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1982 FIA Formula One World Championship season
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Index: Races by country | Races by season

The 1982 Formula One season was the 33rd FIA Formula One World Championship season. It commenced on January 23, 1982, and ended on September 25 after sixteen races. The World Drivers' Championship was won by Williams driver Keke Rosberg. Rosberg was the first driver since Mike Hawthorn in the 1958 season to win the championship after winning only one race. 11 drivers won a race during the season, none of them more than two times. Scuderia Ferrari won the World Constructors' Championship.

The combination of technical and sporting regulations used during this season prompted many complaints about safety before and during the season. The season saw two fatalities and many serious accidents. Ferrari driver Gilles Villeneuve was killed in an accident during qualifying for the Belgian Grand Prix at Zolder, after hitting the March car of Jochen Mass. Italian driver Riccardo Paletti died at the Canadian Grand Prix when his Osella car hit the back of Didier Pironi's stalled car at the start of the race. Pironi, who had been Villeneuve's teammate, suffered massive injuries to his legs in another qualifying accident at the German Grand Prix and never raced in Formula One again.

The season started with a drivers' strike at the first race of the season. Later in the season, the disagreement between the sport's governing body and the teams (known as the FISA-FOCA war) restarted and many of the teams boycotted the San Marino Grand Prix. For the first time since the inception of Formula One more than 30 years earlier, there were no non-Championship races run during 1982. This situation would become permanent from 1984 onward. It was also the only season to host three Grands Prix in the same country (United States): the Caesars Palace Grand Prix, Detroit Grand Prix and United States Grand Prix West.

Pre-seasonEdit

Drivers

The off season saw rumours of several former champions returning to the sport, but in the end only double world champion Niki Lauda returned to Formula One after an absence of two years to partner John Watson at McLaren.[1] The 1981 drivers' champion Nelson Piquet remained at Brabham, partnered by Riccardo Patrese. The Williams team kept Carlos Reutemann, but their 1980 champion Alan Jones retired and was replaced by Finn Keke Rosberg, who had failed to score a single point the previous year with Fittipaldi Automotive. Ferrari and Renault retained their race-winning line ups of Villeneuve and Didier Pironi and Alain Prost and René Arnoux, respectively.

Technology

The two main technological themes of the 1982 season were turbocharging and ground effect. The large automotive manufacturers could afford to develop the expensive new technology of turbocharging, which offered a significant power advantage over naturally aspirated engines. However, turbocharged engines were heavy and initially suffered from turbo lag, a delay between the operation of the throttle and the delivery of power. The Renault and Ferrari factory teams, together with the small privateer Toleman team, were the only ones to use turbocharged engines throughout the 1982 season. The other two manufacturer teams used V12 atmospheric engines, which all other things being equal are more powerful than a V8 engine of the same capacity. Alfa Romeo were developing their own turbo engine, but for 1982 they retained what motorsport writer Doug Nye has called the most powerful 3-litre F1 engine seen at that time, with 548 bhp.[2] The French Talbot-Ligier team used Matra's less powerful V12 engine. Brabham also had a foot in the turbo camp, as they had been developing a car powered by a BMW turbocharged engine since the previous year, but at the start of the year mainly relied on their older car powered by the naturally aspirated Cosworth DFV engine. Britain's specialist race car manufacturers had been following a different technical route, using the less powerful but compact, reliable and widely available Cosworth and focusing on the effectiveness of the chassis. The Lotus team had introduced aerodynamic ground effect in 1978, and rapid progress had been made by others like Williams, McLaren and Brabham in exploiting it more and more effectively. The DFV, and the introduction by McLaren and Lotus of cars built largely from carbon-fibre composites, allowed the teams to create very light cars. Several of the DFV teams felt that the turbo cars had an "unfair" advantage and sought a further weight reduction to equalise performance. The Formula One regulations stated that the weight of the cars must be at least 580 kg including lubricants and coolants. Working within the letter of the regulations, some teams fitted their cars with large water tanks, ostensibly for "water-cooled brakes". In practice, the water was dumped early in the race, allowing the cars to race as much as 50 kg underweight. The regulations stated that the water could be topped up again at the end of the race, before the weight was checked.[3]

For the 1982 season, the Fédération Internationale du Sport Automobile (FISA), motorsport's world governing body, abandoned the previous year's minimum ride height rule. However, the rules requiring that the skirts around the edge of the car be fixed and rigid remained, and the cars kept their almost immovable suspension to allow the skirts to consistently seal the low pressure area under the cars. The cars depended entirely on their aerodynamic downforce and were extremely unpleasant to drive—1978 world champion Mario Andretti cited them as one of the reasons he left F1 at the end of 1981[4]—and caused several of the drivers medical problems.

