 309.087 km (192 mi)</td></tr>|
|Weather||Dry, Air Temp: 28°C, Wind Speed: 2.2m/s, Humidity: 79%|
|Time||1:45.599 on lap 14|
The 2008 Singapore Grand Prix, formally known as the 2008 Formula 1 SingTel Singapore Grand Prix, was a Formula One race held on 28 September 2008 at the newly built Marina Bay Street Circuit in Marina Bay, Singapore. It was the fifteenth race of the 2008 Formula One season, the 800th Formula One World Championship race overall, the first ever Formula One race held at night and the ninth Singapore Grand Prix. This was also the first time Singapore hosted a Formula One race, as the last Singapore Grand Prix was a Formula Libre event in 1973.
Felipe Massa of Ferrari started from pole position. Drivers' Championship leader Hamilton was second while reigning world champion Kimi Räikkönen qualified third. They continued in this order until Renault's Nelson Piquet, Jr. spun out and crashed on lap 14, bringing out the safety car. The leading drivers all pitted when the pit lane was opened. Massa prematurely left the pit box with his fuel hose still attached and dropped to last place.
Alonso, who had pitted before the safety car was deployed, subsequently took the lead and won the race. Nico Rosberg managed to finish second despite incurring a stop-go penalty and Hamilton completed the podium in third. Red Bull Racing's David Coulthard finished 7th, scoring the final points of his career. Kazuki Nakajima also scored his final points. The result saw Hamilton extend his lead in the Driver's standings to 7 points over Massa, who failed to score. McLaren also took over the lead in the Constructors' Championship by one point from Ferrari.
In September 2009, Renault F1 admitted to an FIA World Motor Sport Council meeting that Piquet had deliberately crashed under the orders and instructions of Renault team principal Flavio Briatore and chief engineer Pat Symonds, in the hope of helping Alonso win. The Renault team were handed a disqualification from F1, which was suspended for two years pending any further rule infringements. Briatore was banned from all FIA-sanctioned events for life, while Symonds was banned for five years. However, Briatore and Symonds sued the FIA in French courts, and on January 5, 2010, the Tribunal de Grande Instance overturned the ban which had been put in place on both men.
In early 2007, talks of staging a Formula One Grand Prix in Singapore began, with the stress on arranging this to be a night race in order to cater Formula One's audience in Europe. The race was approved in May and construction for the grand prix complex began in August 2007. The lighting system consisted of nearly 1600 light projectors, separated by four meters and suspended 10 meters above the track. The system generated a total of 3000 lux intensity, approximately four times intensity used in standard football stadium. The whole system required total of 108,423 meter cables and was connected to twelve twin-powered generators, generating estimated power of three megawatts.
At the previous race in Italy, Sebastian Vettel took his and Toro Rosso's maiden win in the wet race. Vettel became the youngest driver to win a Formula One race, aged 21 years and 73 days. Ferrari's Felipe Massa finished in sixth place, narrowing Lewis Hamilton's lead in the Drivers' Championship to a single point. They were followed by BMW Sauber's Robert Kubica and Massa's team-mate Kimi Räikkönen. In the Constructors' Championship, Ferrari were in the lead with 134 points, followed by McLaren-Mercedes and BMW Sauber.
Due to the unusual time of the race, teams and drivers had to adapt their working hours by waking up at around midday local time, starting work around late afternoon, and staying up until 4am. Most drivers and teams praised the track after carrying out track inspections as well as arrangements undertaken by the track authorities. However, concerns were raised about high bumps on kerbs of the Turn 10 chicane. Concerns were also expressed on safety measures needed in case of rain during the race.
Hamilton set the fastest time in the first practice session on 26 September. He was followed by the Ferraris of Massa and Räikkönen and Hamilton's teammate Kovalainen. Red Bull's Mark Webber suffered a crash at Turn 18, damaging his front suspension. A number of drivers faced problems at the final corner of the circuit, including Honda's Rubens Barrichello who crashed backwards into the barriers. Toyota's Jarno Trulli also spun at this corner and subsequently made his way into the pits by driving in the wrong direction. Trulli was fined €10,000 for his misconduct.