Sporting Regulations

The new rules for the season included an increase in the number of cars permitted to enter a Grand Prix from 30 to 34, and the number of starters from 24 to 26. To avoid having all 34 cars on the track at one time, a pre-qualifying session was introduced in which the three teams with the poorest record in the previous year would compete to be allowed into qualification proper. Three companies, Goodyear, Michelin and Avon supplied tyres, including special qualifying tyres, which provided much increased levels of grip during the qualification sessions that determined the starting order for the race. For the first time the number of tyres permitted for qualification was limited, creating a situation which Villeneuve thought "...unnecessarily dangerous. If I have only two chances to set a time, I need a clear track, OK? If it isn't clear, if there's someone in my way, I just have to hope he's looking in his mirrors — I mean, I can't lift, because this is my last chance."[5]

Politics

The Formula One Constructors Association (FOCA) and FISA had been in dispute over the control of the sport since 1979. The worst period of the disagreement (known as the FISA-FOCA war) had ended in 1981 with the signing of the Concorde Agreement. FOCA consisted of the major British teams, while the manufacturer teams (Renault, Ferrari, Alfa-Romeo and Talbot-Ligier), together with Italian team Osella and Toleman were aligned with FISA.[6] The 1982 season had an unusually large number of teams representing major motor manufacturers, with Alfa Romeo and Talbot represented as well as Renault and Ferrari.[7]

Season summaryEdit

PoliticsEdit

The early races of the season were disrupted by politics. At the first race of the season, the South African Grand Prix, Niki Lauda led a drivers' strike against the "superlicences", newly required for participation in the championship, which included clauses that Lauda believed would unfairly tie drivers to their teams. Most of the drivers locked themselves in a conference room overnight before agreement was reached that the relevant clauses could be re-visited and the race was reinstated. The six factory turbocharged cars, including the Brabham-BMWs on this occasion, had their inherent power advantage exaggerated by the low air density at the high altitude Kyalami circuit and took the first six places on the grid. Alain Prost won the race in his Renault. Despite the pre-race agreement, the race stewards issued a statement during the race indicating that the licences of those drivers who had taken part in the strike were suspended.[8]

The striking drivers were eventually fined $5,000 each and given a one race ban, suspended for six months, but the process of reaching this compromise position took several weeks and contributed to the cancellation of that year's Argentine Grand Prix, due to be the second race of the year. The Brazilian and United States West Grands Prix were both won by DFV-powered cars, and both results were protested by the Ferrari and Renault teams, on the grounds that the leading DFV teams were competing with underweight cars thanks to their water cooled brakes. The stewards in Brazil ruled that the Piquet's winning Brabham and Rosberg's second-placed Williams were illegal, but their counterparts in the US rejected the same claim against Niki Lauda's McLaren and Rosberg's Williams, although they did uphold the Tyrrell team's protest against Ferrari's use of two rear wings and disqualified Villeneuve. The appeal process meant that the result of the protest would not be known for another month.[9]

On 19 April, the FIA tribunal found in favour of Ferrari and Renault's protest of the Brazilian Grand Prix result. Piquet and Rosberg were disqualified and Prost was awarded the win. The other finishers, including some like title contender John Watson who had also been racing underweight, but had not been protested, were moved up the results accordingly.[10] This gave Prost the lead in the world championship, with 18 points to Lauda's 12 and Rosberg and Watson's 8.[11] The tribunal also ruled that after future races, all cars must be weighed before liquids were topped up. The FOCA teams requested a postponement of the next race, the San Marino Grand Prix, until July to allow consideration of the effects of the judgement, on the grounds that it changed the regulations of the sport. The race organisers refused to delay the race, which went ahead without the majority of the FOCA teams.[12]

Villeneuve and PironiEdit

Only 14 cars competed at the San Marino Grand Prix because of the FOCA boycott, leaving the Ferraris to compete with the Renaults until both French cars broke down. By lap 45, Villeneuve and Pironi were contesting the lead, with Villeneuve in front, when their Ferrari team signalled them to slow down. Villeneuve did so and was passed by his team-mate; they swapped the lead again several times before Pironi passed Villeneuve on the final lap for the win.[13] After the race, Villeneuve said that the "Slow" sign at Ferrari had always previously meant that the drivers should hold their positions, adding "People seem to think we had the battle of our lives! [...] I was coasting those last 15 laps."; Pironi said that "The 'Slow' sign means only to use your head [... not that] if you think you can win, don't do it." In an interview the following week, Villeneuve said that he would never speak to Pironi again.[14]

Two weeks later, Villeneuve died after an accident during the final qualifying session for the Belgian Grand Prix at Zolder. Bamsey and Lang write that he was trying to beat Pironi's time,[15] while Ferrari race engineer Mauro Forghieri says that the Canadian was returning to the pits and would not therefore have set a lap time.[16] Villeneuve caught Jochen Mass travelling much more slowly through a left-handed bend and moved to the right to pass him at the same instant that Mass also moved right to let Villeneuve through on the racing line. The two collided and Villeneuve was thrown out of his disintegrating car. He died of a fractured neck in a local hospital at 9:12 that evening.[16] Ferrari withdrew from the race, which John Watson won for McLaren. His team-mate Lauda was disqualified after the race for an underweight car. The results were dominated by the returning FOCA teams; even the only turbo-engined finisher, Piquet's Brabham-BMW, was from their number.[17]

Roebuck writes that the next race, the Monaco Grand Prix, "was a sombre, edgy place [...] the sense of [Villeneuve's] absence was overwhelming": the Canadian had lived in the principality and had won the previous year's race.[18] In the race itself Arnoux led early before spinning off, handing the lead to his Renault teammate Prost. Prost built up a massive lead, but a light rain shower in the closing laps triggered a chaotic finish. Prost crashed out, handing the lead to Patrese. Patrese spun on the penultimate lap and stalled, allowing Pironi into the lead, followed by de Cesaris. On the final lap Pironi, de Cesaris, and Derek Daly all dropped out while in potential race winning positions. Meanwhile, Patrese bump-started his car by coasting down a hill, completed the final two laps, and took his first career victory.[19] Pironi was classified second, despite running out of fuel and stopping on the last lap. After the race, Prost, who had scored no points since the Brazilian Grand Prix in March, led the championship by one point from Watson and two points from Pironi.[20]

North American tourEdit

Formula One returned to North America for the Detroit Grand Prix, where Watson won again, this time from 17th place on the grid, to take the championship lead.[21] Tragedy struck again in Canada. Pironi qualified on pole, but stalled at the start. His stationary car was hit by the Osella of young Italian Riccardo Paletti, who was killed in the impact and resultant fire. Piquet won the restarted race. Pironi came back to take a dominant victory in Holland, where Arnoux was lucky to escape uninjured from a massive crash after his Renault's throttle stuck open. Template:Quote box Lauda won in Britain, but the real star of the race was Derek Warwick, who hustled the unfancied Toleman into second place late in the race and was closing on Lauda before the car broke down. The next race at Le Castellet's Circuit Paul Ricard saw Frenchman Arnoux take victory in his French Renault, which was popular with the crowd but not with the team, as Arnoux was supposed to give the win to teammate Prost to help the latter's championship cause. But that was a race that saw 4 French drivers finish in the top 4 (Arnoux, Prost, Pironi and Patrick Tambay) and German driver Jochen Mass immediately retire from F1 after a near-catastrophic accident with Mauro Baldi at Signes, the fast corner after the long Mistral straight. As it was, Pironi seemed poised to run away with the title, but his quest was ended prematurely at the next race in Germany. During a wet qualifying session, Pironi plowed into the back of Prost's Renault. The Ferrari was launched into the air in an eerily similar accident to the one that killed Villeneuve. Fortunately, Pironi was not thrown from the car, but he suffered career-ending leg injuries. Pironi's crash was so bad that FIA doctor Sid Watkins had considered amputating Pironi's legs to remove him from the wrecked Ferrari, which never happened. Ferrari chose to compete in the next day's race, and Patrick Tambay (who Ferrari had picked to replace Villeneuve) took a somber win after Piquet crashed out of the lead while lapping Eliseo Salazar (Piquet famously punched Salazar for his trouble).

Rosberg winsEdit

Elio de Angelis scored his first win in Austria, as Rosberg's last-lap lunge for the win came up 0.050 seconds short. However, Rosberg was not to be denied at the next race, a second French round in Dijon-Prenois named the 'Grand Prix of Switzerland' (because motor racing was prohibited in Switzerland at the time, many Swiss automobile clubs raced in Dijon). After toiling in the mid-field for the first half of the race, the Finn went on a charge and was on Prost's tail on the penultimate lap. Rosberg passed Prost on the last lap and held the lead for the remainder of it.

Suddenly, Rosberg (who had scored zero points the previous season) was leading the championship. He duly held onto that lead in Italy (where Arnoux beat the two Ferraris) and in the final round at Las Vegas (where Alboreto took an unlikely win) to become the first Finnish World Champion.