Renault's Fernando Alonso was fastest in the second practice session, displacing Hamilton to second position with his final flying lap. The two were followed by Kovalainen, Massa and Nico Rosberg. During the session, Toro Rosso's Sébastien Bourdais almost collided with Nick Heidfeld's BMW Sauber as he exited from the pit lane into the first corner. In separate incidents, Timo Glock lost his front wing when he crashed into wall at Turn 7, Giancarlo Fisichella faced gearbox problems and Massa mistakenly took a wrong turn towards the escape road off the track.
Alonso was again the fastest man on the track in the final practice session, with Hamilton and Massa second and third respectively. Numerous drivers faced problems with bumps on the track, narrowly avoiding accidents. Fisichella damaged his Force India VJM01's front wing and suspension damage after it launched off the kerbs at the Turn 10 chicane.
Räikkönen topped the first qualifying session, ahead of Kovalainen and Hamilton. Nelson Piquet, Jr., Sébastien Bourdais, Rubens Barrichello, Adrian Sutil and Giancarlo Fisichella were eliminated in this session. Fisichella was unable to record a time during the session after he crashed into barriers at Turn 3 due to a punctured tyre. During his flying lap, Barrichello was impeded by Nick Heidfeld and subsequently entered the pits to abandon his lap. Heidfeld was dropped three grid places for blocking and Barrichello was fined €10,000 for an unsafe pit lane entry as he did not use the deceleration zone.
The second qualifying session was led by Felipe Massa, with Kovalainen and Räikkönen in second and third place. Hamilton barely managed to reach the third session, after a driving mistake during his penultimate run. Fernando Alonso was eliminated early in this session when his car suffered a fuel feed problem before he could set a lap time. The other drivers who failed to reach the top ten were Jarno Trulli, Jenson Button and both Red Bulls of Mark Webber and David Coulthard.
Massa took the pole position in the final session, with Hamilton, Räikkönen and Kubica completing first two rows of the grid. Massa secured his position by clocking lap time six-tenths faster than Hamilton, describing it as his best qualifying result of the season. Kovalainen, managing fifth position, rued his tyre selections in the final session. Kovalainen, Heidfeld, Vettel and Glock occupied the third and fourth rows of the grid while the Williams' of Rosberg and Nakajima completed the top ten.
The race began at 20:00 local time. During the warm-up lap, Piquet spun out at Turn 23, but immediately recovered and took his position on the grid. At the start, Massa, championship rival Hamilton and Räikkönen all got through the first sequence of corners safely and retained their positions. Kubica and Kovalainen made contact at Turn 3, causing Kovalainen to lose two places to Vettel and Glock. Heidfeld and Alonso cut the first corner but they did not receive any penalty. Massa began to edge away from Hamilton, who in turn was pulling away from Räikkönen. Jarno Trulli had begun the race on a heavy fuel load, and soon was holding up a number of cars with Williams' Nico Rosberg immediately behind him. It was not until the seventh lap that Rosberg finally passed Trulli's Toyota, and soon Nakajima and Alonso got through as well.
After ten laps, Massa had built up a lead of over three seconds to Hamilton and Räikkönen was a further seven seconds behind Hamilton. On lap twelve, Alonso was the first driver who came into the pits. He switched his super-soft tyres for the soft compound tyres and rejoined at the back of the field. Two laps later, team mate Nelson Piquet, Jr. lost control of his car and hit the wall at Turn 17, blaming his hard tyres for the accident. This resulted in the first safety car period of the race. The two Red Bull cars managed to come into the pits before it was closed. With very little fuel left, Rosberg, Kubica and Rubens Barrichello had no choice but to pit despite the pit lane being closed. Barrichello's Honda then had a mechanical failure and became the second retirement of the race. After all the cars were behind the safety car, the pit lane was opened and nearly all the drivers pitted.
In the pits, Ferrari prematurely released Massa with the fuel hose still attached to the car. The Brazilian was also released into the path of Adrian Sutil, who narrowly avoided the Ferrari. Massa went the full length of the pitlane before stopping just before the exit. Massa rejoined at the back of the field after the Ferrari mechanics ran down the pitlane and removed the hose from the car. Cars who had either pitted before the safety car or were on one stop strategies were now in front. Rosberg now led from Trulli, Fisichella, Kubica, Alonso, Webber, Coulthard and Hamilton.