Drivers and constructorsEdit

Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Tyres No Driver Rounds
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Parmalat Racing Team Brabham BT49B
BT50
Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8
BMW M12/13 1.5 L4t
G 1 25px-Brazilflag Nelson Piquet 1-3, 5-16
2 22px-Flag of Italy Riccardo Patrese 1-3, 5-16
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Team Tyrrell Tyrrell 011 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G 3 22px-Flag of Italy Michele Alboreto All
4 22px-Flag of Sweden Slim Borgudd 1-3
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Brian Henton 4-16
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom TAG Williams Racing Team Williams FW07C
FW07D
FW08
Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G 5 25px-ARGENntina Carlos Reutemann 1-2
USAflagsmall Mario Andretti 3
22px-Flag of Ireland Derek Daly 5-16
6 22px-Flag of Finland Keke Rosberg 1-3, 5-16
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Marlboro McLaren International McLaren MP4/1B Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 M 7 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom John Watson 1-3, 5-16
8 22px-Flag of Austria Niki Lauda 1-3, 5-16
Flag of Germany Team ATS ATS D5 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 A
G
9 Flag of Germany Manfred Winkelhock All
10 22px-Flag of Chile Eliseo Salazar All
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom John Player Team Lotus Lotus 87B
91
Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G 11 22px-Flag of Italy Elio de Angelis 1-3, 5-16
12 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Nigel Mansell 1-3, 5-8, 10, 12-16
25px-Brazilflag Roberto Moreno 9
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Geoff Lees 11
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Ensign Racing Ensign N180B
N181
Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 A
P
14 22px-Flag of Colombia Roberto Guerrero 1-3, 5-16
22px-Flag of France Equipe Renault Elf Renault RE30B Renault-Gordini EF1 1.5 V6t M 15 22px-Flag of France Alain Prost All
16 22px-Flag of France René Arnoux All
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Rothmans March Grand Prix Team
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom LBT Team March
March 821 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 P


A

17 Flag of Germany Jochen Mass 1-3, 5-11
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Rupert Keegan 12-16
18 25px-Brazilflag Raul Boesel 1-3, 5-16
19 22px-Flag of Spain Emilio de Villota 5-9
25px-Brazilflag Fittipaldi Automotive Fittipaldi F8D
F9
Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 P 20 25px-Brazilflag Chico Serra 1-3, 5-16
22px-Flag of Italy Marlboro Team Alfa Romeo Alfa Romeo 179D
182
182B
182T
Alfa Romeo 1260 3.0 V12
Alfa Romeo 890T 1.5 V8t
M 22 22px-Flag of Italy Andrea de Cesaris All
23 22px-Flag of Italy Bruno Giacomelli All
22px-Flag of France Equipe Talbot Gitanes Ligier JS17B
JS19
Matra MS81 3.0 V12 M 25 USAflagsmall Eddie Cheever 1-3, 5-16
26 22px-Flag of France Jacques Laffite 1-3, 5-16
22px-Flag of Italy Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 126C2 Ferrari 021 1.5 V6t G 27 25px-Canadaflag Gilles Villeneuve 1-5
22px-Flag of France Patrick Tambay 9-16
28 22px-Flag of France Didier Pironi 1-12
USAflagsmall Mario Andretti 15-16
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Arrows Racing Team Arrows A4
A5
Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 P 29 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Brian Henton 1-3
20px-Flag of Switzerland Marc Surer 5-16
30 22px-Flag of Italy Mauro Baldi 1-3, 5-16
22px-Flag of Italy Osella Squadra Corse Osella FA1C
FA1D
Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 P 31 22px-Flag of France Jean-Pierre Jarier All
32 22px-Flag of Italy Riccardo Paletti 1-8
Flag of Hong Kong 1959.svg Theodore Racing Team Theodore TY01
TY02
Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 A
G
33 22px-Flag of Ireland Derek Daly 1-3
22px-Flag of the Netherlands Jan Lammers 5-7, 9-11
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Geoff Lees 8
22px-Flag of Ireland Tommy Byrne 12-16
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Candy Toleman Motorsport
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Toleman Group Motorsport
Toleman TG181B
TG181C
TG183
Hart 415T 1.5 L4t P 35 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Derek Warwick 1-6, 9-16
36 22px-Flag of Italy Teo Fabi 1-6, 9-16

Season reviewEdit

Rnd Race Date Location Pole Position Fastest Lap Race Winner Constructor Report
1 22px-Flag of South Africa 1928 svg South African Grand Prix January 23 Kyalami 22px-Flag of France René Arnoux 22px-Flag of France Alain Prost 22px-Flag of France Alain Prost 22px-Flag of France Renault Report
2 25px-Brazilflag Brazilian Grand Prix March 21 Jacarepaguá 22px-Flag of France Alain Prost 22px-Flag of France Alain Prost 22px-Flag of France Alain Prost 22px-Flag of France Renault Report
3 USAflagsmall United States Grand Prix West April 4 Long Beach 22px-Flag of Italy Andrea de Cesaris 22px-Flag of Austria Niki Lauda 22px-Flag of Austria Niki Lauda 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom McLaren-Ford Report
4 22px-Flag of San Marino.svg-1- San Marino Grand Prix April 25 Imola 22px-Flag of France René Arnoux 22px-Flag of France Didier Pironi 22px-Flag of France Didier Pironi 22px-Flag of Italy Ferrari Report
5 22px-Flag of Belgium (civil) Belgian Grand Prix May 9 Zolder 22px-Flag of France Alain Prost 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom John Watson 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom John Watson 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom McLaren-Ford Report
6 25px-Monacoflag Monaco Grand Prix May 23 Monaco 22px-Flag of France René Arnoux 22px-Flag of Italy Riccardo Patrese 22px-Flag of Italy Riccardo Patrese 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Brabham-Ford Report
7 USAflagsmall Detroit Grand Prix June 6 Detroit 22px-Flag of France Alain Prost 22px-Flag of France Alain Prost 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom John Watson 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom McLaren-Ford Report
8 25px-Canadaflag Canadian Grand Prix June 13 Circuit Gilles Villeneuve 22px-Flag of France Didier Pironi 22px-Flag of France Didier Pironi 25px-Brazilflag Nelson Piquet 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Brabham-BMW Report
9 22px-Flag of the Netherlands Dutch Grand Prix July 3 Zandvoort 22px-Flag of France René Arnoux 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Derek Warwick 22px-Flag of France Didier Pironi 22px-Flag of Italy Ferrari Report
10 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom British Grand Prix July 18 Brands Hatch 22px-Flag of Finland Keke Rosberg 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Brian Henton 22px-Flag of Austria Niki Lauda 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom McLaren-Ford Report
11 22px-Flag of France French Grand Prix July 25 Paul Ricard 22px-Flag of France René Arnoux 22px-Flag of Italy Riccardo Patrese 22px-Flag of France René Arnoux 22px-Flag of France Renault Report
12 Flag of Germany German Grand Prix August 8 Hockenheimring 22px-Flag of France Didier Pironi 25px-Brazilflag Nelson Piquet 22px-Flag of France Patrick Tambay 22px-Flag of Italy Ferrari Report
13 22px-Flag of Austria Austrian Grand Prix August 15 Österreichring 25px-Brazilflag Nelson Piquet 25px-Brazilflag Nelson Piquet 22px-Flag of Italy Elio de Angelis 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Lotus-Ford Report
14 20px-Flag of Switzerland Swiss Grand Prix August 29 Dijon 22px-Flag of France Alain Prost 22px-Flag of France Alain Prost 22px-Flag of Finland Keke Rosberg 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Williams-Ford Report
15 22px-Flag of Italy Italian Grand Prix September 12 Monza USAflagsmall Mario Andretti 22px-Flag of France René Arnoux 22px-Flag of France René Arnoux 22px-Flag of France Renault Report
16 USAflagsmall Caesars Palace Grand Prix September 25 Las Vegas 22px-Flag of France Alain Prost 22px-Flag of Italy Michele Alboreto 22px-Flag of Italy Michele Alboreto 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Report
  • Note—the 1982 Argentine Grand Prix, set for March 7, was cancelled.[22] This was possibly due to the FISA-FOCA war.