Rosberg started to pull away from the heavily fuelled Trulli and Fisichella's Force India, who held up most of the field behind him. In the next few laps, Felipe Massa was given a drive through penalty for an unsafe release from the pits while Rosberg and Kubica were given 10 second stop-go penalties for refuelling when the pitlane was closed. The Ferrari driver served his penalty and rejoined the track still in last place. Kubica came into the pits from fourth and dropped behind Massa. After building a lead of over fifteen seconds to Trulli, Rosberg served his penalty a lap later but only lost three positions. He rejoined the circuit in fourth behind Alonso and Jarno Trulli took over the lead.
A lap later, Fisichella came in from second to make his only pit stop, moving Alonso and Rosberg into second and third. Trulli led the race for four more laps before making his only stop of the night, handing the lead to Alonso. He soon pulled away from Rosberg who pitted from second on lap 41, rejoining in seventh. Alonso made his final stop a lap later but still rejoined in the lead, just ahead of second and third placed Coulthard and Hamilton. Coulthard lost momentum and the McLaren overtook the Red Bull at turn seven. At the end of the lap, both cars pitted and Coulthard nearly left with his fuel hose attached.
After 45 laps, Alonso led Timo Glock by just over six seconds and Rosberg by a further eleven seconds in third. The Toyota driver pitted two laps later, rejoining in fifth. Four laps later, Trulli began to slow down and soon retired after a mechanical failure. On the same lap, Räikkönen made his second and final stop of the race and rejoined in fifth. A lap later, Massa spun at Turn 18 and lightly tapped the tyre wall without sustaining much damage. Moments later, Sutil fell victim to the same corner and damaged his front suspension, becoming the fifth retirement of the night. The incident brought out the second safety car period of the race.
The safety car withdrew from the circuit with nine laps remaining and Alonso pulled away from Rosberg and Hamilton. Glock, Räikkönen, Vettel, Heidfeld and Coulthard (ultimately, claiming points for the final time) were in the remaining points positions. Rosberg was coming under pressure from Hamilton, who was looking to capitalize on Massa's incidents. With four laps remaining, Räikkönen bounced off the kerbs at the Turn 10 chicane and crashed into the barriers while chasing Glock, promoting Nakajima into the points. Alonso maintained his lead over Rosberg and took his first win for Renault since his return to the team. Rosberg held on to second and Hamilton settled for third. Massa finished in 13th place and the points difference between himself and Hamilton increased to seven points and McLaren took over the lead in the Constructor's Championship. With team-mate Räikkönen failing to finish, this was the first time the Ferrari team had failed to score any points in a race since the 2006 Australian Grand Prix. Räikkönen recorded his tenth fastest lap of the season during the race, tying his own record that he shared with Michael Schumacher. Heidfeld broke a Schumacher record, being classified for a 25th consecutive race.
Fernando Alonso credited his success to the team's strategy and bit of luck. He said that the team chose a two-stop strategy with a short initial stint as opposed to a one-stop strategy, considering the difficulties of overtaking on the track and possibility of brake problems. Nico Rosberg was pleased with his career best result, although he recalled when he thought his efforts for a good finish might have been in vain after being given a stop-and-go penalty. He mentioned that he had to come in for the pit stops on the same lap that the safety car came out, and admitted that he was annoyed with the penalty. Hamilton said that he tried to get close to Rosberg towards the final laps, after the second safety car period. However, seeing that overtaking was extremely risky, he decided against it, considering that neither of the Ferraris was going to score.
Ferrari team principal Stefano Domenicali said that the reason for Massa's pit incident was not the electronic signalling system but a human error. He defended the electronic system saying that the system saves any reaction time for the driver as opposed to a standard "lollipop" system, and considering it was a human error, the incident may have happened with a lollipop as well.