1982 Drivers Championship final standingsEdit

Pos Driver RSA
22px-Flag of South Africa 1928 svg
BRA
25px-Brazilflag
USW
USAflagsmall
SMR
22px-Flag of San Marino.svg-1-
BEL
22px-Flag of Belgium (civil)
MON
25px-Monacoflag
DET
USAflagsmall
CAN
25px-Canadaflag
NED
22px-Flag of the Netherlands
GBR
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom
FRA
22px-Flag of France
GER
Flag of Germany
AUT
22px-Flag of Austria
SUI
20px-Flag of Switzerland
ITA
22px-Flag of Italy
CPL
USAflagsmall
Points
1 22px-Flag of Finland Keke Rosberg 5 DSQ 2 2 Ret 4 Ret 3 Ret 5 3 2 1 8 5 44
2 22px-Flag of France Didier Pironi 18 6 Ret 1 DNS 2 3 9 1 2 3 DNS 39
3 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom John Watson 6 2 6 1 Ret 1 3 9 Ret Ret Ret 9 13 4 2 39
4 22px-Flag of France Alain Prost 1 1 Ret Ret Ret 7 NC Ret Ret 6 2 Ret 8 2 Ret 4 34
5 22px-Flag of Austria Niki Lauda 4 Ret 1 DSQ Ret Ret Ret 4 1 8 DNS 5 3 Ret Ret 30
6 22px-Flag of France René Arnoux 3 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 10 Ret Ret Ret 1 2 Ret 16 1 Ret 28
7 22px-Flag of France Patrick Tambay 8 3 4 1 4 Ret 2 DNS 25
8 22px-Flag of Italy Michele Alboreto 7 4 4 3 Ret 10 Ret Ret 7 Ret 6 4 Ret 7 5 1 25
9 22px-Flag of Italy Elio de Angelis 8 Ret 5 4 5 Ret 4 Ret 4 Ret Ret 1 6 Ret Ret 23
10 22px-Flag of Italy Riccardo Patrese Ret Ret 3 Ret 1 Ret 2 15 Ret Ret Ret Ret 5 Ret Ret 21
11 25px-Brazilflag Nelson Piquet Ret DSQ Ret 5 Ret DNQ 1 2 Ret Ret Ret Ret 4 Ret Ret 20
12 USAflagsmall Eddie Cheever Ret Ret Ret 3 Ret 2 10 DNQ Ret 16 Ret Ret Ret 6 3 15
13 22px-Flag of Ireland Derek Daly 14 Ret Ret Ret 6 5 7 5 5 7 Ret Ret 9 Ret 6 8
14 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Ret 3 7 Ret 4 Ret Ret Ret 9 Ret 8 7 Ret 7
15 25px-Canadaflag Gilles Villeneuve Ret Ret DSQ 2 DNS 6
16 25px-ARGENntina Carlos Reutemann 2 Ret 6
17 22px-Flag of Italy Andrea de Cesaris 13 Ret Ret Ret Ret 3 Ret 6 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 10 10 9 5
18 22px-Flag of France Jacques Laffite Ret Ret Ret 9 Ret 6 Ret Ret Ret 14 Ret 3 Ret Ret Ret 5
19 USAflagsmall Mario Andretti Ret 3 Ret 4
20 22px-Flag of France Jean-Pierre Jarier Ret 9 Ret 4 Ret DNQ Ret Ret 14 Ret Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret DNS 3
21 20px-Flag of Switzerland Marc Surer 7 9 8 5 10 Ret 13 6 Ret 15 Ret 7 3
22 22px-Flag of Italy Bruno Giacomelli 11 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 11 7 9 5 Ret 12 Ret 10 2
23 22px-Flag of Chile Eliseo Salazar 9 Ret Ret 5 Ret Ret Ret Ret 13 DNQ Ret Ret DNQ 14 9 DNQ 2
24 Flag of Germany Manfred Winkelhock 10 5 Ret DSQ Ret Ret Ret DNQ 12 DNQ 11 Ret Ret Ret DNQ NC 2
25 22px-Flag of Italy Mauro Baldi DNQ 10 DNQ Ret DNQ Ret 8 6 9 Ret Ret 6 DNQ 12 11 2
26 25px-Brazilflag Chico Serra 17 Ret DNQ 6 DNPQ 11 DNQ Ret Ret 11 7 DNQ 11 DNQ 1
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Brian Henton DNQ DNQ Ret Ret Ret 8 9 NC Ret 8 10 7 Ret 11 Ret 8 0
Flag of Germany Jochen Mass 12 8 8 Ret DNQ 7 11 Ret 10 Ret 0
22px-Flag of Sweden Slim Borgudd 16 7 10 0
25px-Brazilflag Raul Boesel 15 Ret 9 8 DNPQ Ret Ret Ret DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ Ret DNQ 13 0
22px-Flag of Colombia Roberto Guerrero DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ Ret Ret DNQ Ret DNQ 8 Ret Ret NC DNS 0
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Derek Warwick Ret DNQ DNPQ Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret 15 10 Ret Ret Ret Ret 0
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Rupert Keegan DNQ Ret Ret DNQ 12 0
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Geoff Lees Ret 12 0
22px-Flag of Italy Teo Fabi DNQ DNQ DNQ NC Ret DNPQ DNQ Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret DNQ 0
22px-Flag of Italy Riccardo Paletti DNQ DNPQ DNQ Ret DNPQ DNPQ Ret Ret 0
22px-Flag of Ireland Tommy Byrne DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ Ret 0
22px-Flag of the Netherlands Jan Lammers DNQ DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ 0
22px-Flag of Spain Emilio de Villota DNPQ DNPQ DNQ DNQ DNPQ 0
25px-Brazilflag Roberto Moreno DNQ 0
Pos Driver RSA
22px-Flag of South Africa 1928 svg
BRA
25px-Brazilflag
USW
USAflagsmall
SMR
22px-Flag of San Marino.svg-1-
BEL
22px-Flag of Belgium (civil)
MON
25px-Monacoflag
DET
USAflagsmall
CAN
25px-Canadaflag
NED
22px-Flag of the Netherlands
GBR
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom
FRA
22px-Flag of France
GER
Flag of Germany
AUT
22px-Flag of Austria
SUI
20px-Flag of Switzerland
ITA
22px-Flag of Italy
CPL
USAflagsmall
Points
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish, inc. non-classified finish
Purple Did not finish (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Light blue Practiced only (PO)
Friday test driver (TD) - 2003-2007 only
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Injured or ill (Inj)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)


1982 Constructors Championship final standingsEdit

Pos Constructor Car
no.
RSA
22px-Flag of South Africa 1928 svg
BRA
25px-Brazilflag
USW
USAflagsmall
SMR
22px-Flag of San Marino.svg-1-
BEL
22px-Flag of Belgium (civil)
MON
25px-Monacoflag
DET
USAflagsmall
CAN
25px-Canadaflag
NED
22px-Flag of the Netherlands
GBR
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom
FRA
22px-Flag of France
GER
Flag of Germany
AUT
22px-Flag of Austria
SUI
20px-Flag of Switzerland
ITA
22px-Flag of Italy
CPL
USAflagsmall
Pts
1 22px-Flag of Italy Ferrari 27 Ret Ret DSQ 2 DNS 8 3 4 1 4 Ret 2 DNS 74
28 18 6 Ret 1 DNS 2 3 9 1 2 3 DNS 3 Ret
2 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom McLaren-Ford 7 6 2 6 1 Ret 1 3 9 Ret Ret Ret 9 13 4 2 69
8 4 Ret 1 DSQ Ret Ret Ret 4 1 8 DNS 5 3 Ret Ret
3 22px-Flag of France Renault 15 1 1 Ret Ret Ret 7 NC Ret Ret 6 2 Ret 8 2 Ret 4 62
16 3 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 10 Ret Ret Ret 1 2 Ret 16 1 Ret
4 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Williams-Ford 5 2 Ret Ret Ret 6 5 7 5 5 7 Ret Ret 9 Ret 6 58
6 5 DSQ 2 2 Ret 4 Ret 3 Ret 5 3 2 1 8 5
5 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Lotus-Ford 11 8 Ret 5 4 5 Ret 4 Ret 4 Ret Ret 1 6 Ret Ret 30
12 Ret 3 7 Ret 4 Ret Ret DNQ Ret 12 9 Ret 8 7 Ret
6 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford 3 7 4 4 3 Ret 10 Ret Ret 7 Ret 6 4 Ret 7 5 1 25
4 16 7 10 Ret Ret 8 9 NC Ret 8 10 7 Ret 11 Ret 8
7 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Brabham-BMW 1 Ret 5 Ret DNQ 1 2 Ret Ret Ret Ret 4 Ret Ret 22
2 Ret Ret 15 Ret Ret Ret Ret 5 Ret Ret
8 22px-Flag of France Ligier-Matra 25 Ret Ret Ret 3 Ret 2 10 DNQ Ret 16 Ret Ret Ret 6 3 20
26 Ret Ret Ret 9 Ret 6 Ret Ret Ret 14 Ret 3 Ret Ret Ret
9 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Brabham-Ford 1 DSQ Ret 19
2 Ret 3 1 Ret 2
10 22px-Flag of Italy Alfa Romeo 22 13 Ret Ret Ret Ret 3 Ret 6 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 10 10 9 7
23 11 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 11 7 9 5 Ret 12 Ret 10
11 22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Arrows-Ford 29 DNQ DNQ Ret 7 9 8 5 10 Ret 13 6 Ret 15 Ret 7 5
30 DNQ 10 DNQ Ret DNQ Ret 8 6 9 Ret Ret 6 DNQ 12 11
12 Flag of Germany ATS-Ford 9 10 5 Ret DSQ Ret Ret Ret DNQ 12 DNQ 11 Ret Ret Ret DNQ NC 4
10 9 Ret Ret 5 Ret Ret Ret Ret 13 DNQ Ret Ret DNQ 14 9 DNQ
13 22px-Flag of Italy Osella-Ford 31 Ret 9 Ret 4 Ret DNQ Ret Ret 14 Ret Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret DNS 3
32 DNQ DNPQ DNQ Ret DNPQ DNPQ Ret Ret
14 25px-Brazilflag Fittipaldi-Ford 20 17 Ret DNQ 6 DNPQ 11 DNQ Ret Ret 11 7 DNQ 11 DNQ 1
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom March-Ford 17 12 8 8 Ret DNQ 7 11 Ret 10 Ret DNQ Ret Ret DNQ 12 0
18 15 Ret 9 8 DNPQ Ret Ret Ret DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ Ret DNQ 13
19 DNPQ DNPQ DNQ DNQ DNPQ
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Ensign-Ford 14 DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ Ret Ret DNQ Ret DNQ 8 Ret Ret NC DNS 0
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom Toleman-Hart 35 Ret DNQ DNPQ Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret 15 10 Ret Ret Ret Ret 0
36 DNQ DNQ DNQ NC Ret DNPQ DNQ Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret DNQ
Flag of Hong Kong 1959.svg Theodore-Ford 33 14 Ret Ret DNQ DNQ DNQ Ret Ret DNQ DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ Ret 0
Pos Constructor Car
no.
RSA
22px-Flag of South Africa 1928 svg
BRA
25px-Brazilflag
USW
USAflagsmall
SMR
22px-Flag of San Marino.svg-1-
BEL
22px-Flag of Belgium (civil)
MON
25px-Monacoflag
DET
USAflagsmall
CAN
25px-Canadaflag
NED
22px-Flag of the Netherlands
GBR
22px-Flag of the United Kingdom
FRA
22px-Flag of France
GER
Flag of Germany
AUT
22px-Flag of Austria
SUI
20px-Flag of Switzerland
ITA
22px-Flag of Italy
CPL
USAflagsmall
Pts