In the Driver's Championship, Lewis Hamilton's third place moved him seven points clear of Felipe Massa on 84 points. With both Ferrari drivers failing to score, McLaren took over the lead in the Constructors' Championship on 135 points. Fernando Alonso's victory meant that Renault overtook Toyota for fourth place in the constructors standings.
The international media and many of those directly involved in Formula One praised the staging of the SingTel Singapore Grand Prix highly. Fears which were previously expressed about the weather, visibility and narrow nature of the circuit itself all proved unfounded. Organisation of the event itself was widely deemed to be impeccable as the ushering, transport, and security services all ran like clockwork. However, the drivers did complain about how bumpy the track was, particularly off the racing line, which made overtaking difficult on a street circuit hemmed in by barriers.
Sports supremo and Formula One's commercial rights holder Bernie Ecclestone heralded the Singapore Grand Prix as the "new jewel in the Formula One sports crown", a phrase often used to describe the Monaco Grand Prix circuit. He described Singapore as an example to follow and would make people reconsider their opinions of Asia.
Several other prominent Formula One personalities were quoted as saying,
Locally, Sunday's F1 night race on the local MediaCorp TV Channel 5 drew more viewers than the Beijing Olympics opening ceremony in the previous month, becoming the highest-rated programme for the year. The average ratings for Sunday’s race were 17.8 per cent, or 789,000 viewers, as compared to 17.3 per cent (765,000 viewers) for the opening of the Beijing Games. The world’s inaugural F1 race under floodlights is reported to have been watched by an estimated global TV audience of about 400 million.
- Main article: Renault Formula One crash controversy
During the race, Renault F1 driver Nelson Piquet, Jr. crashed on Lap 14, which at the time he attributed as a simple mistake. At the time, his Renault team mate Fernando Alonso was the only driver to have pitted for fuel, and he later went on to win the race. After Piquet, Jr. left Renault in August 2009, allegations surfaced that this crash had been deliberate, to give an advantage to Alonso. Following an Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) investigation in which Piquet, Jr. stated he had been ordered by Renault team principal Flavio Briatore and engineer Pat Symonds to stage the crash, on 4 September 2009 Renault were charged with conspiracy and race fixing, and were due to face the FIA World Motor Sport Council in Paris on 21 September 2009. Initially, Renault and Briatore stated they would take legal action against Piquet, Jr. for making false allegations, however, before the 21 September meeting, Renault announced they would not contest the charges, and that Briatore and Symonds had left the team.
|Pos||No||Driver||Constructor||Part 1||Part 2||Part 3||Grid|
|4||4||Robert Kubica||BMW Sauber||1:44.740||1:44.519||1:45.779||4|
|6||3||Nick Heidfeld||BMW Sauber||1:45.548||1:44.520||1:45.964||91|
|7||15||Sebastian Vettel||Toro Rosso-Ferrari||1:45.042||1:44.261||1:46.244||6|
|13||10||Mark Webber||Red Bull-Renault||1:45.493||1:45.212||13|
|14||9||David Coulthard||Red Bull-Renault||1:46.028||1:45.298||14|
|15||5||Fernando Alonso||Renault||1:44.971||no time||15|
|16||6||Nelson Piquet, Jr.||Renault||1:46.037||16|
|17||14||Sébastien Bourdais||Toro Rosso-Ferrari||1:46.389||17|
|19||20||Adrian Sutil||Force India-Ferrari||1:47.940||19|
|20||21||Giancarlo Fisichella||Force India-Ferrari||no time||202|
- - Nick Heidfeld penalised three grid positions for impeding Rubens Barrichello during first qualifying session.
- - Giancarlo Fisichella started the race from the pitlane.
Standings after the raceEdit
- Bold text indicates who still has a theoretical chance of winning the title
- ↑ "FIA Press Release". Archived from the original on 2009-09-26. http://www.fia.com/en-GB/mediacentre/pressreleases/wmsc/2009/Pages/wmsc_210909.aspx. Retrieved 2009-09-21.
- ↑ http://en.espnf1.com/f1/motorsport/story/6063.html
- ↑ De Cotta, Ian (2007-03-14). "F1 boss to discuss Singapore Grand Prix with Minister of State". Channel NewsAsia (MediaCorp Ltd). http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/singaporelocalnews/view/263852/1/.html. Retrieved 2009-01-14.
- ↑ "Singapore to host Grand Prix, joining the circuit in 2008". International Herald Tribune. 2007-05-11. Archived from the original on 2009-03-19. http://web.archive.org/web/20090319050648/http://www.iht.com/articles/2007/05/11/business/SINGA.php. Retrieved 2009-01-14.
- ↑ Mohandas, Vimita (2007-08-31). "Works begin for Formula 1 Singapore Grand Prix". Channel NewsAsia (MediaCorp Ltd). http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/singaporelocalnews/view/297164/1/.html. Retrieved 2009-01-14.
- ↑ "How to light up F1". GrandPrix.com. 2008-01-03. http://www.grandprix.com/ns/ns19947.html. Retrieved 2009-01-14.
- ↑ "Italy-based lighting contractor picked for inaugural F1 Singapore GP". Channel NewsAsia (MediaCorp Ltd). 2007-10-16. http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/singaporelocalnews/print/306016/1/.html. Retrieved 2009-01-14.
- ↑ "Italian company to light up Singapore Grand Prix". Ireland OnLine. 2007-10-16. http://breakingnews.iol.ie/sport/?jp=mhmhcwmhgbcw. Retrieved 2009-01-14.
- ↑ 9.0 9.1 9.2 "FIA Thursday press conference - Singapore". Formula1.com. 2008-09-24. http://www.formula1.com/news/headlines/2008/9/8424.html. Retrieved 2009-01-13.
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 Noble, Jonathan (2008-09-24). "Bourdais praises 'unbelievable' Singapore". Autosport. Haymarket Publications. http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/70806. Retrieved 2009-01-13.
- ↑ Noble, Jonathan; Pablo Elizalde (2008-09-24). "Theissen: Singapore the highlight of '08". Autosport. Haymarket Publications. http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/70832. Retrieved 2009-01-13.
- ↑ "Alonso says Turn 10 kerbs a concern". Autosport. Haymarket Publications. 2008-09-24. http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/70830. Retrieved 2009-01-13.
- ↑ "GPDA convinced Singapore will be safe". Autosport. Haymarket Publications. 2008-09-24. http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/70799. Retrieved 2009-01-13.
- ↑ Matt Beer (2008-09-26). "Hamilton tops first ever night practice". Autosport.com. Archived from the original on 29 September 2008. http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/70864. Retrieved 2008-09-27.
- ↑ "Practice One - Hamilton fastest in first-ever night session". Formula1.com. 2008-09-26. Archived from the original on 28 September 2008. http://www.formula1.com/news/headlines/2008/9/8430.html. Retrieved 2008-09-27.
- ↑ Matt Beer (2008-09-26). "Alonso quickest in second practice". Autosport.com. Archived from the original on 29 September 2008. http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/70867. Retrieved 2008-09-27.
- ↑ "Practice Two - Alonso at the 11th hour". Formula1.com. 2008-09-26. Archived from the original on 28 September 2008. http://www.formula1.com/news/headlines/2008/9/8433.html. Retrieved 2008-09-27.
- ↑ Matt Beer (2008-09-27). "Alonso tops final practice in Singapore". Autosport.com. Archived from the original on 29 September 2008. http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/70917. Retrieved 2008-09-27.
- ↑ "Final practice - Alonso sets Saturday pace in Singapore". Formula1.com. 2008-09-27. Archived from the original on 28 September 2008. http://www.formula1.com/news/headlines/2008/9/8440.html. Retrieved 2008-09-27.
- ↑ 20.0 20.1 20.2 "Qualifying - selected driver quotes". Formula1.com. 2008-09-27. Archived from the original on 28 September 2008. http://www.formula1.com/news/headlines/2008/9/8443.html. Retrieved 2008-09-28.
- ↑ 21.0 21.1 "Heidfeld dropped, Barrichello fined after pit-entry confusion". Formula1.com. 2008-09-27. Archived from the original on 28 September 2008. http://www.formula1.com/news/headlines/2008/9/8444.html. Retrieved 2008-09-28.