External linksEdit

NotesEdit

  1. Lang (1992) p.75
  2. Nye (1986) p.147
  3. Jenkinson, Denis (May 1983). "The Formula One scene". Motor Sport LVIII (5). 
  4. Roebuck (1986) p.24 "the cars were getting absurd, really crude, with no suspension movement whatever. It was toggle switch driving with no need for any kind of delicacy...it made leaving Formula One a lot easier than it would have been."
  5. Roebuck (1999) pp.175-176
  6. Lang (1992) pp. 10&92. Lang gives the FISA teams in 1980 as "Ferrari, Renault, Alfa-Romeo, Talbot-Ligier and Osella". By April 1982, Toleman has been added to the list, but "Guy Ligier had recently switched allegiance to FOCA".
  7. In the 1950s, manufacturer teams were common. However, from the 1960s to the 1990s there were rarely more than two manufacturer teams, and for 18 years (1973-1976 and 1986-1999), Ferrari were the only manufacturer-owned team. Since 2000, manufacturers have become common again: five of the ten 2008 F1 teams represent automotive manufacturers.
  8. Roebuck (1999) pp.173–175
  9. Lang (1992) pp.84–88
  10. Roebuck(1999) pp.178–180
  11. Bamsey (1983) p.44
  12. Lang (1992) p.92
  13. Lang (1992) pp.92-95
  14. Donaldson (2003) pp.289-290
  15. Bamsey (1983) p.50, Lang (1992) pp.96–97, Watkins (1997) p.98 and Fearnley (May, 2007) all write that Villeneuve was attempting to beat Pironi. Jenkinson (June 1982) writes only that he "was in the middle of a last desperate bid to improve his grid position."
  16. 16.0 16.1 Donaldson (2003) pp.296–298
  17. Bamsey (1983) p.51
  18. Roebuck (1999) p.186
  19. Roebuck (1999) p.187
  20. Bamsey (1983) p.57
  21. Lang (1992) pp.103-107
  22. Eaton, Godfrey. "Classic Ferrari". 1985 U.S. reprint edition of 1982 book release. Page 78. Publisher: Exeter Books. ISBN 978-0-671-07534-7

ReferencesEdit

Books
  • Bamsey, Ian (1983). Automobile Sport 82-83. City: Haynes Manuals. 
  • Donaldson, Gerald (2003). Gilles Villeneuve. London: Virgin. 
  • Lang, Mike (1992). Grand Prix!. vol.4. Sparkford: Foulis. 
  • Nye, Doug (1986). Autocourse history of the Grand Prix car 1966–85. Hazleton publishing. 
  • Roebuck, Nigel (1999). Chasing the Title. City: Haynes Publications. 
  • Watkins, Sid (1997). Life at the Limit: Triumph and Tragedy in Formula One. City: Pan Books. 
Magazines
  • Fearnley, Paul (May 2007). "It's war. Absolutely war.". Motor Sport (Haymarket): pp. 52–61. 


  • Jenkinson, Denis (June 1982). "Grote Prijs van Belgie". Motor Sport (Motor Sport Magazine Ltd.): pp. 708–712. 


Formula One World Championship seasons

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Smallwikipedialogo.png This page uses some content from Wikipedia. The original article was at 1982 Formula One season. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Autopedia, the text of Wikipedia is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.

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