- ↑ Matt Beer (2008-09-27). "Massa storms to Singapore GP pole". Autosport.com. Archived from the original on 30 September 2008. http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/70921. Retrieved 2008-09-28.
- ↑ "Singapore Saturday quotes: McLaren". Autosport.com. 2008-09-27. Archived from the original on 28 September 2008. http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/70943. Retrieved 2008-09-28.
- ↑ "Massa storms to first floodlit pole in Singapore". Formula1.com. 2008-09-27. Archived from the original on 28 September 2008. http://www.formula1.com/news/headlines/2008/9/8442.html. Retrieved 2008-09-28.
- ↑ 25.0 25.1 "Alonso steals Singapore win from 15th on grid". GPUpdate.net. 2008-09-28. http://www.gpupdate.net/en/f1-news/199619/alonso-steals-singapore-win-from-15th-on-grid/. Retrieved 2011-01-29.
- ↑ "Renault celebrates 'amazing' victory". GPUpdate.net. 2008-09-28. http://www.gpupdate.net/en/f1-news/199678/renault-celebrates-amazing-victory/. Retrieved 2011-01-29.
- ↑ 27.0 27.1 27.2 "FIA post-race press conference - Singapore". Formula1.com. 2008-09-28. Archived from the original on 1 October 2008. http://www.formula1.com/news/headlines/2008/9/8454.html. Retrieved 2008-10-03.
- ↑ Jonathan Noble, Pablo Elizalde (2008-09-28). "Rosberg thought penalty had ruined race". Autosport.com. Archived from the original on 1 October 2008. http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/70976. Retrieved 2008-10-03.
- ↑ Jonathan Noble (2008-09-28). "Q & A with Stefano Domenicali". Autosport.com. Archived from the original on 1 October 2008. http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/71006. Retrieved 2008-10-03.
- ↑ Jonathan Noble (2008-09-28). "Toyota lodge protest against Toro Rosso". Autosport.com. Archived from the original on 1 October 2008. http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/70997. Retrieved 2008-10-03.
- ↑ Jonathan Noble (2008-09-28). "Stewards reject Toyota's protest". Autosport.com. Archived from the original on 1 October 2008. http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/71004. Retrieved 2008-10-03.
- ↑ "Ferrari furious over Singapore GP". BBC SPORT. September 30, 2008. Archived from the original on 23 December 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/motorsport/formula_one/7644042.stm. Retrieved 2008-11-29.
- ↑ "Clear as day - everyone's an F1 winner with night racing, especially Fernando Alonso - Sportingo". Sportingo.com. http://www.sportingo.com/formula/motorsport/a10397_clear-as-day-everyones-winner-night-racing-especially-fernando-alonso. Retrieved 2008-11-29.
- ↑ "Breaking News". Straitstimes.com. September 28, 2008. Archived from the original on 1 December 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20081201032925/http://www.straitstimes.com/Breaking+News/Sport/Story/STIStory_283640.html. Retrieved 2008-11-29.
- ↑ "Praise rings loudly for Singapore GP - Latest F1 news, stories, articles and photos for Singapore on MSN Singapore Sport". Sport.sg.msn.com. http://sport.sg.msn.com/Formula1/article.aspx?cp-documentid=1701202. Retrieved 2008-11-29.
- ↑ "TODAYonline". Todayonline.com. http://www.todayonline.com/articles/278788.asp. Retrieved 2008-11-29. Template:Dead link
- ↑ Cary, Tom (2009-09-17). "Q and A: why Renault face race-fixing allegations and other questions". London: The Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/motorsport/formulaone/renault/6199480/Q-and-A-why-Renault-face-race-fixing-allegations-and-other-questions.html. Retrieved 2009-09-17.
- ↑ "Renault blames Briatore & Symonds". BBC Sport. 2009-09-17. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/motorsport/formula_one/8261004.stm. Retrieved 2009-09-17.
- ↑ "Fisichella to start from pitlane". Autosport.com. 2008-09-28. Archived from the original on 1 October 2008. http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/70968. Retrieved 2008-09-28.
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